TUESDAY 10th MAY 2022
As many people know, I am a self- confessed AILUROPHILE or cat-oholic!!!
Ever since I was tiny, I have lived with a succession of much loved cats, and never cease to be both amazed and amused at their capacity for rest/sleep/repose/stillness.
I venture to suggest that we humans could learn a great deal from them in that particular area, (not maybe to sleep for quite 15 hours a day!! as my Lilly does!)
Many of us are not good at making time to stop/rest/relax/be still.
And that applies to our prayer life too. We are so busy praying sometimes, that we do not make time to rest in God’s presence and allow Him to refresh us/prompt us/direct us.
Our regular times of Silent Prayer in our Tuesday morning prayer times offer us that opportunity. We can give ourselves permission to pause, to switch off from the demands of every day and simply BE in God’s presence.
Every time we sit here in Central MC we are reminded of those special words from Psalm 46 v10
“Be still and know that I am God”
Some words from a favourite hymn written by Horatius Bonar (StF248)
“I heard the voice of Jesus say; / ‘Come unto me and rest;
Lay down, O weary one, lay down / Your head upon my breast.’
I came to Jesus as I was, / Weary and worn and sad,
I found in Him a resting place, /And He has made me glad.”
And a verse from ‘Dear Lord and Father of mankind’ by John Greenleaf Whittier (StF495) says
“Drop thy still dews of quietness, / Till all our strivings cease;
Take from our souls the strain and stress, / And let our ordered lives confess,
The beauty of thy peace.”
As we come to God now in this time of silent prayer let us give ourselves permission to pause, to breathe, to let go just for a moment or two of the demands of our day and simply rest in Him.
At Central this morning we are going to read together this prayer of preparation :
I weave a silence on to my lips….my mind….my heart.
Calm me, O Lord, as you stilled the storm.
Still me, O Lord, keep me from harm.
Let all the tumult within me cease.
Enfold me, Lord, in your peace.
Now listen to some quiet music as we move into the silence, which you may find beneficial:
Matthew Chapter 7, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
We continue with Jesus teaching His disciples on the Mountainside. Eventually, the crowds come up to join them. May God bless us with His teaching and enable us to be the disciples He would have us be, to His praise and glory.
Read Matthew 7:1-2. Q.1. In teaching His disciples, what was the importance of these verses?
Read Matthew 7:3-5. Q. 2. What is Jesus stressing here?
Read Matthew 7:6. Q. 3. What should we do to avoid this happening?
Read Matthew 7:7-12. Q. 4. What is Jesus teaching here, and why is it so important?
Read Matthew 7:13-14. Q. 5. How should this warning affect you and me?
Read Matthew 7:15-20. Q. 6. What is the relationship between prophets and trees all about?
Read Matthew 7:21-23. Q. 7. Why are these verses so important?
Read Matthew 7:24-27. Q. 8. What is the purpose of Jesus in giving this contrasting illustration?
Read Matthew 7:28-29. Q. 9. What strikes you in these closing verses?
Matthew Chapter 5, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
There is a tremendous amount of Jesus’ teaching in this chapter, which will help us in our service to Him in reaching out to others. May His Holy Spirit protect us and bless us in our discipleship.
Read Matthew 5:1-12. Q.1. Who is Jesus teaching and why?
Q.2. Who are the blessed and why should they rejoice?
Read Matthew 5:13-16. Q.3. What is Jesus teaching, regarding salt and light, and how does it apply to us?
Read Matthew 5:17-20. Q.4. What is Jesus stressing in these verses?
Read Matthew 5:21-26. Q.5. What is Jesus’ purpose in this section?
Read Matthew 5:27-30. Q.6. Adultery works both ways. What is Jesus implying here?
Read Matthew 5:31-32. Q.7. How do you understand what Jesus is saying here?
Read Matthew 5:33-37. Q.8. How do you interpret these words?
Read Matthew 5:38-42. Q.9. What is Jesus teaching here?
Read Matthew 5:43-47. Q.10. What is Jesus teaching that is different from the old Law, and why do you think that is?
Matthew Chapters 3 & 4, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
I trust that you will find these two short chapters helpful and encouraging, covering Jesus’ baptism, temptations, the calling of His first disciples and the beginning of His teaching and healing ministry. May the Lord bless us richly.
Read Matthew 3:1-6. Q.1. A new era begins. What’s it all about?
Read Matthew 3:7-12. Q.2. Why did John call the Pharisees and Sadducees ‘a brood of vipers’?
Q.3. What was the purpose of John baptising with water?
Read Matthew 3:13-17. Q.4. Why did John try to deter Jesus from being baptised by him?
Q.5. What effect did Jesus’ baptism have?
Q.6. Why was God so pleased with Jesus?
Read Matthew 4:1-11. Q.7. What is going on here and why?
Read Matthew 4:12-17. Q.8. Why did Jesus go to live in Capernaum?
Q.9. How did Jesus know that the ‘kingdom of heaven’ was near?
Read Matthew 4:18-22. Q.10. Why did these fishermen leave everything to follow Jesus?
Read Matthew 4:23-25. Q.11. What was the good news that so impressed the people?
Matthew Chapters 1 & 2, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
May our ‘Father God’ bless us, as we explore the ‘Gospel of Matthew’ in the coming months. I pray that the Holy Spirit will encourage and build us up in our discipleship, so that we may be better prepared to serve our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, as His disciples in today’s world.
Read Matthew 1:1-17. Q. 1. How many generations are there between Abraham and Jesus?
Read Matthew 1:18-19. Q. 2. Why did Joseph decide to divorce Mary quietly?
Read Matthew 1:20-25. Q. 3. What is Matthew really telling us here?
Read Matthew 2:1-6. Q. 4. Why were Herod and the Jews so disturbed by the Magi’s question in verse 2?
Q. 5. Why did the chief priests etc. say: “In Bethlehem in Judea”?
Read Matthew 2:7-12. Q. 6. Why did the Magi present baby Jesus with such expensive gifts?
Q. 7. What effect did the dream have on the Magi and why?
Read Matthew 2:13-18. Q. 8. What was the purpose of the Lord appearing to Joseph in this dream?
Q. 9. What effect did their fleeing to Egypt have?
Read Matthew 2:19-23. Q.10. Joseph had yet another dream, what was it about?
Q. 11. Why did he go to live in Nazareth?
A challenge for next time!
Q. 12. How many generations were there between Adam and Jesus?
(The first few chapters of Geneses might help)
1 & 2 Samuel Session 5
Today we look at Chapters 5 to 7 Verse 1. I trust you will be inspired by what you read and be truly blessed.
(Read 1 Samuel 5:1-5)
Exercise: What do you think was happening here?
Ashdod was one of the five major cities of the Philistines, situated near the Mediterranean coast, approximately 35 miles west of Jerusalem. This was where the ark was taken to Dagon’s temple.
According to the N.I.V. Study Bible, page 376: “Dagon. In Canaanite mythology the son (or brother) of El and the father of Baal. He was the principal god of the Philistines and was worshipped in temples at Gaza (Judges 16:21, 23, 26), Ashdod (here) and Beth Shan 31:10-12; 1 Ch. 10:10). Veneration of this deity was widespread in the ancient world, extending from Mesopotamia to the Aramean and Canaanite area and attested in non-biblical sources dating from the late third millennium B.C. until Maccabean times (second century B. C.)” ... “The precise nature of the worship of Dagon is obscure. Some have considered Dagon to be a fish god, but some more recent evidence suggests either storm or grain god. His name is related to a Hebrew word for “grain”. (End of quote)
Harry Mowvley, 1 & 2 Samuel, The People’s Bible Commentary, page 38, writes: “How the writer must have enjoyed telling this story! The Philistines certainly got more than they bargained for. If they were afraid when the Israelites took the Ark into battle, these subsequent events terrified them. We may wonder, of course, how the writer or anyone else in Israel came to know what happened in the Philistine cities. To ask the question, however, is to miss the point of the story, which was intended to show the superiority of the Lord over other gods. (End of quote)
The Philistines thought that their god, Dagon, had given them victory over the Israelites. So they placed the Ark as a war trophy in the temple at Dagon’s feet; however they soon discover that Dagon is not in the same class as Israel’s God. Israel’s God is not a man-made idol but the ‘Living God’. Nothing can compare with Him. “Then they carried the ark into Dagon’s temple and set it beside Dagon. When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, there was Dagon fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! They took Dagon and put him back in his place. But the following morning when they rose, there was Dagon, fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! His head and his hands had been broken off and were lying on the threshold; only his body remained.” (Verses 2-5). The threshold became taboo because it had been in direct contact with the idol, which is why the priests of Dagon, or anyone entering the temple, avoid treading on the threshold today.
(Read 1 Samuel 5:6-12)
Exercise: What do you think this passage is all about?
Here the God of Israel takes revenge, as He brings devastation upon the people of Ashdod, afflicting them with an epidemic of tumours. After a while the people of Ashdod realize that this was the hand of Israel’s God. They remember that Dagon, their god, had lost both his head and his hands on the threshold of the temple. Realising that the God of Israel cannot be manipulated they believe that the only solution is to get rid of the Ark. The ark of the god of Israel must not stay here with us, because his hand is heavy upon us and upon Dagon our god.” (v. 7). Israel’s God demonstrates His power even further by an outbreak of tumours. Apparently according to the Septuagint and Vulgate (Hebrew scriptures) as well as tumours, ‘rats appeared in their land, and
1 & 2 Samuel Session 5, cont.
death and destruction were throughout the city.’ So the rulers of their five cities meet to discuss what can be done. What can they do with the ark of the God of Israel? They decide to move the
Ark. “Have the ark of the god of Israel moved to Gath. So they moved the ark of the God of Israel.” (v. 8b). Only to discover that the people of Gath, both young and old, suffer from the same plague of tumours also. Because of this they send the ark to Ekron. The people of Ekron cry out: “They have brought the ark of the god of Israel round to us to kill us and our people.” So the Philistine rulers, in their panic decide to send the Ark of the God of Israel back to its rightful place. The whole episode reveals that the God of Israel was and is superior to any other god.
Mowvely, page 39, writes: “We may have our doubts about a god who afflicts people with a plague of haemorrhoids to show his power. Such a view of God needs to be modified in the light of the New Testament with its stories of Jesus. Yet this story is intended to give us confidence in God who can never be defeated, can never be captured or caged, but whose universal authority and power are to be celebrated.” (End of quote)
(Read 1 Samuel 6:1-12)
Exercise: What do we learn from these verses?
The Ark of the Lord’s presence has been in the possession of the Philistines for seven months, causing great devastation among them. The people have had enough and the religious leaders and diviners decide that the time has arrived for the Ark to be returned to its rightful place. However, they do it in a way that will reveal whether, in their minds, Israel’s God is responsible for the disasters brought upon them. In the light of this, their leaders decide that if they return the ark of the God of Israel, they cannot send it away empty, but must send a guilt offering to Israel’s God.
This discussion takes place in verses 3-4.
Their decision is made: They will send “Five gold tumours and five gold rats, according to the number of the Philistine rulers.” Their hope is that the God of Israel will abandon his punishment and heal their land. So what do they do? They get a new cart and prepare it for the task in hand. Verse 7 reads: “Now then, get a new cart ready, with two cows that have calved and have never been yoked. Hitch the cows to the cart, but take their calves away and pen them up.” These cows
have not been trained for the yoke, so it is very unlikely that they will pull together. Their calves have just been taken from them, so they would want to stay with their calves! Yet with the golden images on board, the two cows respond, unexpectedly, like an experienced team of oxen and head straight for the border towards Beth Shemesh, just inside Israelite territory and just a few miles south-east of Ekron. This was not what the Philistine leaders had in mind.
Mowvely, page 41, says: “If the cows took it back there it would confirm that the epidemic and the plague had been caused by Israel’s God. If not, then it would be put down to an accident or coincidence. The advice was followed; the Ark returned to Beth-Shemesh, so proving that the Lord had been responsible for the defeat of Dagon and for the plague. Later on, the story of the Ark will be taken further (2 Samuel 6) and we shall see again the need to take extreme care because of its sacred nature.” (End of quote)
In a way the treatment of the Philistines seems far removed from the view of God as revealed by and through Jesus Christ.; however, we will keep coming across the fact that the Old Testament view of God is different, in some respects, from that of the New Testament.
(Read 1 Samuel 6:13-7:1)
I suppose one would have expected the Ark to have been taken back to Shiloh, instead of Beth-Shemesh. It is springtime when it is returned. We are not given the reason why, perhaps Shiloh
1 & 2 Samuel Session 5, cont.
had fallen into the hands of the Philistines. We hear nothing more, concerning Shiloh as a national meeting place for the time being.
Exercise: What do you make of these closing verses of chapter 6?
In The New Bible Commentary, Third Edition, page 289, we read: “In spite of the understandable Israelite joy to see the ark returned-a real boost to Israelite morale- events soon made it clear that the ark was not to be trifled with. Symbol of the divine presence, it was holy and therefore dangerous (a common concept in the ancient world); W. McKane has suggested that the distinctive concept expressed here is that the ark was equally dangerous to Israelite laymen (as opposed to the Priesthood) as it was to the Philistines. ... All was well while the Levites (v. 15) handled it, but casual curiosity was punished (v. 19). God’s presence among His people commands both reverent awe and also joy in His salvation. (End of quote)
Verse 19 reads as follows: But God struck down some of the men of Beth-Shemesh, putting seventy of them to death because they had looked into the ark of the Lord. The people mourned because of the heavy blow the Lord had dealt them.”
The Ark is dealt with in an entirely proper manner. The cart was broken up and used as fuel for the sacrifice on a stone in a field. The cows were offered as a burnt offering, although it was more usual to offer bulls. The Ark itself was handled by some Levites who lived there and were allowed to unload the Ark from the cart. Mowvley, page 42, writes: “Verse 17 explains what the situation was in the writers own day. It suggests that they remained with the Ark and were known to have been with it when it was presumably carried off into Babylon in 587 B.C. The stone, still there in the writer’s day, marked the spot where the Ark had stood and the sacrifice had been offered.
The Philistines had followed to see what happened. When they were satisfied by what they saw they returned home, doubtless glad to be rid of the dangerous Ark (v. 16). (End of quote).
The Ark remains at Kiriath Jearim guarded by Eleazar who has been consecrated for that purpose.
One important thing we can learn from this is not to approach God casually, although He welcomes our approach. We need to come to Him humbly and with proper respect. After all, He is the ‘Holiest in the height’, and we must bow before Him.
We use Reginald Herber’s hymn, 7 in Hymns & Psalms, as our closing prayer:
Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty! Early in the morning our song shall rise to thee:
Holy, holy, holy, merciful and mighty, God in Three Persons, blessed Trinity!
Holy, holy, holy! All the saints adore thee, casting down their golden crowns around the glassy sea;
Cherubim and seraphim falling down before thee, who wert, and art, and ever more shalt be.
Holy, holy, holy! Though the darkness hide thee, though the eye of sinful man thy glory may not see,
Only thou art holy; there is none beside thee, perfect in power, in love, and purity.
Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty! All thy works shall praise thy name in earth and sky and sea;
Holy, holy, holy, merciful and mighty, God in Three Persons, blessed Trinity!
1 & 2 Samuel Session 4
Welcome to Session 4 of our study on Samuel. I hope and trust you will find it beneficial. It reveals the understanding of God the people of that day had. May the good Lord bless you and His Spirit guide you as you study His word.
(Read 1 Samuel 4:1-11)
Exercise: What are the main points that strike you in these verses and why?
So Samuel’s word comes to all Israel. Everyone is included. They prepare to go out to fight against the Philistines, camping at Ebenezer. Ebenezer means: ‘stone of help’. (The precise location of the place Ebenezer is unknown; not to be confused with the location of the stone named ‘Ebenezer’ that Samuel erected between Mizpah and Shen, to commemorate the victory over the Philistines in chapter 7:12). ‘Aphek’ is a town about 12 miles north east of the coastal city of Joppa.
Harry Mowvely in his ‘The People’s Bible Commentary’ 1 & 2 Samuel, page 34, writes: “The Philistines had invaded the land of Canaan by sea, coming from Crete. They had intended to settle in Egypt but had been repelled by the Egyptians, so instead they settled on the coastal strip in the south-west of Canaan (the modern Gaza Strip). They were more advanced militarily than those nations which had attacked Israel during the earlier part of the period of the Judges, and their intention was to take possession of the whole land. In fact, they gave their name to the land, for ‘Palestine’ is derived from the word ‘Philistine’. They were to be the main enemies of Israel for many years. (End of quote).
The Ark (Exodus 25-27) was Israel’s most treasured possession (Read Exodus 25:10-22). It was the focal point of the tabernacle. Inside a copy of the Law was kept, its lid was the ‘mercy seat’, a symbol of the presence of God. After the defeat by the Philistines, we read in 1 Samuel 4:3: “When the soldiers returned to camp, the elders of Israel asked, “Why did the Lord bring defeat upon us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the Lord’s covenant from Shiloh, so that it may go with us and save us from the hand of our enemies.” The nation now wants to use the ark as a talisman, the ultimate protection against the Philistines. As we see from our reading, the result is a total disaster. The Israelites are defeated and the ark is in enemy hands.
The very fact that Aphek, which lay due west of Shiloh, on the edge of the coastal plain, indicates that the Philistine army were making inroads into the hill country, having fully mastered the plain. The Israelites, try as they did to drive them out, were routed. Although the Israelites recognised that God was responsible for their defeat, they considered the physical presence of the ark, which they viewed as God’s throne, must inevitably bring them victory. After all He was ‘the Lord of hosts’, therefore His presence at the battle would bring them victory.
However, the elders understood that their defeat was more of an indication of God’s displeasure than it was of the military might of the Philistine army. The pagan neighbours of Israel also believed that the outcome of the battle was decided by the gods: “When they heard that the ark of the Lord had come into the camp, the Philistines were afraid. “A god has come into the camp,” they said. “We’re in trouble! Nothing like this has happened before. Woe to us! Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? They are the gods who struck the Egyptians with all kind of plagues in the desert.” (vv.6b-8). The Philistines, however, pluck up courage and go into battle. “Be strong, Philistines! Be men or you will be subject to the Hebrews, as they have been to you. Be men and fight!”
It is not altogether clear who began this war. Most likely it was the Israelites who were anxious to stop the Philistines from encroaching further on their land. So, in an attempt to secure the Lord’s
1 & 2 Samuel Session 4 cont.
presence with them the elders of Israel send for the ‘ark of the covenant’, believing that if the ark of God’s presence was with them in battle, victory would be assured. Unfortunately, the Israelites believed, incorrectly, that the Lord’s presence was with the ark come what may, rather than realize much depended on their faithfulness to Him. Although the ark was a symbol of God’s presence, His favour was not automatically gained by manipulation.
Exercise: Illustrate ways in which people might try to manipulate God today.
Harry Mowvley, page 34, writes: “The first clash resulted in an overwhelming victory for the more powerful Philistines. A ‘thousand’ is a military unit, not a precise number. For the Israelites the defeat raised a question, ‘Why?’ Since the Lord had promised this land to them and had brought them into it, he was expected to give his people victory over anyone who sought to rob them of it. Did the writer see the defeat as a punishment for the wrongs done by Hophni and Phinehas? Was this the ‘something to make the ears tingle’ threatened by Samuel in 3:11? The elders of Israel saw it differently: it was because they had not taken the Ark into battle with them. It is noticeable that Samuel is not mentioned in all this. Hophni and Phinehas were still in charge of the shrine at Shiloh, attending the Ark. Obviously Samuel had not yet gained any authority there and probably could not do so until the two priests were dead.” (End of quote)
Originally the Ark was a wooden box carried on wooden poles and represented the presence of God, because the Israelites had been forbidden to make any image of their God (See Exodus 20:4).It was understood to be His throne on which He was seated, so wherever the Ark went their God was understood by them to be there. Mowvely reminds us that during the journey through the wilderness, that whenever the Ark was lifted up to go on the next journey, the people would cry, ‘Arise, O Lord,’ Then when it settled down overnight: ‘Return O Lord’ (See Numbers 10:35-36). Later it was placed in the Holy of Holies in the temple at Jerusalem, and embellished with gold. So it is understandable that the presence of the Ark on the battlefield encouraged the Israelites; but worried the Philistines.
In Matthew Henry’s Commentary On The Whole Bible, page 287, we read: “Israel was smitten, the army dispersed and totally routed. 1. Though they had the better cause, were the people of God, yet they had failed of success, for their rock had sold them. A good cause often suffers for the sake of the bad men that undertake it. 2. Though they had the greater confidence, and were the more courageous. The ark in the camp will add nothing to its strength when there is an Achan in it.
II. The ark itself was taken by the Philistines; and Hophni and Phinehas were both slain, v11. The slaughter of the priests, considering their bad character, was no great loss to Israel, but it was a dreadful judgement upon the house of Eli. The word which God had spoken was fulfilled in it (ch.2:34). But, 2. The taking of the ark, was a very great judgement on Israel, and a certain token of God’s hot displeasure against them. Now they are made to see their folly in trusting to their external privileges when they had by their wickedness forfeited them, and fancying that the ark would save them when God had departed from them.” (End of quote)
(Read 1 Samuel 4:12-22)
Although neither the hopes of the Israelites, nor the fear of the Philistines were fulfilled, in spite of the presence of the Ark, the Israelites sustained huge losses; whereas the Philistine had a tremendous, if unexpected victory, as well as the capture of the Ark itself.
Mowvely, page 36, writes: “The main focus of the story is not on the battle but on the Ark. Eli was already anxious about it. Had he perhaps questioned the wisdom of taking it in the first place? Even if he had, he would have had little say about it, for his sons were in complete control. It is a sad picture, with the messenger running into Shiloh in mourning but unseen by Eli because of his
1 & 2 Samuel Session 4 cont.
blindness. It was only when he asked the cause of the people’s agitation that the messenger reported events to him. He did so in a slightly different order from verses 10 and 11. He saved the news that the Ark had been captured until the end and it was this, rather than the news of the defeat or of his sons’ death that caused Eli to fall over backwards and break his neck. Already old and blind, this was the last straw.” (End of quote)
Eli’s tragic death marked the end of an era which began with the death of Joshua and the elders who serve with him (Joshua 24:29, 31) Unable to restrain Israel or his sons from their wicked ways. Weakened and blind in his old age, poor Eli is an apt symbol of the flawed age now drawing to its close. Not only was Eli’s fall fatal, it also links his death with the judgement announced earlier in 1 Samuel 2:29-30: “Why do you scorn my sacrifice and offering that I prescribed for my dwelling? Why do you honour your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel? Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel declares: ‘I promise that your house and your father’s house would minister before me forever.’ But now the Lord declares: ‘Far be it from me! Those who honour me I will honour, but those who despise me will be disdained.” Sadly, that time had now arrived.
Exercise : What lessons can we learn from this?
God cannot and will not be manipulated by human beings. The Israelites had planned their course of action and only when things went wrong did they seek to bring God into the situation, but on their own terms. God was, in that sense, being used. The people He loved were trying to take advantage of Him. The result of which, they would now have to suffer the consequences.
Mowvely, page 37, writes: “The news affected Eli’s daughter-in-law, causing her to go into labour (v. 19). This time the first item of news was about the capture of the Ark, followed by the news of the death of her father-in-law and her husband. She died giving birth but before she did so she named her son Ichabod (v. 21). The name is made up of two parts. ‘Chabod’ means ‘glory’ and this is preceded by a small and rare word meaning ‘not’. So literally the name means ‘glory is not’. The explanation of the name which is given, ‘the glory is departed’, uses the word which was commonly used to denote exile–the glory has gone into exile. Since this book was written during the exile in Babylon, the word would have special resonance for its readers. This time God and people are separated by the people taken into exile. Glory may be best defined as ’that much of God’s holiness as humans are able to see’. So it was not just a symbolic object which had been carried off. It was as though the God who had appeared to them on Mount Sinai in his holiness (Exodus 19) and the God who had spoken face to face with Moses so that his face shone (Exodus 33 and 34) had been taken from them, leaving them totally deserted.” (End of quote)
We use James Montgomery’s hymn, 659 Hymns & Psalms, as a prayer to close:
This stone to thee in faith we lay; we build the temple, Lord, to thee:
Thine eye be open, night and day, to guard this house and sanctuary.
Here, when thy people seek thy face, and dying sinners pray to live,
Hear thou, in heaven thy dwelling-place, and when thou hearest, O forgive!
Here, when thy messengers proclaim the blessed gospel of thy Son,
Still, by the power of his great name, be mighty signs and wonders done.
But will the eternal Father deign here to abide, no transient guest?
Will here the world’s Redeemer reign, and here the Holy Spirit rest?
That glory never hence depart! Yet choose not, Lord, this house alone;
Thy kingdom come to every heart: In all the world be thine the throne.
1 & 2 Samuel Session 3
Welcome to our third session of 1 & 2 Samuel. Here things begin to unfold, as the Lord reveals Himself to young Samuel who is under Eli, the priest’s, care. May the Lord inspire you and bless you as you progress through this study.
(Read 1 Samuel 3:1-10)
Exercise: What was your experience of God speaking to you for the first time?
Chapter 3 opens with the following: “The boy Samuel ministered before the Lord under Eli. In those days the word of the Lord was rare; there were not many visions.” The Jewish historian Josephus places Samuel’s age at twelve years; he may have been a little older but was no longer a little child. One noticeable point is: “the word of the Lord was rare”. Because it was rare, it was precious! Matthew Henry, in his Commentary, page 286, writes: “It was precious, for what there was (it seems) was private: There was no open vision. Perhaps the impiety and impurity that prevailed in the tabernacle, and no doubt corrupted the whole nation, had provoked God, as a token of his displeasure, to withdraw the spirit of prophecy.” (End of quote)
So it is in the early hours, before dawn, when the oil of the lamp would run out, while he is on duty near the ark, inside the tabernacle, that Samuel hears the voice of God for the first time. Eli, who was almost blind, was in bed. Samuel thinks it is Eli calling to him. Knowing Eli is almost blind Samuel goes to him. It was obviously dark because: “The lamp of God had not yet gone out,” (V. 3). The lamp of God, stood next to the table of the ‘Bread of the Presence’ in the Holy Place.
This particular account is probably one of the best-known in the Old Testament, which is pretty straightforward, needing little explanation. (One I remember from Sunday-School days). Harry Mowvley, ’The People’s Bible Commentary’ on 1 & 2 Samuel’, page 32, writes: “Words and visions belong together as the ways in which God communicated with his people, especially through his prophets. The book of Isaiah opens with the statement that this was the ‘word’ which Isaiah ‘saw’. It doesn’t mean that God was not wishing to reveal himself to his people; rather it means that there were few people who were able to receive his revelation. They were deaf to his voice and blind to his presence. People like the ‘man of God’ in the previous chapter were few and far between.” (End of quote)
Exodus 27:20-21 (NIV), reads as follows: “Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning. In the Tent of Meeting, outside the curtain that is in front of the Testimony, Aaron and his sons are to keep the lamps burning before the Lord from evening until morning. This is to be a lasting ordinance among the Israelites for generations to come.” This practice was also followed at Shiloh. We read in 1 Samuel 3:3: “The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was.”
So we are in a situation where Eli, who was getting old and losing his sight rather rapidly, it would seem, and is relying heavily on Samuel. Whilst one might have a lot of sympathy for Eli, who has done little wrong; although sadly, he has failed to discipline his sons, Hophni and Phinehas, when they committed the sins described in chapter 2. So poor Eli, must share in the judgement that would fall on his whole family.
So Samuel goes to sleep, not far from Eli’s room. He is ready to answer Eli’s call, should the old man need him. Samuel is awakened as he hears a voice calling his name. Not realizing that it was the Lord calling him and thinking it is Eli wanting him for something, he answers “Here am I.” and in his readiness to help he runs to Eli, he says (verse 5) “Here I am; you called me.” He didn’t
1 & 2 Samuel Session 3, Cont.
realize that the call he thought was Eli’s, was actually the call of God. This happened twice more and each time Eli told young Samuel that he did not call and to go back and lie down. After hearing the voice calling him the third time Samuel must have thought he was going crazy, but he knew somebody was calling him. Eli, however, “realised that the Lord was calling the boy. (V. 8b). “So Eli told Samuel, “Go and lie down, and if he calls you, say, ‘Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.’“ Samuel does what Eli says and goes to lie down. In verse 10, we read: “The Lord came and stood there, calling as at other times, “Samuel! Samuel!” Then Samuel said, “Speak, for your servant is listening.”
Exercise: What have these verses taught you?
(Read 1 Samuel 3:11-14)
The message to Samuel is short and it is a sad message. It ratifies the message delivered by the ‘man of God’ in chapter 2. To refresh our memories we read again chapter 2:27-36. This is the punishment that the house of Eli would receive. What a shock it must have been for young Samuel! How could he possibly tell poor Eli?
This all happened during the early hours, before the oil of the lamp ran out, while young Samuel was on duty inside the tabernacle, near the ark. It is the first time that Samuel hears God speak and, sadly, it is a message of judgement for Eli, his sons and descendants.
The hymn 523, from Hymns & Psalms, composed by James Drummond Burns, comes to mind:
HUSHED was the evening hymn, the temple courts were dark,
The lamp was burning dim before the sacred ark,
When suddenly a voice divine rang through the silence of the shrine.
The old man, meek and mild, the priest of Israel, slept;
His watch the temple child, the little Levite, kept;
And what from Eli’s sense was sealed the Lord to Hannah’s son revealed.
Harry Mowvley, in ‘The People’s Bible Commentary’ 1 & 2 Samuel’, pages 32-33, writes: “We have already seen that Eli was losing his sight as he grew older. This is meant quite literally but is there not also a suggestion that he was blind to God’s presence and unable to see visions? We are bound to feel some sympathy for Eli. He himself seems to have done little wrong except that he failed to discipline his sons when they committed the sins described in chapter 2. However, to that extent he also was guilty and must share in the judgement which would fall on his whole family.
God’s voice is not always easily recognized and sometimes it takes a person with experience to make known what he is saying. It was Eli’s experience which enabled him, in spite of his failings, to recognize what was happening when God called to Samuel. He was not afraid to hear the truth, unpleasant though it was. He could only accept the judgement and take his punishment.” (End of quote)
(Read 1 Samuel 3:15-18)
Exercise: How would you feel if you had been entrusted with such a message?
As we might say: ‘Samuel was worried sick’, and understandably so. Eli was an old man and failing in health, this could have a devastating effect on him. So “Samuel lay down until morning and then opened the doors of the house of the Lord.” (By this time the Tabernacle was no longer a mere tent, but had been replaced by a substantial building) No doubt he lay awake pondering what he had heard, “afraid to tell Eli the vision.”
1 & 2 Samuel Session 3, Cont.
Mathew Henry, in his ‘Commentary On The Whole Bible’, pages 286-287, writes: “God had highly honoured him above all the children of his people, yet he was not proud of the honour, but, as cheerfully as ever, went and opened the doors of the Tabernacle. He feared to show Eli the vision, because he was afraid to grieve and trouble the good old man. Eli’s careful enquiry into it v. 16, 17. As soon as ever he heard Samuel’s stirring he called for him, probably to his bedside. He had reason enough to fear that the message prophesied no good concerning him, but evil; and yet, because it was a message from God, he could not contentedly be ignorant of it. A good man desires to be acquainted with the will of God, whether it make for him or against him.” (End of quote)
Eli’s reply in v. 18 is: “He is the Lord; let him do what is good in his eyes.”
In conclusion, Harry Mowvley, page 33, writes: “later Samuel seems to combine the two roles. Moreover, as is often the case with prophets, he was given a distasteful message to pass on and was reluctant to do so. The message was intended not for the people in general but for Eli and his family. It was a threat of punishment for Eli’s weakness and for his sons’ misconduct with the sacrifices.” (Then, regarding Samuel’s future) “The closing verses, of course, simply sum up the period of Samuel’s youth and young manhood. He was highly respected as one who faithfully passed on the message God had for his people. All this prepares us for the events which follow later.” (End of quote)
(Read 1 Samuel 3:19-21)
From these verses we discover that Samuel became one of the greatest prophets of all time throughout Israel and the surrounding area. Verse 21 reads: “The Lord continued to at Shiloh, and there he revealed himself to Samuel through his word.” (and indeed, to us today!)
Exercise: In what ways has this study helped you?
We use the remaining verses of 523 as our closing prayer:
O give me Samuel’s ear, the open ear, O Lord,
Alive and quick to hear each whisper of thy word;
Like him to answer at thy call, and to obey thee first of all.
O give me Samuel’s heart, a lowly heart that waits
Where in thy house thou art or watches at thy gates
By day and night - a heart that still moves at the breathing of thy will.
O give me Samuel’s mind, a sweet unmurmuring faith,
Obedient and resigned to thee in life and death,
That I may read with childlike eyes truths that are hidden from the wise.
1 & 2 Samuel Session 2
Welcome to Session 2 of 1 & 2 Samuel which covers the early years of the boy Samuel’s life, as well as Hannah’s prayer, which is really a song of praise to God. I trust you will be blest as you continue this study.
(Read 1 Samuel 2:1-11)
Harry Mowvley, in his book on ‘1 & 2 Samuel, The People’s Bible Commentary’, page 26, writes: “What this story requires here is a song of thanksgiving from Hannah. The birth of a baby usually an occasion for expressing joy and giving thanks, especially if the parents have longed for a child over a period of time. The joy can still be seen on the faces of those mothers who thought they could never have a baby but have been able to do so by fertility treatment or some other technological means. For them it is a ‘miracle’. So it was for Hannah and it was right that she should show her happiness and thanks in a song. (End of quote).
Exercise: It has been suggested that what we know as ‘Hannah’s Prayer’, in the above verses, was actually a psalm sung in those days, although it is not found in the Book of Psalms. What do you think and why?
Verses 1-10, are also known as ‘Hannah’s Song of Thanksgiving’. In the small mirror of her own experience, Hannah sees a reflection of all the wonder of God’s character. God has heard her prayer; Eli has blest her, her fortunes are reversed. The taunts of Penninah are no more. She rejoices in the joy, honour, and delight of God’s gift of a son: “My heart rejoices in the Lord; in the Lord my horn (that is strength) is lifted high. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. There is no-one holy like the Lord; there is no-one besides you; there is no Rock like our God.” (vv. 1b-2). It is interesting to note that Hannah’s song of praise and thanksgiving is echoed by Mary, who was to be the mother of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, on her visit to her Aunt Elizabeth in the New Testament. (Read Luke 1:46-55). With Mary, however, her son was not to be a prophet like Samuel but the long awaited Messiah, the ‘’Anointed One’ who would redeem mankind.
In the New Bible Commentary Third Edition, page 287, we read:”The song of Hannah. Hannah’s song is denied to her by most commentators, chiefly because of the specific reference to a king (v. 10). The song is not irrelevant to the situation, however: Israel had its adversaries, and God’s agent in deliverance would be His anointed. We may therefore think of Hannah as specially inspired to see that Samuel’s career would lead to Israel’s salvation from the Philistine threat. (End of quote)
In verses 6-8, Hannah declares that life and death, prosperity and adversity, are determined by the sovereign power of God. “The Lord brings death and makes alive; he brings down to the grave and raises up. The Lord sends poverty and wealth; he humbles and exalts. He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap; he seats them with princes and has them inherit a throne of honour. For the foundations of the earth are the Lord’s; upon them he has set the world.” To Hannah the birth of a child is not something achieved by human activity alone; it is a gift from God. By the end of Hannah’s song, she has clearly gone beyond her situation to a more general song in praise of the Lord’s power. Even the king (NIV) is dependent on it (v. 10). There wasn’t a king in Hannah’s day; however, her son, Samuel, would later anoint Saul as their first king.
When the religious sacrifices have been offered and their worship complete, Elkanah and the family return to their home in Ramah. The young lad Samuel is left under the care of Eli the priest to be trained in the ways of the Lord. Hannah has fulfilled her vow to the Lord, although it must have been painful for her to leave him behind.
1 & 2 Samuel Session 2 Cont.
(Read 1 Samuel 2:12-17)
Exercise: Why were Eli’s sons wicked men?
The priests were entitled to a share in the sacrificial offerings (See Deuteronomy 18:1-5). Sadly what is going on here is a travesty of the law. Eli’s sons seize the best bits before the offering has been given to God. One has a lot of sympathy for Eli, who has given his life in service at the shrine in Shiloh. He was now growing old and was hoping that his two sons would continue his work as priests. Sadly they both proved to be disappointments. Not only had they let their father down, more importantly, they had let God, whom their Father worshipped, down. “Eli’s sons were wicked men; they had no regard for the Lord.” (V.12). They had turned out to be scoundrels, seeking only their own interest.
Harry Mowvley, page 28, writes:”Their position as priests should have been regarded as a great privilege. Priests were there to enable people to meet with God. They were responsible for teaching the Law and so helping people to live their lives according to the will of God. They were also responsible for making sacrifices on behalf of people or else supervising them. They therefore stood between God and the people, representing each to the other. They were not a barrier separating God from the people, but a link joining them together. To take advantage of that situation was therefore a terrible thing. It amounted to misuse of their privilege. ... Certainly some sacrifices were burnt whole on the altar, but others were part-burned and the rest eaten by the worshipper and his family. The peace-offering described in Leviticus 3 is of this kind and this seems to be in mind here. Two parts of the procedure are mentioned: In verses 13-14 the meat was boiled and the priest’s servant plunged a fork into the pot. Whatever he brought out was for the priests. ... Certainly what follows in verses 15-16 was malpractice.
In any sacrifice the blood and fat were regarded as God’s. The blood represented the life of the animal (Leviticus 17:14), and so belonged to God already. It was not offered on the altar but was sprinkled round it. The fat was burned along with certain parts of the meat and only then could the communal meal take place. At this time at Shiloh the priests sent their servants to demand the meat while it was still raw and before the fat had been burned on the altar. Eli’s sons wanted it raw so they could roast it, presumably using the fat, rather than make do with boiled meat. Since this was contrary to correct practice, the offerer might object, but he was then threatened. If he did not hand over the meat, the servant took it by force. (End of quote)
(Read 1 Samuel 2:18-26)
Exercise: What do we learn from these verses?
Here we begin to see a sharp contrast between Samuel and the sons of Eli. The linen ephod, that Samuel was wearing, as he was ministering before the Lord, was a priestly garment worn by those who served the Lord at His sanctuary. It was a close-fitting, sleeveless tunic usually at hip length, but different from the special ephod worn by the high priest. Whenever Hannah and Elkanah visited Shiloh, to offer the annual sacrifice, Hannah would bring for Samuel a little robe that she had made for him. It was sleeveless, reaching to the knees, worn over the undergarment and under the ephod.
On each visit, “Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, saying, ‘May the Lord give you children by this woman to take the place of the one she prayed for and gave to the Lord.” (v. 20). Hannah was blest with three more sons and two daughters. Then, at the end of verse 21, there is almost a ‘throw-away’ remark: “Meanwhile, the boy Samuel grew up in the presence of the Lord.” We will discover how important those words proved to be as we progress in our studies.
1 & 2 Samuel Session 2 Cont.
In the last of these verses we see that Eli is ageing. Hophni and Phinehas, his two sons are bringing, amongst other things, prostitution into the worship of God, in the worst traditions of the Canaanite religion. These sons of his, on his death, will take on his role. All poor Eli can do is plead and reason with them. In no way do they listen to their father, now death awaits them as a punishment from God.
(Read 1 Samuel 2:27-36)
In this passage we have a prophecy concerning the priesthood. The prophecy is quite comprehensive. Not only does it predict the death of Eli’s sons, but also the succession of Samuel to Eli himself, and also the rise of the line of Zadok the priest. God is just, and persistence in sin can only bring retribution. In contrast to Hophni and Phinehas falling out of favour with God, which would bring severe judgment because they abused their priestly priviledge; Samuel was gaining favour with both God and the people.
Harry Mowvley, page 31, writes: “What follows in verses 35-36 does not seem to fit the immediate context. The founder of a ‘house’ or dynasty cannot refer to Samuel for there is no record of his sons following him as priests. This priest and his sons who ‘went in and out before the anointed one’ seems to refer to Zadok and his descendants who later officiated at the royal sanctuary under David and his successors. The descendants of Eli, the Levites would beg from them. Although he was dealing with events at Shiloh, the writer seems to have had at the back of his mind the later situation in the priesthood when the Levites were reduced to a secondary position, responsible for teaching the Law and for the temple songs, but not for sacrifice. This was reserved for those desended from Zadok the priest appointed by David in Jerusalem (see 1 Chronicles 6). The situation at Shiloh has given the author an opportunity to explain this later situation.
Mowvely goes on to say this about Divine justice:
Sometimes Christians have been tempted to concentrate so much on the love of God that they have forgotten that he is also just. Stories like this in the Old Testament remind us that justice and love are not contradictory. Contempt for God is a serious matter and brings its own consequences which have to be faced. This saves the love from being regarded too sentimentally. (End of quote)
Exercise: How would you describe ‘Divine Justice’ and how does it affect your way of life?
We conclude this Study with a hymn from Hymns & Psalms, number 785, as a prayer.
A CHARGE to keep I have: A God to glorify;
A never-dying soul to save, and fit it for the sky;
To serve the present age, my calling to fulfil;-
O may it all my powers engage to do my Master’s will!
Arm me with jealous care, as in thy sight to live;
And O thy servant, Lord, prepare a strict account to give!
Help meet to watch and pray, and on thyself rely,
So shall I not my trust betray, nor love within me die.
May the Lord Jesus Christ pour out His blessing upon us, as we seek to serve Him in His world today. Every blessing in Christ,
Luke Chapter 23, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Luke 22 is not an easy chapter, because there is so much happening in the last hours before Jesus’ death. However, I’m sure the good Lord will bless us in abundance by His Spirit in our study of this chapter.
Read Luke 23:1-5. Q.1. What is happening here?
Read Luke 23:6-12. Q.2. Why was Herod so interested in Jesus?
Q.3. What does verse 12 tell you and why?
Read Luke 23:13-25. Q.4. Why do you think the crowd preferred Barabbas to Jesus?
Q.5. Why do you think Pilate granted their demand?
Read Luke 23:26-31. Q.6. Why was Simon chosen to carry Jesus’ cross?
Q.7. What are verses 28-31 about?
Read Luke 23:32-43. Q.8. What does one discover in this section?
Read Luke 23:44-46. Q.9. What is happening here?
Read Luke 23:47-49. Q.10. Why this reaction by the centurion and all the people?
Read Luke 23:50-56. Q.11. How would you explain Joseph’s action and that of the women?
Luke Chapter 22, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
This particular chapter takes place during the celebration of the Feast of the Passover, celebrated annually in remembrance of the Israelites great escape from Egypt (for more information, see Exodus 12). We know it as ‘The Last Supper’. May the Lord bless and guide us by His Spirit in our study of this great chapter.
Read Luke 22:1-6. Q.1. What stands out to you in this section and why?
Read Luke 22:7-13. Q.2. What strikes you in this section?
Read Luke 22:14-23. Q.3. What did Jesus mean by ‘the new covenant’?
Read Luke 22:24-30. Q.4. What point is Jesus making here?
Q.5. Why does Jesus confer on His disciples a kingdom?
Read Luke 22:31-38. Q.6. What is Jesus’ warning about, and how should we apply it?
Q.7. Jesus’ quote in verse 37 is concerning Isaiah’s prophesy in 53:12, when would it reach its fulfilment?
Read Luke 22:39-46. Q.8. What is this all about?
Read Luke 22:47-53. Q.9. What do these verses tell you?
Read Luke 22:54-62. Q.10. What do these verses fulfil and what can we learn from them?
Read Luke 22:63-71. Q.11. What are the Jewish officials attempting here and why?
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 11
This is our last session taken from the Prophet Isaiah. I hope you will enjoy it, and that you have found the whole series both helpful, inspiring, and faith building. The Lord bless you in your walk with Him, as you seek to serve Him in the world today and in the days ahead.
Alfred Martin, in his book ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah, page 117, puts it beautifully: “IN THE CLOSING CHAPTERS of Isaiah (64-66) there is a mingling of condemnation and glory in a manner to which the careful reader of the book has become accustomed. The great panorama of the second part of the book sweeps before us in its portrayal of deliverance from Babylon as a foretaste of an even greater deliverance; in its description of the Messiah, the Servant of Jehovah, through whom deliverance comes; and in its building up to this climax of the glorious future for the nation of Israel. All the blessing is through the Servant, who is also the Avenger, the Executor of the wrath of God.” Martin goes on to say: “Chapter 64 continues the aspirations of the Godly remnant of Israel; chapter 65 contains the answer of Jehovah to their prayer; and the concluding chapter (66) describes God’s final judgements in the restoration of Israel and vengeance upon the transgressors. There is no suspense in this story for the one who follows it from the beginning; the end is fully known, but each time the story is retold, each time the dominant themes are repeated, there is a new impact on the soul.” (End of quote)
(Read Isaiah 64)
There is a desperate cry in the first verse, where the sky is compared to a tent curtain: “Oh, that you would rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains would tremble before you!” The Almighty will answer the cry from His people in a way that will exceed their wildest dreams. The answer, however, will be two-edged: for those who align themselves against Him, total destruction, the sweeping away of every vestige of evil; but for His faithful ones, life, joy, peace beyond imagining. In a heaven and earth made new. The final prophecies of Isaiah highlight the final destinies of mankind in a sharp contrast of light and darkness.
In chapters 63, from verse 15 to 64:12, we read about God’s forlorn family, mentioned three times over. “But you are our Father, though Abraham does not know us or Israel acknowledge us; you O Lord are our Father, our Redeemer from of old is your name.” (63:16). Also in 64:8: “Yet, O Lord, you are our Father.” This verse goes on to state a fact that the Lord moulded them and brought them into being. They wandered away from Him, disregarded His commands. Now they are sorry for their waywardness, pleading His forgiveness. The verse, along with v. 9 reveals their sorrow, sadness and shame and their longing for His favour to be restored: “We are the clay, you are the potter; we are all the work of your hand. Do not be angry beyond measure, O Lord; do not remember our sins forever. Oh, look upon us we pray, for we are your people.” The last of these phrases makes it clear that God is not to blame for theirs, or our spiritual plight. Sadly, we all wander away sometimes, like undisciplined children, to do our own thing, whatever that might be and we are sorry for it. Thankfully, we have a Saviour in the Lord Jesus Christ, who understands our weakness and is willing to forgive, bring us back into the fold and bless us with His Spirit for future days.
I am reminded of Marilyn Baker’s song, 389 in Mission praise:
Jesus, You are changing me, by Your Spirit You’re making me like You;
Jesus, You’re transforming me, that your loveliness may be seen in all I do.
You are the potter and I am the clay; help me to be willing to let You have Your way;
Jesus, You are changing me as I let You reign supreme within my heart.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 11 cont.
Exercise: Spend some time thinking of times when you drifted away from the Lord, then, thank Him for His forgiving nature.
God’s promise is that He will answer the prayer for His people in such a way that will exceed their wildest dreams. However, the answer will be double-edged, because God cannot overlook evil. For those who align themselves against Him, it will mean total destruction, the sweeping away of every vestige of evil; however, for those who are faithful to Him, it will mean life, joy, and peace beyond imagining in a new heaven and a new earth. So the final prophecies of the prophet Isaiah highlight the contrasting destinies of the human race, in a sharp play of light and darkness.
(Read Isaiah 65)
In The New Bible Commentary Third Edition, pages 623-4, one reads of ‘The great divide’. “Far from ending in a general radiance, these chapters sharpen the contrast of light and darkness, and strip away all cover of privilege. It is an end as searching as that of Revelation and the parables of judgement, pursuing to the last the implications of Isaiah’s inaugural vision (Ch. 6)” (End of quote)
Alfred Martin, pages 118-119, writes: “Somehow those who know God best are most conscious of their own sinfulness. Isaiah himself found this so, as we have seen in chapter 6. Find a man who is self-sufficient, who has no awareness of sin, and you find a man lost and undone and bound for Hell. These who confess their sin in the prophecy know that they cannot base their appeal to God on any merit of their own. They realise that they have no merit. Even their “righteousnesses” are worthless in God’s sight; “filthy rags,” to be cast aside. On what then can they base their appeal? On the only ground that anyone can ever find in any dispensation under any circumstances – on the mercy and grace of God.” (See Isaiah 64:8-9)
We see God’s reply in chapter 65. Here He states the fact of the rebelliousness of Israel and He will punish them for it. However, God has a place reserved for those of humble faith, not only for Israel but for people of all nations. (This we will see in the next chapter). Verse 8 reads:”This is what the Lord says: “As when juice is still found in a cluster of grapes and men say, ‘Don’t destroy it, there is yet some good in it,’ so will I do on behalf of my servants; I will not destroy them all.” Even though the bunch is poor, it still contains some good grapes which are not to be wasted. So it is with the nation of Israel. The simile of the good grapes, in a poor cluster relate to the ‘Remnant’ theme to that of the spoilt vineyard of chapter 5.
Exercise: What is your take on chapter 65:17-25?
These verses speak of ‘New heavens and earth. In The New Bible Commentary, page 624, we read: “The new is portrayed in terms of the old, only without the old sorrows; there is no attempt to describe any other kind of newness. Hence the familiar setting, Jerusalem, and the modest satisfactions, largely the chance to ‘enjoy the work of (one’s) hands’. This allows the most important things to be prominent in the passage: the healing of old ills (v. 17b); joy (vv. 18-19); life (v.20); security (vv. 21-23a); fellowship with God (vv. 23b-24); ... and concord among His creatures (v. 25). (End of quote). I suggest you read the verses quoted in this paragraph.
These verses (17-25) do not mean that God has cast away His people because there is always the remnant. It is the true Israel, the godly tenth that will return. Going back to verses 13-14, we read: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “My servants will eat, but you will go hungry; my servants will drink, but you will go thirsty; my servants will rejoice, but you will be put to shame. My servants will sing out of the joy of their hearts, but you will cry out from anguish of heart and wail in brokenness of spirit.” The chapter closes with further description of kingdom blessings. It will, of course, be a glorious day when these words are fulfilled: “They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain,” says the Lord.”
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 11, cont.
The closing chapter 66, is about ‘Judgement and Hope’. The opening verses are actually quoted by Stephen as he testifies before the Jewish Council in Acts 7:49-50: “Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. What kind of house will you build for me? says the Lord. Or where will my resting place be? Has not my hand made all these things?” The wording is slightly different, quoted by Isaiah, but the meaning is the same. The only difference is: “Where is the house you will build for me?” (66:1) and Isaiah concludes verse 2 with “and so they came into being? declares the Lord.” Here Stephen as well as Isaiah declares the truth of God’s omnipresence. After all He is the creator and sustainer of all that He has made. Even king Solomon realised this when he dedicated the temple to God. (See 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 2:6; 6:18)
(Read Isaiah 66)
Even though the ungodly are warned that because of their continuing in sin, the sacrifices they make at the temple are sinful, they still continue sinning. God’s promise is that he will forgive those who repent. This He promises in verses 12-13: For this is what the Lord says: “I will extend peace to her like a river, and the wealth of nations like a flooding stream; you will be nursed and carried on her arm and dandled on her knees. As a mother comforts her child, so will I comfort you; and you will be comforted over Jerusalem.” So Israel will be restored from the far off places where she has been scattered (see verse 20). The transgressors will receive what is due to them (v. 24). However, the promise to the faithful is: “As the new heavens and the new earth that I make will endure before me,” declares the Lord, “so will your name and descendants endure.” (Verse 22).
The latter part of the final verse gives a rather solemn ending, describing the fate of the lost. Alfred Martin, page 121, writes: “While the emphasis in the prophecy is upon the establishment of the millennial kingdom, there is a brief glimpse of “the new heavens and the new earth” (v. 22), More fully viewed in the New Testament. (End of quote). He is, of course referring to Revelation 21:1, “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea.”
Exercise: What does ‘a new heaven and a new earth’ mean to you and why?
The New Bible Commentary, page 625, reads: “the nations gathered in. On a millennialist view, the Lord’s coming will be followed by the further evangelizing of the world, the full return of Israel, and the establishment of Jerusalem as the world’s capital and centre of pilgrimage. Alternatively one may take this final section to be an epilogue that spans the first and second coming of Christ.
The following hymn, by Horatio Gates Spafford, 757 Complete Mission Praise, speaks of the importance of the peace of the Lord Jesus Christ in our lives:
When peace like a river attendeth my way, when sorrows like sea billows roll;
Whatever my lot You have taught me to say, ‘It is well, it is well with my soul.’
Chorus: It is well with my soul; it is well, it is well with my soul.
Though Satan should buffet, if trials should come, let this blessed assurance control,
That Christ has regarded my helpless estate, and has shed His own blood for my soul.
Chorus: It is well with my soul; it is well, it is well with my soul.
My sin – O the bliss of that glorious thought – my sin – not in part – but the whole
Is nailed to the cross; and I bear it no more; praise the Lord, praise the Lord, O my soul.
Chorus: It is well with my soul; it is well, it is well with my soul.
For me, be it Christ, be it Christ hence to live! If Jordan above me shall roll,
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 11, cont.
No pang shall be mine, for in death as in life You will whisper Your peace to my soul’
Chorus: It is well with my soul; it is well, it is well with my soul.
But Lord, it’s for you – for Your coming we wait, the sky, not the grave, is our goal:
O trump of the angel! O voice of the Lord! Blessed hope! Blessed rest of my soul.
Chorus: It is well with my soul; it is well, it is well with my soul.
So we look forward to what the God has in store for us in His plan of salvation. He loved the world so much “that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.” (John 3:16-17).
Exercise: The question is: Who is on the Lord’s side? Who will serve the King? Who will be His helpers other lives to bring? Who will leave the world’s side? Who will face the foe? Who is on the Lord’s side? Who for him will go?
Are you, am I, prepared to follow wherever He leads?
We use Charles Wesley’s hymn as prayer of dedication (385 C.M.P. or 264 H & P.)
Jesus, the name high over all, in hell, or earth, or sky:
Angels and men before it fall, and devils fear and fly.
Jesus, the name to sinners dear, the name to sinners given;
It scatters all their guilty fear, it turns their hell to heaven.
Jesus, the prisoner’s fetters breaks, and bruises Satan’s head;
Power into strengthless souls He speaks, and life into the dead.
O that the world might taste and see the riches of His grace!
The arms of love that compass me, would all mankind embrace.
His only righteousness I show, His saving grace proclaim:
‘tis all my business here below to cry: ‘Behold the Lamb!’
Happy, if with my latest breath I might but gasp His name:
Preach Him to all, and cry in death: ‘Behold, behold the Lamb!’
May the Lord bless you and keep you, and cause His face to shine upon you, and give you peace.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 10
I hope and trust that you have benefitted somewhat from our studies on ‘The Extracts of Isaiah’, and found them interesting and helpful. We are now drawing near to the end. This session covers chapters 61-63. I pray that the Holy Spirit will bless you as you follow these chapters through.
Alfred Martin in his book ‘The Salvation Of Jehovah Isaiah’, page 110, in chapter 19, gives it the title: ‘THE MINISTRY OF THE MESSIAH’. He goes on to say: “Chapters 61-63 form the heart of this concluding section of Isaiah’s prophecy. In chapter 61 the Messiah’s ministry is described; in chapter 62 the result of that ministry is seen in Israel’s restoration; in chapter 63 the day of vengeance is announced, and the prayer and praise of the believing remnant of the nation are given. (End of quote)
(Read Isaiah 61)
Exercise: What do you think this chapter tells us?
We have here, another song. It is the song of the Lord’s anointed. The term ‘the Servant of the Lord’ is completely absent in this chapter. It also expresses ‘the Year of the Lord’s Favour’. Our Lord saw HIs mission clearly in this song, as clearly as in any of the other songs in the book of Isaiah. In this ‘Spirit-endued’ and ‘anointed one’, we notice a blending of terms that relate to the Servant and the Messianic KIng. “The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me, because the Lord has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favour.” (Isaiah 61:1-2a). The best exposition of these verses was given by the Lord Jesus Christ, Himself, who read this passage in the synagogue at Nazareth, (It may well have been the reading for the day) there He applied it entirely to Himself. (See Luke 4:17-21) “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” The reason our Lord Jesus could quote this passage at the beginning of His ministry, was because He had already accepted in His baptism and temptations the role of the ‘Suffering Servant’, and with it the agony of the cross. These are the benefits of His passion; His miracles speaking the same language.
Here I am reminded of John Bowring’s hymn, 167 Hymns & Psalms:
IN the cross of Christ I glory:
Towering o’er the wrecks of time,
All the light of sacred story
Gathered round its head sublime.
According to the ‘New Bible Commentary, Third Edition’, page 622, “The setting continues to be the captivity, viewed in turn from Babylon (v. 1b) and the ruined Jerusalem (v. 3). To its first hearers the promise would be as literal as the earlier threat of exile (cf. 39:6); but as fulfilled by Jesus (cf. Lk. 4:21) it inaugurated the blessings proclaimed in the beatitudes and elsewhere to the downtrodden.” (End of quote)
Alfred Martin continues: “Sometimes in Isaiah it is hard to know who is speaking. Here at the beginning of chapter (61) the speaker tells us that he has been “anointed.” This is the root from which comes the term Messiah (“the anointed One”). The word anointed is the clue and the New Testament is the proof that the speaker here is none other than the Lord Jesus Christ.”
We see here, as in many other places in the prophets, and as has been mentioned earlier, a blending together of the two advents of the Lord Jesus Christ. The present age between the advents, the age in which we are living, is not the specific subject of the Old Testament prophecy. In fact, Peter tells us that the prophets themselves were perplexed about the seeming
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 10, cont.
contradictions in the predictions concerning the “sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow” (1 Peter 1:11). From observing this we can learn to look for the proper distinction in prophecy. We can see how fulfilled prophecies set the pattern, so to speak, for those prophecies that are yet unfulfilled”. (End of quote)
“The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me, because the Lord has anointed me to preach good news to the poor.” (Isaiah 61:1) Here, in this verse three persons of the Godhead are mentioned in the one brief clause. We have already seen that a number of intimations of the doctrine of the ‘Holy Trinity’, but the full exposition of the doctrine is reserved for the New Testament. There are a number of people, often seen as heroes, in the Old Testament, upon whom the Spirit of God came to prepare them for the specific tasks to which God had called them. None, however, would be blest with the Holy Spirit in such measure as God’s One and Only Son.
Exercise: Can you name some and the specific tasks which God had called them?
Alfred Martin goes on to say: “The Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God and Son of man is the one who has been given the Holy Spirit in all His infinite fullness, for there was no hindrance of any kind at any time in His life. (End of quote). “For the one whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God gives the Spirit without limit. The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in His hands.” (John 3:34-35).
Imagine how the people must have felt, as Jesus read those words from Isaiah’s prophecy, in the synagogue at Nazareth. “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” Could this son of Mary really be the long-awaited Messiah? Surely not! Yet He claimed to be as He opened up the scriptures.
We return to Isaiah 61. Here we read of the various promises made to the Jews returned from captivity. Those who were servants in captivity under the control of their oppressors will be released and will have servants to do their work. Instead of shame and disgrace they will joyfully rejoice in their inheritance. God will be faithful to them and reward them with an everlasting covenant. They will be known among the nations, who will acknowledge them as a people blessed by the Lord. The chapter closes with: “so the Sovereign Lord will make righteousness and praise spring up before all nations.”
So here in this prophecy, was One who proclaimed a greater deliverance by far than any deliverance from Babylon, or any other of Israel’s enemies. Those who were once prisoners in a foreign land would experience the glorious liberty of the children of God.
(Read Isaiah 62)
Exercise: What do you discover in this chapter?
So Jerusalem has come a long way from the ‘Sodom’ (v. 10), of Isaiah chapter 1. God will intervene, step in and bring about the transformation. He is determined that Zion, or Jerusalem, will become ‘a crown of splendour in the Lord’s hand’ (v.3). She will receive a new name, changed from ‘Deserted’ and ‘Desolate’ (v.4) to ‘Hephzibah’, which means: My delight is in her, and ‘Beulah’ means: Married. (the explanation is in v.5). God has promised that He will restore Jerusalem and, because His character is at stake, He promises (v.6) that He will have ‘watchmen’ in place. These watchmen will continually remind Him of His Word and give him no rest until “he establishes Jerusalem and makes her the praise of the earth.”
Alfred Martin, page 114, writes: “Here as so often in Isaiah the wheel has completely turned – judgement is past and comfort has come. The previously used expression, ‘the highway,’ is used
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 10, cont.
again to picture graphically the return of the people to Zion: (NIV. Version) “The Lord has made proclamation to the ends of the earth: “Say to the daughter of Zion, ‘See, your Saviour comes! See, his reward is with him, and his recompense accompanies him.’” They will be called the Holy People, the Redeemed of the Lord; and you will be called Sought After, the City No longer Deserted.
Chapter 63 begins with a dialogue in the form of an interview, regarding the prophet and the ‘Divine Warrior’. The prophet asks:”Who is this coming from Edom, from Bozrah, with his garments stained crimson? Who is this, robed in splendour, striding forward in the greatness of his strength?” The Warrior’s reply is that He is the Divine Deliverer: “It is I, speaking in righteousness, mighty to save.” When the prophet asks why his garments are red? The Warrior explains that it is because He is returning from vengeance upon the enemies of His people. (Vv. 3-6).
Alfred Martin, page 115, writes: “This is not a picture of the cross. It is true that the Lord Jesus suffered and died there alone, but this is a description of the coming judgement. The blood which stains His garments in this picture is not His own blood, shed for us, but rather the blood of His enemies (v. 3). This is a graphic representation of “the day of vengeance” (v. 4). The “acceptable year” will be over by that time; the Saviour will have become the Judge. Some of the imagery in the Book of Revelation is drawn from this chapter, especially the mention of the winepress in chapter 14 and the description of the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ in judgement in chapter 19.
(“He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God.”) (End of quote)
This stern picture of judgement is immediately followed, in Isaiah 63, by the Lord’s loving kindness (v.7). It is true right cannot triumph in a world of wrong, where anything goes and, if right is to prevail, God in His holiness has provided forgiveness to all who turn to the Saviour He has sent among us. He is not harsh or cruel but longsuffering, merciful and gracious. Verses 7-14 are a commemoration of God’s former mercies to Israel in the past, how when they were in distress He carried them along. Yet still they “grieved his Holy Spirit.” In vv.7-19, there is an appeal to God for deliverance, as in days of old. Alfred Martin says: “There is a consciousness of belonging to God, which assures that He will work in mighty redemption.” (End of quote).
Exercise: What has been most helpful to you in this study?
We use 673 in Mission Praise as our closing prayer:
There is a Redeemer, Jesus, God’s own Son,
Precious Lamb of God, Messiah, Holy One.
Thank You, O my Father, for giving us your Son,
And leaving Your Spirit till the work on earth is done.
Jesus, my Redeemer, name above all names,
Precious Lamb of God, Messiah, O for sinners slain:
Thank You, O my Father, for giving us your Son,
And leaving Your Spirit till the work on earth is done.
When I stand in glory I will see His face,
And there I’ll serve my King forever in that holy place.
Thank You, O my Father, for giving us your Son,
And leaving Your Spirit till the work on earth is done.
Luke, Chapter 20, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
In this chapter Jesus, who is now approaching His last days, is having His authority challenged by the chief priests and teachers of the law, whilst teaching in the temple courts. I find it quite an interesting account and I trust you will as well. May the Holy Spirit guide us as we explore further.
Read Luke 20:1-8. Q.1. Why did the chief priests and teachers of the law question Jesus’ authority?
Q.2. Why didn’t they give Jesus a direct answer?
Read Luke 20:9-16. Q.3. What was Jesus really saying in this parable?
Read Luke 20:17-19. Q.4. Who was the ‘capstone’, and why did the leaders want to arrest Jesus?
Read Luke 20:20-26. Q.5. What is happening here, and why?
Read Luke 20:27-40. Q.6. What is the difference between the Pharisees and the Sadducees?
Q.7. Why do you think that some of the teachers of the law responded in this way?
Read Luke 20:41-44. Q.8. Jesus is referring to Psalm 110:1. What was He really saying?
Read Luke 20:45-47. Q.9. How can we apply these verses to the present day?
Q.10. What have you found most helpful in today’s study?
Luke, Chapter 19, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
In this chapter Jesus is making His final journey to Jerusalem. So much seems to be happening. I trust the study of it will enable you to grow in faith, as the Holy Spirit leads you into a deeper understanding of what happened on that journey.
Read Luke 19:1-4. Q.1. What stands out in this passage?
Read Luke 19:5-10. Q.2. What effect did this have on Zacchaeus?
Read Luke 19:11-27. Q.3. What does this parable teach us?
Read Luke 19:28-36. Q.4. What does one discover and learn from this section?
Read Luke 19:37-44. Q.5. Why did the Pharisees complain?
Q.6. What caused Jesus to weep and why?
Read Luke 19:45-46. Q.7. What caused Jesus to retaliate in such a way?
Read Luke 19:47-48. Q.8. Why were the chief priests and teachers so upset that they wanted to kill Jesus?
Q.9. What things/happenings stand out to you in this chapter and why?
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 9
Today we begin with Isaiah 58, which speaks of ‘Repentance Followed by God’s Blessing’. It has to be in that order. We are sinful by nature, and, therefore, need to be ‘Born Again’ before God can truly bless us. I trust and pray that the Holy Spirit of God will draw us into His presence and reveal Himself to us as we proceed with our study this week.
I begin with a quote from Alfred Martin’s book, ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah’, page 107: “The closing section of the book describes the glorious consummation which God has in store for Israel, the people of the servant, and God’s channel of blessing to the world. There is a strong contrast throughout the section between the rebellious and the faithful, a contrast which is never entirely absent from any extended portion of the Word of God.
At the very beginning of Isaiah we saw that much of the worship of God was only formal or nominal. Here the lesson is repeated that the outward forms of repentance do not necessarily indicate a change of heart. Fasting, unaccompanied by the doing of right, is not sufficient. (End of quote)
(Read Isaiah Chapter 58)
Exercise: What does this chapter tell you?
The chapter begins with: “Shout it allowed, do not hold back. Raise your voice like a trumpet. Declare to my people their rebellion and to the house of Jacob their sins.” The problem appears to be that while God longs to restore Israel to its former glory, His people fall far short of what is required of them. Yes, they are seeking God’s blessing, but at the same time ignore His instructions on how they need to respond to His call, if they are to receive the blessing He longs to give. It appears that whilst they are eager for God to draw near and bless them, even fasting, they still do as they please. If they were a nation that wanted to please God, on the day of their fasting they would take it seriously and not exploit their workers, quarrel and argue among themselves. God’s response in verse 5 is: “Is this the kind of fast I have chosen, only a day for a man to humble himself? Is it only for bowing one’s head like a reed and lying on sackcloth and ashes? Is that what you call a fast, a day acceptable to the Lord?” Their attitude is not that which the Lord requires. They must treat their neighbour, and indeed all people justly and with compassion, feed the hungry, provide shelter for those who have none and clothe those who need clothing. Some were turning their backs on their own flesh and blood. This was not only extremely selfish, it was making a mockery of their fasting and their so-called love for God! The message was that when they were truly repentant, God would hear their cry and come to their aid because He loved His people.
We see what God promises if they were prepared to do this in the latter part of the chapter: “The Lord will guide you always; he will satisfy your needs in a sun-scorched land and will strengthen your frame. You will be like a well-watered garden, like a spring whose waters never fail. Your people will rebuild the ancient ruins and will raise up the age-old foundations; you will be called Repairer of Broken Walls, Restorer of Streets with Dwellings. (Vv. 11-12). So if fasting is to be an opportunity to show true love to one’s neighbour, it should in the first instance express one’s love for God (though the forgoing passage and the Sabbath practice of Jesus insist that it must overflow to human beings.) It will mean forgetting self in favour of others. The Spirit of God can accomplish great things in those who are willing to yield their lives to Him.
The next chapter, Isaiah 59, continues in pretty much the same vein as the previous one. According to Alfred Martin, that which causes a person who prays to feel that they are not heard and that which hinders the answer, is sin. He writes: “The fault is not with God, but with the one
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 9 cont.
who calls upon God. God is always ready to give the answer, to provide the deliverance. Since
God could not find among the nation those who could be true intercessors, He provided salvation in His sovereign grace and righteousness (v. 16). This leads to the same wonderful Person who has appeared in so many different ways in this incomparable prophecy of Isaiah, the Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ.” (End of quote)
Verses 15b-16 of Isaiah 59, reads as follows: “The Lord looked and was displeased that there was no justice. He saw that there was no-one, he was appalled that there was no-one to intervene; so his own arm worked salvation for him, and his own righteousness sustained him.” You will notice in v.20, a very important statement: “The Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who repent of their sins,” declares the Lord.”
(Read Isaiah 59:15-21)
Exercise: What is the meaning of this prophecy?
In reading this section, one discovers that no human aid is sufficient to put matters right because of their fallen nature. However, Jehovah Himself will interpose to vindicate and deliver His oppressed people. He will be their Saviour!
J R Dummelow, in his ‘One-Volume Bible Commentary’, page 450, writes, concerning v.20: “Redeemer] i.e. Jehovah, who is so-called elsewhere: cp. 41:14, 43:1. This was fulfilled at Christ’s first coming, when He was accepted by the faithful few in Israel. But St. Paul (Ro. 11:26) applies the promise to the time when Israel, which did not accept the gospel, shall be restored again to God’s Church, so that its final fulfilment is yet in the future. Zion] i.e. the faithful remnant of the nation, as the next clause explains.” 21. My Spirit, etc. The faithful remnant is to be the inspired organ of Jehovah’s revelation.” (End of quote). This last verse speaks of the ‘new covenant’, when Israel will truly be God’s people, and the participants will all know the Lord.: “No longer will a man teach his neighbour, or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest,’ declares the Lord. “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sin no more.” (Jeremiah 31:34). (Read Jeremiah 31:31-34).
(Read Isaiah 60)
Exercise: What is your understanding of this chapter?
The light of deliverance, waited for so long in Ch. 59:9, is about to shine. This prophecy would find its fulfilment at the coming of Jesus Christ, the true ‘Light of the World’, which was followed by a great ingathering of the nations to the Church of God. “Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawn.” (V. 3) In the unbridgeable gap between the shame of Israel and her glory stands the figure of God the Avenger and Redeemer (59:16-21) Chapter 60, however, reveals an incredible transformation. Here the prophet sees that incredible transformation, the return of God’s favour.
The New Bible Commentary Third Edition has this to say, page 621, regarding the Glory of Zion: “These glowing exultant chapters depict blessings that transcend the old order and even, in places, the Christian era itself; but the language is that of O.T. ordinances and of the literal Jerusalem: it will need translating into terms of ‘the Jerusalem above’ ... Also Rev. 21 draws freely on Ch. 60 for its picture of the radiant city from heaven; and the interpretation of that vision (of which more than one view is possible) must affect that of the present prophecy. The view taken here, that of the return of dispersed Israelites to Jerusalem, is made the model for a far greater movement, the world-wide inflow of converts into the church, and that the vision repeatedly looks beyond this to the end, the state of ultimate glory.”
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 9 cont.
The first three verses of chapter 60 reveal the coming of ‘the Light.’ “Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord rises upon you.” (vv.1). It goes on to say that the Lord will bring light into the darkness and his glory will appear not just to the Jews, but to the Gentiles also. Verse 3 reads as follows: “Nations will come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawn.” This, once again, refers to the Lord Jesus Christ, their expected Messiah, and is reminiscent of Ch. 9. There in verse 2 we read: “The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.” Then the prophet goes on to speak of a special child: “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of peace. ... The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this.” (Read Isaiah 9:1-7).
The apostle Paul uses a similar illustration in his letter to the Corinthians, when speaking of God’s mercy, 2 Corinthians 4:5-6: “For we do not preach ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, and ourselves as your servants for Jesus’ sake. For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” made his light shine in our hearts, to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.” ‘The glory of God’, or ‘the glory of the Lord’, was mention in (Isaiah 40:5) (Worth reading again). So the light which comes upon Israel will also attract the gentile nations!
The rest of Isaiah 60 describes in some depth the homage that the Gentiles will pay to Israel. Alfred Martin, pages 108-9, writes: “God’s righteousness requires just retribution for the mistreatment accorded Israel in the past by many nations. Those who are in bondage to the terrible bias of anti-Semitism will not like what God says here: (NIV version) “For the nation or kingdom that will not serve you will perish; it will be utterly ruined. ... The sons of your oppressors will come bowing before you; all who despise you will bow down at your feet and will call you the City of the Lord, Zion of the Holy One of Israel.” (Vv. 12 & 14). Alfred Martin continues: “Astonishingly changes are in store for this earth – moral changes, political changes, economic changes. When God works His sovereign purpose, as described in these prophecies, Israel will be what God intended it to be – a witness to Himself in the earth. When Israel becomes what it is supposed to be, and when the Gentiles assume their appointed place in relation to Israel, then there will be righteousness and peace in the earth. All of this, however, depends upon a Person, the Person who speaks in the next chapter. (End of quote)
Exercise: Who do you think that person is and why?
We close with a prayer of thanksgiving, Isaac Watts hymn, 272 Hymns & Psalms:
Jesus shall reign where’er the sun doth his successive journey’s run;
His kingdom stretch from shore to shore, till suns shall rise and set no more.
For Him shall endless prayer be made, and praises throng to crown His head;
His name like sweet perfume shall rise with every morning sacrifice.
People and realms of every tongue dwell on his love with sweetest song;
And infant voices shall proclaim their young hosannas to his name.
Blessings abound where’er He reigns; the prisoner leaps to lose his chains;
The weary find eternal rest; and all the sons of want are blest.
Where He displays His healing power, death and the curse are known no more;
In Him the tribes of Adam boast more blessings than their father lost.
Let every creature rise and bring its grateful honours to our King;
Angels descend with songs again, and earth prolong the joyful strain. Amen.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 8
May the Lord bless you as you progress through this session, beginning with chapter 54, which speaks of the ‘Future Glory of Zion’. Hopefully, we will cover a few more chapters as well, as the Holy Spirit guides us.
Every blessing in Christ,
One reads of ‘Renewed Promises of Restoration’ In Isaiah 54:1-56:8. In the first six verses Zion is addressed as a woman, whose period of barrenness and affliction is over. The desolation and reproach of the exile are now things of the past: “Sing, O barren woman, you who never bore a child; burst into song, shout for joy, you who were never in labour; because more are the children of the desolate woman than of her who has a husband, says the Lord.” Here God pledges Himself in tender, unswerving love to His people, enduring love, He will never stop loving them. In peace and security, one sees the foundations of a new and dazzling city being laid. (Read chapter 54).
Exercise: What do you discover in reading this chapter?
When we looked at Isaiah 53, we saw how redemption is accomplished; now in chapter 54 we see how that redemption is applied to Israel as a nation, and also to the individual.
Alfred Martin, in his book: ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah’, page 101, writes: “We must not lose sight of the fact that Isaiah tells of the comfort of God for Israel. We can be thankful that through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, everyone of us now, whether Jew or Gentile, can enter into the spiritual benefits of His death. This does not alter the fact, however, that God has made national promises to Israel. Here the nation is seen as a barren, desolate wife restored to fellowship and blessing (ch.54).” (End of quote)
In Matthew Henry’s Commentary, page 909, one reads, concerning verses 1-5: “If we apply this to the state of the Jews after their return out of captivity, it is a prophecy of the increase of their nation after they were settled in their own land. Jerusalem had been in the condition of a wife written childless, or a desolate solitary widow; but now it is promised that the city should be replenished and the country peopled again, that the ruins of Jerusalem should be repaired, and that those estates which had for many years been wrongfully held by the Babylonian Gentiles should now return to the right owners. God will again be a husband to them, and the reproach of their captivity, and the small number to which they were then reduced, shall be forgotten. But we must apply it to the church of God in general; I mean the kingdom of God among men, God’s city in the world.” (End of quote)
In verses 7-10, we read of God’s promised mercy to Zion, and He will not go back on His promise. “For a brief moment I abandoned you, but with deep compassion I will bring you back. In a surge of anger I hid my face from you for a moment, but with everlasting kindness I will have compassion on you,” says the Lord your Redeemer.” As one reads on one discovers that great joy and glory await His people. The chapter closes with: “This is the heritage of the Lord, and this is their vindication from me,” declares the Lord.” There is much figurative language here; however, it does not change the over-all literal fulfilment of prophecy. Many Gentiles will be surprised to find that Israel is to have the leading place in the earth (see v. 3). The Lord Almighty has a relationship to Israel which He has never had to any other nation:”For your Maker is your husband – the Lord Almighty is His name – the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer; he is called the God of all the earth.” (V. 5) Having said that, blessings will overflow to all the nations. Israel’s Redeemer will be recognized as the God of the whole earth.
The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Romans chapter 11 in speaking of the remnant of Israel, also
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 8 cont.
refers to the Romans (Gentiles) as ‘Ingrafted Branches’. (Read Romans 11:11-15). So this passage, as well as others in Isaiah, speaks of Israel receiving its restoration to God’s blessing. Also, it cannot help but affect the nations of the whole world.
As we move on to Isaiah 55, the gates are open wide to all who would respond, to people of every nation, to come and quench their thirsty souls: “Come, all you who are thirsty, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without cost.” (V.1). If they listen to the Lord, He promises that He will make an everlasting covenant with them. His promise is sure and great glory awaits His people.
Exercise: How does this chapter relate to New Testament teaching?
Alfred Martin, page 103, wrote: “Here again (ch.55) is a well-known passage. God’s Word is full of such gracious appeals. The only requisite for coming to God is a burning thirst (cf. John 7:37 and Rev. 22:17). This is no ordinary thirst, but the “hunger and thirst after righteousness,” of which the Lord Jesus spoke (Matt. 5:6). In its context this appeal is addressed primarily to Israel, but in its application it is as broad as the human race. Everyone who seeks the Lord in the manner described here will find Him. (End of quote)
I recall (in the ‘Old Porthleven Circuit) a meeting for prayer with a team from ‘Cliff College’. It was held at Leedstown Chapel. We were praying for the success of the team on mission. Various people prayed for the success of the events planned and that God would lead us forward. Then Leslie Barnes prayed: “More grace, Lord! More grace!” Wow! That was exactly what we all needed; and God’s grace was there for all to see!
This is a call to the needy and it is unsurpassed for warmth of welcome, even in the New Testament. Chapter 55, on two occasions, builds up to a climax. The first is in verses 1-5; the second, over a greater range, in verses 6-13. In particular the words of verse 6: “Seek the Lord while he may be found; call on him while he is near. Let the wicked forsake his way and the evil man his thoughts. Let him turn to the Lord, and he will have mercy on him, and to our God, for he will freely pardon.” This is abounding grace, grace in abundance! Grace to cover all my sin!
Exercise: In what ways have you experienced God’s grace in your life
The Salvation that God offers brings with it the responsibility of godly living, and is described in Ch. 56. (Read 56:1-8.) Theses verses are all about the salvation of others, a welcome for the outcasts. Here we see that there is nothing exclusive about God’s love. It is for all, that there is a place among His people for all who will turn to Him, follow and obey. Even the most despised will be accepted because God’s love is all-embracing. Members of other nations who came to live among the Israelites had been excluded from worship, partly because of the Old Testament laws and Sabbath keeping. It is, however, the principle of trust in God and of obedience to Him that really matters. “This is what the Lord says: “Maintain justice and do what is right, for my salvation is close at hand and my righteousness will soon be revealed. Blessed is the man who does this, the man who holds it fast, who keeps the Sabbath without desecrating it, and keeps his hand from doing evil.” (Vv. 1-2) (I hasten to add that the Lord Jesus included women as well.)
The temple (see v.7) was primarily a ‘house of prayer’. Our Lord Jesus Christ quoted from this verse when He cleansed the temple the second time. This is mention by three of the gospel writers; however, I mention just one: see Mark 11:17.
Alfred Martin, page 104, writes: “When God’s salvation is made known to men, there are always those who accept it and those who reject it. There were those in Isaiah’s day and afterward who
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 8, cont.
would not be warned concerning the judgement that was to come in the captivity. They could not
or would not understand that the righteous man who died was being “Taken away from the evil to come” (57:1).
Isaiah contains, as we have seen, passages of transcendent beauty concerning the personality and majesty of God. They are transcendently beautiful because they are true and because they present God in His condescending grace: (NIV version) “For this is what the high and lofty One says – he who lives forever, whose name is holy: “I live in a high and holy place, but also with him who is contrite and lowly in spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the contrite.” (57:15). (End of quote)
(Read Isaiah 57)
In chapter 57:5-8, the pagan rites involved prostitution and the idolatrous Israel, in her unfaithfulness to her Creator God, is pictured as a prostitute. Verses 4-13 reveal that the nation, who has gone running after the pagan gods, join in sexual rites and child-sacrifice. Their religious observance is nothing but a mockery. These people, as a whole, appear to have no love for God or their fellow human beings.
In contrast we see in the latter part of chapter 57 (vv, 14-21), displayed once again, God’s abundant grace. There will be ‘Comfort for the Contrite’. God will dwell with the humble believer. This should be great encouragement to the person who has a ‘trusting heart’. The great danger is that a believer fastens one’s thoughts on oneself rather than upon God Himself and loses one’s humility. Every believer must place their trust in the Lord Jesus Christ. In the New Testament (John 3:18) Jesus, Himself is speaking of Himself as The Messiah by God’s will, to Nicodemus, a member of the ruling council, “Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because he has not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son.” (Then v. 36) “Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on him.” True peace of any kind can only come through the Lord Jesus Christ, the Redeemer, prophetically described in this section.
Grace is flowing like a river, and it needs to flow through you and me!
Exercise: What have you learned from this study?
We use John Newton’s hymn, 215 Hymns & Psalms, as a closing prayer:
AMAZING grace (how sweet the sound) that saved a wretch like me!
I once was lost, but now I’m found, was blind, but now I see.
Through many dangers, toils and snares I have already come;
God’s grace has brought me safe thus far, and he will lead me home.
The Lord has promised good to me, his word my hope secures;
He will my shield and portion be as long as life endures.
And, when this heart and flesh shall fail and mortal life shall cease,
I shall possess within the veil a life of joy and peace.
More grace, Lord! More grace!
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 7
Today we will hopefully cover chapters 49 – 53, or thereabouts. Israel is seen as ‘The Servant of the Lord’. There is also the promise of Israel being restored and everlasting Salvation for Zion, the Suffering Servant who will lay down His life for His people’s redemption and open up the Kingdom to all people.
May the Living God open our hearts to His Living Word.
One needs to remember that the idea of the servant is constantly changing. Sometimes it refers to Israel; at others to the Promised Messiah. In the first instance, in chapter 49, the servant referred to is the Messiah. It is He who is speaking in the first half of this chapter. (Read verses 1-13).
Exercise: What stands out to you in this passage and why?
Matthew Henry, in his Commentary, page 899, writes:”The foregoing chapter was directed to the house of Jacob and the people of Israel, v. 1, 12. But this is directed to the isles (that is the Gentiles, for they are called the isles of the Gentiles, Gen. 10:5) and to the people from far, that were strangers to the commonwealth of Israel, and afar off. Let these listen. The tidings of a Redeemer are sent to the Gentiles, and they listened to the gospel when the Jews were deaf to it. (End of quote)
In 49:4 we read:”I have laboured to no purpose; I have spent my strength in vain and for nothing. Yet what is due to me is in the Lord’s hand, and my reward is with my God.” Things haven’t changed much because like those that were careless and strangers to God seemingly are still. Verses 5-6 are interesting: “And now the Lord says – he who formed me in the womb to be his servant to bring Jacob back to him and gather Israel to himself, for I am honoured in the eyes of the Lord and my God has been my strength – he says: It is too small a thing for you to be my servant to restore the tribes of Jacob and bring back those of Israel I have kept. I will also make you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring my salvation to the ends of the earth.” It is clearly obvious in these verses that the Lord God is speaking of His Messiah, Jesus Christ, who will lay down His life to redeem fallen, sinful, human beings. The promise to be “a light for the Gentiles” reminds me of when Mary first brought the baby Jesus to the temple: Simeon, inspired by the Holy Spirit, taking Jesus in his arms, praised God saying:”Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace. For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of all people, a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel.” (See Luke 2:29-32).
Then, in verses 14-23, there is the promise of ‘Comfort for Jerusalem’. In The New Bible Commentary Third Edition, page 616, we read:”14 The deserted ruins of Zion are a feature of these chapters, personified as a woman bereft of husband and children. 15, 16 God’s reply here is typical: first she is not bereft, for He cannot forget her; 19, 20 secondly, she has her best days before her, when her new family will overflow all her bounds. The NT applies such promises not to ‘the present Jerusalem’ but to ‘Jerusalem above’ (Gal. 4:25-27; cf. Is. 54:1), i.e. the universal church in heaven and earth. The ruins of that city were indeed rebuilt in the 6th and 5th centuries, but these prophecies transcend the modest scale of those events. (End of quote).
Chapter 50 is all about Israel’s sin and the Servant’s obedience. Here God goes on to show His people that He has not rejected them, but that their sufferings are because of their own sins (vv. 1-3). God asks (v. 2) “When I came, why was there no-one? When I called, why was there no-one to answer?” God came to His people through the prophets, His servants, but they did not listen. Later, in the New Testament by Jesus Christ, the Servant Himself, but His beloved Israel gave no proper response. They even rejected the Christ when He came, they just wouldn’t believe.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 7 cont.
Exercise: What can we learn through the last paragraph?
(Read Isaiah 50)
Alfred Martin, The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah, page 86, writes:”The next paragraph of the chapter (vv. 4-9) amplifies the thought of the opposition to Jehovah’s Servant:
I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair:
I hid not my face from shame and spitting (v. 6).
This is not Isaiah who is speaking, nor is it an idealized portrait of the nation of Israel. It is an individual, not a group; it is The Servant; it is the Lord Jesus Christ. This verse finds its historical fulfilment in the accounts of the sufferings of Christ in the Gospels:
Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him ... (Matt 26:67).
And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head (Matt. 27:30).
These and a number of other passages show the applicability of the prophecy to the Lord Jesus Christ and to Him exclusively.
The chapter closes with a mention of two ways: the way of trust (v. 10) and the way of sorrow (v. 11). Dependence upon God or dependence upon self – the one leads to peace and salvation, the other to destruction.” (End of quote)
I draw your attention to the words, spoken by our Lord Jesus Christ, in Matthew 7:13-14;”Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it. But small is the gate and narrow is the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.”
The first part of chapter 51, speaks of ‘Everlasting Salvation for Zion’. (Read vv. 1-16).
These verses exhort the Godly remnant, those who follow after righteousness to remain faithful. i.e. “Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness and who seek the Lord:” The first part of the chapter gives a comforting assurance to all who seek the Lord; whereas the latter part of this chapter (vv. 17-23) speaks concerning the triumph of Jerusalem and the eventual destruction of her enemies.
Alfred Martin, page 87, writes: “In the first part of Isaiah the hand of the Lord was seen as stretched out in judgement. Now the arm of the Lord is called upon to awake (v. 9). This is the arm of deliverance mentioned again in 53:1. Again there is a reminder of God’s mighty deliverance of His people at the time of the exodus from Egypt (vv.9, 10). This is followed by the same joyous refrain which we have heard previously in 35:10.” (The NIV version reads as follows): “The ransomed of the Lord will return. They will enter Zion with singing; everlasting joy will crown their heads. Gladness and joy will overtake them, and sorrow and sighing will flee away.” Alfred Martin continues: “It is such characteristic repetitions of Isaiah, such reappearances of leading ideas, that help to show the perfect unity of the book.” (End of quote)
Exercise: What is Isaiah really saying here?
So God urges His people to draw comfort from past history, and to look forward to greater things to come. It is time to shake off the past, put it behind them and concentrate on the good news – God is about to lead His beloved people home. Chapter 52 begins with: “Awake, awake, O Zion, clothe yourself with strength. Put on your garments of splendour, O Jerusalem, the holy city. The uncircumcised and defiled will not enter you again. Shake off your dust; rise up, sit enthroned, O Jerusalem. Free yourselves from the chains on your neck, o captive daughter of Zion.” Here, Zion
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 7 cont.
is invited to dress herself as a queen, to sit enthroned, having been freed from her heathen enemies and her children restored from captivity. Pictured here as a beautiful woman, Jerusalem is called to awake! Once prostrate in the dust, now she will get up and sit upon the throne that God will prepare for her. (“sold for nothing, and without money” she will “be redeemed.” (See v. 3).
(Read Isaiah 52:1-12)
In this section we see Zion’s joy in the Lord’s deliverance. In verse 7 the herald is seen as coming upon the mountains bringing the good news of the Lord Almighty’s reign: “How beautiful on the Mountains are the feet of those who bring good news, who proclaim peace, who bring good tidings, who proclaim salvation, who say to Zion, “Your God reigns!” The Apostle Paul applies this in reference to the Gospel in his letter to the Romans. (Romans 10:15) “And how can they preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!” We read again in verse 9 that God has comforted His people. In the light of verse 12, with God before and behind Israel cannot but be safe!
We now look at what is known as the fourth ‘Servant Song’, from 52:13 and the whole of chapter 53. (Read Isaiah 52:13-15 & 53:1-12)
After the great homecoming we turn to a solitary figure, whose agony purchased salvation at such tremendous cost. We have reached the very heart of the book of Isaiah, the very centre of the complete pattern of sin and righteousness, grace and judgement. In the last three verses of ch.52,
One reads of the suffering and the glory of God’s Servant, the Messiah. “See, my servant will act wisely; he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted. Just as there were many who were appalled at him – his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any man and his form marred beyond human likeness – so he will sprinkle many nations, and kings will shut their mouths because of him. For what they were not told, they will see, and what they have not heard, they will understand.” This will come into being at the time of Jesus’ return and His global return, the time when every knee will bow before Him and every tongue confess that Jesus is Lord! (Read, Rev. 21:22-27).
So the scene changes from the joyous home-coming to the lonely figure on the cross, who paid the price for sin’s redemption. He bore the whole burden of sin which caused humanity’s separation from their Heavenly Father, their Creator and Sustainer, God. The prophet, Isaiah, in his vision eight centuries before Christ, clearly foresaw Him, and it was revealed to Isaiah why He must come and what He would do. Isaiah saw Jesus, the Saviour freely laying down His life for all mankind and raising Him up to the highest height above all others. Despised and rejected by those He came to save, us included. “But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we were healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” (53:4-6). Alleluia! What a Saviour! So the servant becomes ‘The Lamb of God that takes away the sins of the world.’
Chapter 53 of Isaiah is one of the best-known chapters in the Bible and its position is no accident, it is strategically placed, giving a wonderful prophetic picture of the sufferings and death of the Lord Jesus Christ. The ‘Suffering Servant’ Isaiah speaks about is our Redeemer, without Him we are lost! Many people, including orthodox Jews, deny that this chapter is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ, but many are the proofs of its Messianic character.
Alfred Martin, page 90, writes: “There is, of course, also the ancient and uniform tradition. The ancient Jews, before the coming of the Lord Jesus, regarded the passage as Messianic, and the church has always so regarded it, with the exception of modern rationalistic interpreters.
Add to these lines of evidence the negative one that no other satisfactory interpretation has ever been advanced. Those who deny the Messianic meaning cannot agree on any other interpretation.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 7 cont.
Certainly an unprejudiced person who reads this chapter and then reads the Gospel records must admit that the prophecy and the history fit perfectly when applied to the Lord Jesus Christ.”
Exercise: What do verses 10–12 help you understand?
All this was in accordance with God’s will. It was carried out fully because of His love for those He had created. Oh such love!
We use 228 Hymns & Psalms, composed by Philipp Bliss, as our closing prayer:
MAN of Sorrows! What a name for the Son of God, who came
Ruin sinners to reclaim! Alleluia! What a Saviour!
Bearing shame and scoffing rude, in my place condemned he stood;
Sealed my pardon with his blood: Alleluia! What a Saviour!
Guilty, vile, and helpless we; Spotless Lamb of God was he:
Full Atonement – can it be? Alleluia! What a Saviour!
Lifted up was he to die; ‘It is finished!’ was his cry;
Now in heaven exalted high: Alleluia! What a Saviour!
When he comes, our glorious King, all his ransomed home to bring,
Then anew this song we’ll sing: Alleluia! What a Saviour!
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 6.
This part of the book of the prophet Isaiah looks through and beyond the Babylonian captivity, announced by Isaiah to King Hezekiah, at the close of the previous chapter (39). The general theme is announced in the opening verse of chapter 40: “Comfort, comfort my people, says your God. Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and proclaim to her that her hard service has been completed, that her sin has been paid for, that she has received from the Lord’s hand double for all her sins.”
Up to this point the prophet has been taken up mostly with the threat from Assyria. That particular crisis is now behind him and Isaiah is given a new vision for a new situation. In ‘The Lion Handbook to The Bible’, pages 388-389, we read: “but the city will fall to Babylon and the captive people will be taken into exile. This will not be the end of the nation, though it will seem like it. In due course Babylon itself will be overthrown by Cyrus the Persian, and he will return the exiles to their homeland. All this God reveals to the prophet, so that he may comfort and encourage the people, reassuring them for the bitter times ahead. So clear is this in Isaiah’s mind that from now on he leaves current events behind.” (End of quote)
The hope of the return of God’s people is grounded firmly on the fact that the Lord alone is the true God, the Creator and Ruler of all. He determines the fate of the nations, guiding the course of history according to His will. Isaiah is seeking to encourage the Jews in their exile. He does this by revealing to them that their God, ‘Jehovah’, is supreme and no obstacles will be able to prevent the restoration to their own land, which He has promised.
Exercise: In the light of the previous paragraph, what is your take on it?
(Read Isaiah 40)
In chapter 40:3, we read: “A voice of one calling: “In the desert prepare the way for the Lord; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God.” Here we have, with Isaiah, the herald’s call. It is, in effect, the great processional way, which all humanity will travel. Verse 5 reads as follows: “And the glory of the Lord will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it.” For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.” The desert or wilderness is doubly significant. Firstly as an example of all the barriers that must and will yield to the royal progress of the Lord Almighty Himself, as in verse 4: “Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill be made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain.” Secondly, as a reminder of the first Exodus (see Hosea 2:14ff.).
J R Dummelow in his One Volume Bible Commentary, pages 439-440, writes: “The object of the argument is to encourage the Jews in their exile by showing that, since Jehovah is thus supreme, no obstacles will be able to interfere with the restoration to their own land which He has promised. With fine irony the prophet exhibits the infatuation of idol-makers and idol-worshippers; proving that, while the idols are senseless blocks and less than nothing (40:17), Jehovah is Lord of the world and controls all things. The Israelites can testify to His power, because through His prophets He has told them of things before they came to pass. Jehovah is, therefore, set forth as the deliverer of His people. But in the carrying out of His purposes He employs agents: (a) Cyrus, who is commissioned as His shepherd (44:28), His anointed (45:1), to perform all His pleasure in the overthrow of Babylon and deliverance of the Israelites from their exile; (b) the nation of Israel, which has its own work to do in the furthering of Jehovah’s purposes. The title ‘servant of Jehovah’, hitherto applied to individuals, is in these chapters (41:8, 44:1,2,21, 48:20) applied to the nation in its corporate capacity: perhaps also, though less directly to the faithful Jews within the nation (42:1-7,18, 43:8,10) on whom would devolve the fulfilment of God’s will. The name implies in the first place, the fact of the nation’s election by Jehovah (48:8 f.) and further the truth that Israel has a mission in the world, viz. To bring the knowledge of true religion to the Gentiles, and be a means of universal blessing (42:1f.). (End of quote)
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 6 cont.
So there is comfort for God’s people, He will come to Zion’s aid. He is coming is His promise. Israel’s God, Jehovah, is the Creator; nothing, nor no one, can compare with Him because He alone is eternal. He will always hold his people in His heart.
In verses 6-8 of chapter 40, a second voice is heard which says: “Cry out”, In response to the voice Isaiah replies: “What shall I cry?” It is then that he declares that all things human must decay: Israel’s oppressors are mere mortals, but Jehovah’s promise is sure. “The grass withers and the flower fall, but the word of our God stands for ever.”
Exercise: What are the central thoughts in chapters 40-48?
The opening verses of chapter 40, therefore, set the tone for all that follows in this part of the Book of Isaiah. We see clearly God’s purposes for His people, to bring comfort and strength through difficult times. These thoughts centre clearly on the deliverance from Babylon, which Cyrus, king of Persia, will accomplish. Throughout these chapters we see the contrast between Israel and the surrounding nations and between the one true God, Jehovah, and the false gods of other nations. Above all this is the recognition of a greater deliverance by far, that of the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will come at His appointed time.
The comfort promised is possible because of the coming Messiah, the hearld of whom is now introduced. The voice of one calling in the desert, “prepare the way for the Lord; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God.” This is a prophetic reference to John the Baptist, the forerunner of Jesus Christ, the Messiah, mentioned in the New Testament by all four gospel writers. For now we will just look at Luke’s account (read Luke 3:1-6). In Isaiah, as in the Old Testament generally, the two comings of Christ are not distinguished but blended together. The prophecies of Isaiah 40:4-5, were not fulfilled completely at Jesus’ first coming; however, they will be completely fulfilled when He comes again to set up His kingdom. “Look, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, and all the peoples of the earth will mourn because of him. So shall it be! Amen. “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is, and was, and who is to come, the Almighty.” (Revelation 1:7-8). This is just one of many New Testament references. In Isaiah 40:28, God is seen as eternal, omnipotent, and of infinite wisdom: “Do you not know? Have you not heard? The Lord is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and His understanding no-one can fathom. ...” The chapter concludes with the encouraging truth that because God is all-powerful, He gives strength to all those who need it.
God’s tone is really stern in 41:1, as He brings the nations to book: “Be silent before me, you islands! Let the nations renew their strength! Let them come forward and speak; let us meet together at the place of judgment.” In vv.1-7, Dummelow, page 440, sees Cyrus as God’s Agent: “Jehovah and the gods of the heathen compared as in a court of judgment. Jehovah has raised up Cyrus and given him victory, in order to carry out His good purposes, while the heathen gods are powerless to affect the course of events. 8-20. A digression: the events which bring terror to the nations bring deliverance to Israel. 21-29. Comparison of Jehovah with the gods of the heathen continued.” (End of quote). The pagan gods (see vv. 21-24) literally are no gods at all, they cannot predict the future. Only Jehovah, the one true God can do that.
Exercise: What stands out to you in Isaiah chapter 42?
Here a new theme begins to unfold. God’s plan in the future is to open the eyes of the whole world to the salvation He offers, which was His intention right from the very beginning. We see it in the light of Abraham’s experience when he was about to offer up his son Isaac. God intervened (see Genesis 22:18). He would provide a Light, not just for the Jews, but for all nations. His servant will be will be filled with God’s Spirit “and he will bring justice to the nations.”(v.1) “I, the Lord, have
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 6 cont.
called you in righteousness; I will take hold of your hand. I will keep you and will make you to be a
covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles, to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.” (6-7). Etc. In verses 10-12, the world acclaims its Master, in a song of praise to the Lord; then, in verses 13-17, the Lord, Himself declares His zeal as a mighty warrior. In the concluding verses Israel, although called to be God’s servant, cannot seem to comprehend the prophet’s message. Isaiah 42 clearly is a Messianic passage. Alfred Martin, page 71 of ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah’ writes: “This characterization of Christ as the Servant of Jehovah, first brought about in this evangelical prophet, is expanded in the Gospels, especially in Mark, which thus shows a close connection with Isaiah, and is recognized by the church in the Book of Acts.” (End of quote).
We see the mission of Israel in chapter 43. The dispersed Israelites will be ransomed and restored. We see here God’s abounding grace. Even though the love of God is continually rebuffed, He is beside them. He alone is their Saviour. The chapter opens with: “But now, this is what the Lord says – he who created you, O Jacob, he who formed you, O Israel: “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have summoned you by name; you are mine. So it continues in that light. They are the people God has formed for Himself to proclaim His praise (v. 21). Even though they have forfeited all right to His care; still He forgives. In all their suffering He is with them and will set them free again.
Chapters 44-45 tell us that there is only one God in all the earth. He is the Lord of history and the future is in His hands and His alone. In Chapter 44:24-28 there is the promise that Jerusalem will be inhabited again: “This is what the Lord says – your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: ... he will say of Jerusalem, “Let it be rebuilt,” and of the temple, “Let its foundations be laid.” This task, we discover in Chapter 46, will be carried out by Cyrus, whom God has anointed for the task in hand. There are so many promises here to King Cyrus, spoken by Isaiah on God’s behalf, i.e. “I am the Lord, and there is no other; apart from me there is no other God. I will strengthen you, though you have not acknowledged me.” The chapter closes with the promise of salvation to Zion, and Israel’s splendour being restored.
Alfred Martin, page 81, writes:”Chapter 47 should be compared with what has already been said in chapters 13 & 14. This Babylonian Empire, sometimes called in history the Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean Empire, reached its height under Nebuchadnezzar, who captured and destroyed the city of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. This was naturally far in the future in Isaiah’s time when this prophecy was written. (See Daniel 5) ... Even in bringing judgement upon such a wicked nation as Babylon, God vindicates Himself. God has used Babylon as an instrument of His judgement upon His own people, Israel. Now Babylon is to be judged, not because of some arbitrary notion of God, but because Babylon is sinful.” (End of quote).
Humanly speaking, there was much to admire in Babylon’s accomplishments; however, there were all kinds of idols, astrologers, soothsayers, charlatans, pagan priests and religionists who were demon-inspired. None of whom were able to save the Babylonian Empire. God, the Almighty, had brought about their downfall.
The history of Israel is a long story of hypocrisy, rebellion, scepticism and idolatry. 48:4 reads:”For I knew how stubborn you were; the sinews of your neck were iron, your forehead was bronze.” In verses 17-18, one reads:”This is what the Lord says - your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: “I am the Lord your God, who teaches you what is best for you, who directs you in the way you should go. If only you had paid attention to my commands, your peace would have been like a river, Your righteousness like the waves of the sea.“ (The promise of what might have been goes on.) One might say that she has deserved all that she has suffered. Whilst God longed for peace for His
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 6 cont.
people, how could they experience that God-given peace, when there is ‘no peace for the wicked’’? (See Isaiah 48:22).
Exercise: Do you see any similarities relating to the world, in general, today, if so what?
We use one of Charles Wesley’s hymns, 62 in the Methodist Hymn Book as a closing prayer:
CAPTAIN of Israel’s host, and Guide of all who seek the land above,
Beneath thy shadow we abide, the cloud of thy protecting love;
Our strength, thy grace, our rule, thy word; Our end, the glory of the Lord.
By thine unerring Spirit led, we shall not in the desert stray;
We shall not full direction need, nor miss our providential way;
As far from danger as from fear, while love, almighty love, is near.
Luke, Chapter 15, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
This is a well-known and loved chapter by many. The whole of the chapter is about finding the lost and such an important theme throughout Jesus’ ministry. I hope you will find in inspiring and helpful.
We usually take a break in August; commencing again sometime in September.
Read Luke 15:1-2. Q.1. Why do you think the Pharisees and teachers muttered against Jesus?
Read Luke 15:3-7. Q.2. What was the meaning behind Jesus’ parable of the lost sheep?
Read Luke 15:8-10. Q.3. What or who does ‘the Lost Coin’ represent?
Read Luke 15:11-16. Q.4. What lesson do you think the younger son learnt from this experience?
Read Luke 15:17-21. Q.5. What do you think Jesus meant by these verses, and give the reason for your answer?
Read Luke 15:22-24. Q.6. What is the real meaning behind these verses?
Read Luke 15:25-30. Q.7. What is the spiritual meaning here and what is Jesus warning us about?
Q.8. Who does the older brother represent?
Read Luke 15:31-32. Q.9. What does this tell us about God our Father?
Q.10. How does this chapter help you in your walk with God?
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 1
Welcome to our Introductory Study of Isaiah. I don’t propose looking at every chapter in detail but what I see as important aspects of his prophetic vision. I don’t want to get bogged down in details that lead to discouragement, quibbling over the exact meaning of certain phrases, or how many people were involved in its authorship; although I realise the importance, but to look at its teaching in general, concentrating on what I see as its main themes. Having said that, I hope that you will read Isaiah as a whole and not just the passages that I hope to bring to you. This indeed will be well worth while. I wish you well in your studies and may we be truly blest in our studies, as the Holy Spirit leads us.
Every blessing in Christ Jesus, to the glory of God our Father.
So the book of Isaiah gets its name from its author, Isaiah the son of Amos (Isaiah 1:1). Not to be confused with the prophet Amos. Little is known about Isaiah’s ancestry; having said that, ancient Jewish tradition has it that he was related to the royal family of Judah. What is known is that Isaiah lived in the city of Jerusalem and that he was married (Isaiah 8:3), also that he had at least two sons. We learn that one son was called Shear-Jashub (Isaiah 7:3) and the other Maher-Shalel-Hash-Baz (Isaiah 8:3) who was the son of his wife, the prophetess.
Isaiah tells us himself that he saw the Lord in the year King Uzziah died (see Isaiah 6:1), beginning his ministry in the year 740 B.C.. He was prophesying in 722 B.C. at the time when the Northern Kingdom of Israel was taken into captivity by the Assyrians, continuing for many years afterwards. Isaiah uses the following title for God some twenty-six times: “the Holy One of Israel”. It appears 12 times in the first 39 chapters and 14 times in chapters 40-66. According to the NIV Study Bible, it only appears 6 times in the rest of the Old Testament.
Alfred Martin in his book ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah’, writes the following, page 11, under the title ‘Other Prophets in Isaiah’s Time’: ‘The prophet Amos either had brought or was bringing his ministry to a close when Isaiah began to prophesy in Judah. Amos, although a native of Judah, had been sent by God to prophesy against the Northern Kingdom, Israel. Hosea began his ministry in Israel sometime before Isaiah began his in Judah. Micah was a younger contemporary, prophesying like Isaiah in Judah. There are a number of similarities between their two books, One passage in Isaiah 2 especially being parallel to a passage in Micah 4.’
Exercise: Check out Isaiah 2 and Micah 4, what are the similarities?
The kingdom of Israel had been divided for about two hundred years. The Northern Kingdom, Israel, had been ruled by a succession of evil kings from different families or dynasties, one as bad as the other. The first king being Jeroboam, son of Nebat. Not one of Israel’s Kings not even Jehu, who brought to an end the Baal worship, formerly instigated by Queen Jezebel, had put an end to the wicked practice of worshiping idols set up at Dan and Bethel.
In Isaiah’s day the dominant power was Assyria; although before then Egypt held some sway. During Isaiah’s life time, Assyria conquered the northern kingdom of Israel and also invaded Isaiah’s own country of Judah, the southern kingdom, which was ruled by descendants of King David. Judah’s spiritual life was in constant decline, although there were little periods of revival under the more godly monarchs. There was a certain amount of prosperity during Uzziah’s long reign, which sadly caused the southern kingdom to forget the one true God.
At various times Judah, the southern kingdom, sought alliances with Assyria and Egypt, which Isaiah denounced, calling the people of Judah to turn back to the true God. Alfred Martin writes page 17: “Certainly in the overruling providence of God it is no accident that this particular prophet had this particular name. Isaiah means “the salvation of Jehovah,” and there could be no more
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 1, cont.
fitting statement of the theme of the book. The prophet must, in conformity with his God-appointed mission, proclaim judgment for sin, must announce the coming Babylonian captivity; but even amid those passages which speak of captivity, there are gleams of deliverance; and eventually this deliverance becomes the substance of a great and exultant strain of prophecy.” (End of quote).
Read Isaiah 1:1-9.
Jerusalem was not finally destroyed until 587 B.C.; however the nation had virtually reached the point of no return by the time Isaiah appears on the scene. They have rejected God, and He is sickened by their moral degradation, their social injustice and their hypocrisy. The Northern kingdom of Israel has already fallen into the hands of the Assyrians. Only Jerusalem, known as ‘the daughter of Zion’, remains. Reference to Sodom and Gomorrah is found in verse 7. (Genesis 19 describes how the Lord God destroyed them because the inhabitants were utterly corrupt; that is with the exception of Lot and his family) Isaiah, proclaiming the word of the Lord, declares in verse 2: “Hear, O heavens! Listen, O earth! For the Lord has spoken.” He calls them to attention, then proclaims in the following verses what the Lord holds against His people. The literal reality is that the land of Judah has been trampled under foreign hordes, only Jerusalem, ’Zion’, is left standing.
Read Isaiah 1:10-17.
Exercise: What do these verses tell you?
J.R. Dummelow in his One-Volume Bible Commentary, page 413, writes: “Owing to the corrupt state of the nation Jehovah will avenge Himself by a judgement, through which, while it proves the destruction of sinners, the people will be purified, and its ideal character realised by the remnant that shall be left (vv. 24-26).” (End of quote).
In verses 11 &12, God despairs and sharpens His tone, going from distaste to revulsion. The specific accusation, which He holds back until final lurid phrase of v.15: “When you spread out your hands in prayer, I will hide my eyes from you; even if you offer many prayers, I will not listen. Your hands are full of blood,” Now the pace quickens from this point to the end of v. 17. This reproach comes because the nation has rebelled against Him. God will put up with their evil deeds no longer, they must repent of their selfish, evil ways, they need to repent and serve Him once again. From now on they must “learn to do right.” All their sacrifices and burnt offerings, their use of incense and their New Moon festivals and appointed feasts are meaningless, unless their heart is right with God. They need to stop doing evil and learn to do that which is pleasing and right in His sight.
Read Isaiah 1:18-20.
The Lord God, their Creator, however, hasn’t given up on His beloved people. It’s as though He is saying, ’I don’t want you to be like this, return to me and I’ll give you another chance. If only they would reason together. “Come now, let us reason together, says the Lord. Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool. If you are willing and obedient, you will eat the best from the land.” What more could they ask for? Here was the Almighty offering complete forgiveness, and a fresh start, if only they would repent of their sin and return to Him in faith and trust. If they resisted and rebelled, they would have to face the consequences: “you will be devoured by the sword. For the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”
Exercise: How does this section apply today?
Read Isaiah 1:21-31.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 1, cont.
In these verses we read of God’s lament and resolve. In verse 21, Jerusalem is described as an unfaithful wife to the Lord. By following idols and foreign gods she has become a harlot in a spiritual sense, having spurned the Holy One of Israel. She has lost her purity. We sometimes use the phrase: ‘How the mighty has fallen’. Her glory has vanished. She who was betrothed to God has forfeited her glory.
God goes on, through Isaiah, to accuse her rulers of miscarriage of justice: “Your rulers are rebels, companions of thieves; they all love bribes and chase after gifts. They do not defend the cause of the fatherless; the widow’s case does not come before them.” (v. 23), The Almighty will purge Jerusalem, declares Isaiah. Yet, further on in the chapter, from verse 26, the promise is that of restoration. The Mighty One of Israel promises to restore Jerusalem, when her rulers will rule in righteousness and truth. In the future she will be known as “the City of Righteousness, the Faithful City.”
Matthew Henry, in his Commentary on The Whole Bible, page 829, writes: (v.26) “I will restore thy judges as at the first, to put the laws in execution against evildoers, and the counsellors, to transact public affairs, as at the beginning.” He does it (v.27) by planting in men’s minds principles of justice and governing their lives by those principles. Men may do much by external restraints; but God does it effectually by the influences of his Spirit. All the redeemed of the Lord shall be converts and their conversion is their redemption: “Her converts, or those that return of her (so the margin) shall be redeemed with righteousness.” The reviving of a people’s virtue is the restoring of their honour: Afterwards thou shalt be called the city of righteousness, the faithful city. Those that hate to be reformed shall be destroyed and not chastened only. The openly profane that have quite cast off all religion, and the hypocrites that have lived wicked lives under the cloak of religious profession shall both be destroyed together. And those that forsake the Lord, to whom they had formerly joined themselves, shall be consumed.” (End of quote).
Exercise: As Christians, what can we learn from Isaiah Chapter 1 & how does it apply for today?
I suggest that we use Hugh Sherlock’s hymn as a prayer to close, 774 Hymns & Psalms.
LORD, thy church on earth is seeking thy renewal from above;
Teach us all the art of speaking with the accents of thy love.
We would heed thy great commission: Go ye into every place-
Preach, baptize, fulfil my mission, serve with love and share my grace.
Freedom give to those in bondage, lift the burdens caused by sin.
Give new hope, new strength and courage, grant release from fears within:
Light for darkness; joy for sorrow; love for hatred; peace for strife.
These and countless blessings follow as the Spirit gives new life.
In the streets of every city where the bruised and lonely dwell,
Let us show the Saviour’s pity, let us of his mercy tell.
In all lands and with all races let us serve, and seek to bring
All the world to render praises, Christ, to thee, Redeemer, King.
More of Your Spirit, Lord, more of Your Spirit, to Your praise and glory! Amen.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 3
Chapters 5 & 6
In chapter 5, God shows, through the prophet Isaiah how His presence will abide with His people, just as it did through earlier times during their wilderness journeys. Also we come across the first song: ‘The Song of the Vineyard’.
May the good Lord bless you in this study.
Read Isaiah 5:1-7.
The New Bible Commentary Third Edition, page 594, reads as follows: “This is a little masterpiece. 1 Its opening, as a love song, catches the ear and the imagination; the vineyard, like the walled garden and orchard in the Song of Solomon, will surely speak of a bride and her beauty, guarded for the bridegroom. 3, 4 But the listeners are brought up short by the anticlimax and the appeal for their opinion-only to find that like David before Nathan (2 Sa. 12:1-7) they have been assenting to their own impeachment.” (End of quote). Jesus, in the parable of the tenants, (Matthew 21:40-43) says: “Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants? He will bring those wretches to a retched end,” “they replied, and he will rent the vineyard to other tenants, who will give him his share of the crop at harvest time.” Jesus said to them, “Have you never read the scriptures: “The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone; the Lord has done this, and it is marvellous in our eyes”? “Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit.”
Exercise: Do you think Isaiah 5 and Matthew 21:40-41 are related in any way? Give the reason for your answer.
Alfred Martin, in his book, ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah’, page 30, writes: “This is the announcement of judgement in the form of a parable. Its presentation as a song may serve to soften the harshness of the prophecy. It shows the favoured position which Israel enjoyed; there can be no question about the interpretation, because it is given in the passage itself (v. 7).” “The vineyard of the Lord Almighty is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are the garden of his delight. And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed; for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.”
So the Jewish nation is God’s vineyard, and He has done all that is necessary to ensure the best possible yield. Sadly, however, the vintage has become bitter, because of this God will abandon His vineyard; but not forever. In chapter 27, Isaiah prophesies the deliverance of His beloved Israel. “In that day – Sing about a fruitful vineyard: I, the Lord, watch over it; I water it continually, I guard it day and night so that no-one may harm it. I am not angry. If only there were briers and thorns confronting me! I would march against them in battle; I would set them all on fire. Or else let them come to me for refuge; let them make peace with me, yes, let them make peace with me. In days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will bud and blossom and fill all the world with fruit.” (Isaiah 27:2-6).
Read Matthew 21:33-44.
Exercise: What, in this parable connects it with Isaiah 5, give reasons for your answer?
Read Isaiah 5:8-30.
In verse 8 of Isaiah 5, vast estates that were built at the expense of the poor, will become waste land. They will indeed become desolate. Isaiah goes on to say: “A ten-acre field will produce only a bath of wine,” (about 22 litres) “a homer of seed only an ephah of grain.” (about a tenth of the
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 3
Chapters 5 & 6
seed sown). The prophet goes on to denounce pride, luxury, drunkenness and injustice. The people have chained themselves to sin like beasts of burden and scoff at the declared judgements of God. We see the perverting of all moral distinctions, much bribery and injustice. Human arrogance is its downfall. God’s justice will surely intervene and, in the closing verses of chapter five, it is seen as an invading army.
We have seen briefly that God’s justice has been vindicated, in the punishment of His people because of their iniquity, which has been fully revealed in all its hideousness; yet God’s grace is still available if they will only turn to Him in truth. The stretched out hand of threatening judgement is accompanied by the loving appeal to every individual who will repent and turn back to God, their Maker and Provider. So we move on to chapter 6, where we see Isaiah’s commission into God’s service.
According to the NIV Study Bible, The year that King Uzziah died was 740 B.C. Isaiah’s commission probably preceded his preaching ministry. The people had mocked the ‘Holy One of Israel’. (5;19) and now he has commissioned Isaiah to call them to account. Uzziah reigned from 792-740 B.C. and was a godly and powerful king.
The effect of Isaiah’s vision, in chapter 6, although he had many visions, set the tone for the rest of his ministry. Some were terrible, yet some were so wonderful that he found it difficult to put them into words. The knowledge that he had seen the Lord with his own eyes and experienced His forgiveness, then sent out in His service would stay with him and sustain him throughout all his life. He would certainly need it because God sent him to a nation that was deaf and blind, a nation that would be destroyed and taken into captivity.
Read Isaiah 6:1-7.
Exercise: You may or may not have had such an experience as Isaiah; however, perhaps you would like to share how the Lord called you into His service?
Alfred Martin writes, pages 32-33: Isaiah could never forget the experience which he describes here. He would never be in doubt about it; he would always remember when it occurred. He dates it: “In the year that king Uzziah died.” Some have imagined that the death of the king, perhaps held in high esteem by the young Isaiah, made it possible for him to open his eyes to wider visions, to see the heavenly king. This is mere speculation, and does not coincide with the dating the prophet uses. The expression, “the year that king Uzziah died,” would indicate that the king was still living when this event took place. If Uzzaih had already died, the prophecy would have been dated according to the reign of Jotham. While we accept the Bible as the verbally inspired word of God and recognize the fact that every word has meaning, we must be careful not to draw false inferences, not to jump to conclusions.
Isaiah saw the Lord. We have already seen that John refers to this experience as a view of Christ’s glory. The Son of God is always the Revealer of God, before His incarnation as well as after: ‘No man has seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he has declared him,’ (John 1:18).” (End of Quote)
Alfred Martin goes on to say: “The One whom Isaiah saw is the absolute Disposer of all events, the absolute Master of men. (I hasten to say women also, in other words – all human beings) His majesty and glory are set forth, as so often in scripture, with a minimum of descriptive words, yet with a graphic power that causes us to see and to feel.
The seraphim are only mentioned here by name in the Bible. The word means literally, “burning ones.” They are evidently angelic beings of a very high order, for they are about the
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 3
Chapters 5 & 6
throne of God and are engaged in continual praise of Him. They help to express to our feeble
powers of perception the intense holiness of God. There is certainly an intimation here of the Trinity – that mysterious but certain doctrine which is only obscurely seen in the Old Testament and blazed forth clearly in the New.” (End of quote) Verse 8 reads as follows: “Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?”
A vision of God gives a person a clear view of themselves as they really are, and Isaiah is no exception, he is overwhelmed by the vision. He cries out (v. 5), “Woe to me! I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the Lord Almighty.” The Almighty has not brought the experience upon Isaiah to bring him into a state of despair, but to realise that He can meet Isaiah at his point of need. Here Isaiah’s confession opens up the way to his cleansing. Sadly many people will not admit to the fact that there is anything wrong with them, never acknowledging their need of a Saviour. Self-righteousness is a hindrance, keeping the Holy One at arm’s length. We have to beware that we don’t fall into that trap. As believers, we too are sometimes barren and unfruitful and, because of our wrong doings, are out of fellowship with our Lord and need to confess our sins. It is so easy to drift away. When we repent and turn back to Him, He will forgive us and in His strength we continue in fellowship with Him. 1 John 1:9 reads as follows: “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.” Isaiah cried out to the Lord, recognising his own unworthiness, at that point one of the seraphs touched Isaiah’s lips with a live coal, saying “See, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away and your sin atoned for.” The live coal here is a symbol of cleansing, Isaiah’s sin has been taken away and the voice of the Lord calls out: “Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?” To which Isaiah replies: “Here am I. Send me!”
Here we see a natural sequence of events. Isaiah experiences the Almighty, confesses his unworthiness and is cleansed from sin, and commissioned into service. Such has been the same down through the ages. It didn’t mean that Isaiah would have an easy time bringing forth the Lord’s message, far from it. Read Isaiah 6:9-13.
This was to be the general state of the Jewish Church when the Messiah came; and, to some degree, has been ever since. Thankfully, all is not lost, a few would remain faithful. “so the holy seed will be the stump in the land.” We are all called to follow Jesus Christ, our tasks will vary but He has promised the Holy Spirit to council and guide us, of that we can be sure.
The hymn 722 in Hymns and Psalms, verses 1 and 4 read as follows:
Who is on the Lord’s side? Who will serve the King?
Who will be his helpers other lives to bring?
Who will leave the world’s side? Who will face the foe?
Who is on the Lord’s side? Who for him will go?
By thy call of mercy, by thy grace divine,
We are on the Lord’s side; Saviour, we are thine.
Chosen to be soldiers in an alien land,
Chosen, called, and faithful, for our Captain’s band.
In the service royal let us not grow cold;
Let us be right loyal, noble, true, and bold.
Master, thou wilt keep us, By thy grace divine,
Always on the Lord’s side, Saviour always thine.
Exercise: God has chosen you to serve Him, in His world today. Spend some time prayerfully considering your calling, asking Him to make it clear and to equip you for the task.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 4
Chapters 9 to 12.
A prophet should speak in a way that can be understood by those to whom the prophecy is being delivered. Having said that, it doesn’t mean that it should be confined to one’s present day, or the immediate future. God’s Spirit may bear the prophet along well into the future. In the case of Isaiah, the Holy Spirit brings to the attention of the people the times of the Messiah, the promised Redeemer.
I trust you will find today’s study helpful and inspiring.
Alfred Martin in his book ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah, page 37, writes: “This section of Isaiah, chapters 7 through 12, is an excellent illustration of this principle. The prophecies were given during the reign of Ahaz (7:1), at a time when Syria and Israel were allied against Judah and the craven, paganised King Ahaz momentarily expected to be destroyed by these two enemy powers. Furthermore, the terrible power of the far mightier Assyria threatened on the horizon. God through his prophet promises deliverance from these enemies, but shows that the ultimate deliverance of His people can only come through the One whose name is Immanuel. In these chapters are some of the best-known prophecies of Christ. (End of Quote).
Read Isaiah 9:1-7.
Exercise: How would you interpret the meaning of these verses from chapter 9?
In this glorious vision, the prophet sweeps his listeners far into the future. Zebulun and Naphtali were the first of the tribes to be crushed by Assyria. Yet they will be the first to be set free by the Prince of Peace. God will honour Galilee of the Gentiles. This is where Jesus, the Prince of Peace, will carry out His ministry, and it was in Galilee of the Gentiles that His public ministry first began. His first miracle performed in Cana in Galilee, “by the way of the sea, along the Jordan” which was the main route from Egypt to Damascus.
J R Dummelow, in his One Volume Bible Commentary, page 421, writes: “This section relates throughout to the kingdom of Israel. It belongs to the same period as the chs. immediately preceding, and threats of the ruin which Isaiah foresaw would shortly overtake the kingdom of the Ten Tribes (7:16 & 8:4). The prophet traces the fall of Israel to the moral and social condition of his people. His prophecy was speedily fulfilled in the conquest of Syria and Israel, by the Assyrian armies. The prophecy falls into four parts, each closing with the refrain, ‘For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.’ (End of quote)
There is reference in chapter 7 to the sign of Immanuel. I quote vv. 10-14: “Again the Lord spoke to Ahaz, “Ask the Lord Your God for a sign, whether in the deepest depths or in the highest heights.” But Ahaz said, “I will not ask; I will not put the Lord to the test,” Then Isaiah said, “Here now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men? Will you try the patience of my God also? Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.”
Matthew Chapter 4:13-16, relates to the beginning of Jesus’ ministry: “Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali – to fulfil what was said by the prophet Isaiah: “Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the way to the sea, along the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles – the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.” The promise of Immanuel has been realized. In Isaiah 7:14, the concentration is on His birth; whereas in 9:6-7 the emphasis is on His divinity as a person.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 4
Chapters 9 to 12 cont.
In chapter 9:8-10:4, Isaiah suddenly switches to the present. Through Isaiah, God warns Israel of what is coming. The breakaway northern kingdom stands condemned for her arrogance, rebellion, injustice and oppression. Although she already has had a taste of judgement, she appears to have learnt nothing from it. Israel appears to have turned a deaf ear to the warnings of Amos and the appeals of Hosea (Isaiah’s contemporary) the two prophets God had specially sent. Now she must suffer the consequence.
Read Isaiah 10:5-34.
Exercise: What is God doing in these verses?
Here God is making use of Assyria, a proud and cruel nation to punish His people, to bring them back to their senses. However, God will not excuse the excessive ferocity of Assyria and Assyria will be punished for it. His purpose is to save His people; if only they would learn the lesson. Sadly, only a remnant of His beloved people will survive to trust and serve Him. In verse 9 we are given a list of Syrian cities and states (with the exception of Samaria) that the Assyrians conquered. The remnant (v. 20) one of Isaiah’s key themes, goes back to the day he was called into God’s service (Isaiah 6) and it runs like a thread of hope through the darkest messages of judgement. This faithful remnant will experience all the glorious promises for the future.
In The Lion Handbook to the Bible, page 382, we read: “Verses 28ff.: Gibeah, just north of Jerusalem was Saul’s capitol; Anathoth, a few miles east, the home of Jeremiah. Isaiah pictures an attack on Jerusalem from the north, the usual route of invading armies from countries to the north or east. Senacherib actually approached from Lachish, to the south-west.” (End of quote).
Read Isaiah 11:1-5.
Exercise: What is your understanding of these verses?
These speak of the child promised in chapter 9, the Messiah will come out of unexpected poverty. The house of David was brought very low at the time of Jesus Christ’s birth, hence “A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.” Power from heaven without measure will be poured upon Him. By Jesus Christ, God’s anger against humanity is turned away. He is our peace. “The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him – the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord – and he will delight in the fear of the Lord.” He will be just and righteous in all the acts of His government. With righteousness He will judge all people with His Father’s authority.
Matthew Henry, in his Commentary on The Whole Bible, page 846, writes: “Behold and wonder; God is my salvation; not only my Saviour, by whom I am saved, but my salvation, in whom I am safe.” We have work to do and temptations to resist, and we may depend on him to enable us for both. We have many troubles to undergo, and we may depend on him to comfort us in all our tribulations, for he giveth songs in the night. ... Therefore, because the Lord Jehovah is your strength and song and will be your salvation, out of the wells of salvation in God, who is the fountain of all good to his people, you shall draw water with joy. God’s promises revealed, ratified, and given out to us, in his ordinances, are wells of salvation.”
So the promised King will be from David’s line (Jesse being David’s father). He will possess The Spirit of God Himself. Like God, He will be just, righteous and faithful in all His ways. His kingdom will cover the whole world, completely free of enmity and evil, completely transformed, with the song of salvation on everyone’s lips. Isaiah puts it beautifully: “The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them.”
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 4
Chapters 9 to 12.
Read Isaiah 11:6-16.
The prophet is pointing to the time when there will be a new God-centred earth. Isaiah 11:9-10 reads: “They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea. In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his place of rest will be glorious.” (see also Revelation 21).
Read Isaiah 12.
This brief chapter is a song of Praise and Redemption. Alfred Martin in his book ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah, page 45, writes: “This lovely song, with which the section closes, expresses the praise and thanksgiving of the Godly remnant of Israel in the coming day of salvation, “that day” (v. 1). It is in two parts (vv. 1, 2 and vv. 3-6). The first part looks back upon the judgement of God and then rests in His comfort (cf. 40:1). It acknowledges God as “strength,” “song,” and “salvation.”
The second part is a pure hymn of praise, celebrating the “Holy One of Israel” in the midst of His people in Zion.” (End of quote).
He also says, page 42,: “In Jesus Christ are “hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge” (Col. 2:3). No wonder that his name is “Counsellor.” His almighty power, manifested in Creation and available to us, is seen in His title. “The mighty God.” He is “The Father of eternity,” the One who nourishes and protects His own forever. He is the Prince of Peace, the one who brings peace to the individual and who will ultimately bring peace to the world. His kingdom with its resultant peace will continue (9:7). In order to show the certainty of this the statement is made, “The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this,” a statement which occurs only in two other places (Isa. 37:32; 11 Kings 19:31). (End of quote).
This reminds me of a song, 570 in Complete Mission Praise, composed by Chris Bowater:
Reign in me, sovereign Lord, reign in me,
reign in me, sovereign Lord, reign in me.
Captivate my heart, let Your kingdom come,
establish there Your throne, let Your will be done!
Reign in me, sovereign Lord, reign in me.
Reign in me, sovereign Lord, reign in me.
Exercise: Has this study helped you in any way? If so, explain.
You might like to use the following hymn, by Cecil Frances Alexander, as a prayer of commitment.
Jesus calls us! O’er the tumult of our life’s wild restless sea,
Day by day his clear voice soundeth, saying: ‘Christian, follow me’;
As of old apostles heard it by the Galilean lake,
Turned from home and toil and kindred, leaving all for his dear sake.
Jesus calls us from the worship of the vain world’s golden store,
From each idol that would keep us, saying, ‘Christian, love me more’.
In our joys and in our sorrows, days of toil and hours of ease,
Still he calls, in cares and pleasures: ‘Christian, love me more than these’.
Jesus calls us! By thy mercies, Saviour, make us hear thy call,
Give our hearts to thine obedience, serve and love thee best of all.
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 5
In the next few chapters, through the prophet Isaiah, God is warning the various nations of judgement. So we see a number of prophecies given in chapters 13-23 against foreign nations at various times. His concern is not limited to Israel because the world was His then and is now. We will also explore a little further into the book of Isaiah.
May the Lord bless you as you explore further.
Chapter 13-14:23, concerns Babylon. In the time of the prophet Isaiah, Babylon was struggling for independence from Assyria. Isaiah looks one hundred years ahead when Babylon will be at the very height of her power; then looks beyond that to the day when Babylon falls to the Medes and Persians led by Cyrus. “I will rise up against them,” declares the Lord Almighty. “I will cut off from Babylon her name and survivors, her offspring and descendants,” declares the Lord. The city was destroyed in 478 B.C., and abandoned in the 4th century B.C. (Babylon also serves as a cover-word for Rome.) In verses 24-27, we discover that Assyria’s fate is also sealed. Then there is the prophecy against the Philistines, the old enemies of Israel who occupy the coastal plain, and it seems that the Philistines are doomed. “Wail, O gate! Howl, O city! Melt away, all you Philistines! A cloud of smoke comes from the north, and there is not a straggler in its ranks” (14:31).
Chapters 15-16 concerns the Moabites, who were descendants of Abraham’s nephew Lot, who occupied the plateau land east of the Dead Sea. It was where Naomi’s daughter-in-law, Ruth came from. Although they were usually on good terms with the Israelites, they did not share in their faith. Israel is stirred somewhat by Moab’s suffering, just three short years away: “This is the word the Lord has already spoken concerning Moab. But now the Lord says: “Within three years, as a servant bound by contract would count them, Moab’s splendour and all her many people will be despised, and her survivors will be very few and feeble.” (16:13-14). Moab sends to Jerusalem for help (see vv. 1-5), urges His people to take the fugitives in.
Chapter 17 is an Oracle against Damascus. In this prophecy Isaiah speaks out against Israel for siding with Syria against their own brother nation of Judah. “See Damascus will no longer be a city but will become a heap of ruins.” (v.1b). The people will be so desperate that they will turn back to the Living God: “In that day men will look to their Maker and turn their eyes to the Holy One of Israel. They will not look to the altars, the work of their hands, and they will have no regard for the Asherah poles and the incense altars their fingers have made.” (Vv. 7-8) That is the Canaanite cult images and alters.
Exercise: Why do you think people seem to turn to the true God, whom they have previously rejected, when things go wrong?
In chapter 18, Isaiah’s prophecy is against Cush, which in Isaiah’s day was ruled by Ethiopians.
Cush being in the Upper Nile region, in what is now modern Sudan. There is the Assyrian threat bringing envoys from afar, but God will deal with the invader on the very eve of victory and the far-off nation will send gifts in grateful homage to God. Verse 7 reads: “At that time gifts will be brought to the Lord Almighty from a people tall and smooth-skinned, from a people feared far and wide, an aggressive nation of strange speech, whose land is divided by rivers – the gifts will be brought to Mount Zion, the place of the Name of the Lord Almighty.”
In chapter 19 Isaiah prophesies the disintegration of Egypt: internal strife, followed by conquest, a ruined economy and breakdown of leadership. (19:1-15). However, in the following verses we discover God’s ultimate purpose, the conversion of Egypt. In ‘The Lion Handbook to the Bible’, page 384-5, we read: “’That day’ (i.e. the day of God’s judgement – both temporal and final – a
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 5 cont.
frequent phrase throughout Isaiah) is the day of God’s final intervention in judgement and salvation on a worldwide scale. ‘That day,’ the New Testament tells us, is the day of Christ’s return.
After Jerusalem fell in 587 there were numerous influential colonies of Jews in Egypt and in Assyria. A copy of the Jewish temple was even constructed at Leontopolis in Egypt about 170 B.C. But all that was only a pale shadow of what Isaiah envisages here.” (End of quote). The chapter closes with verses 23-25 – “In that day there will be a highway from Egypt to Assyria. The Assyrians will go to Egypt and the Egyptians to Assyria. The Egyptians and Assyrians will worship together. In that day Israel will be the third, along with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing on the earth.
The Lord Almighty will bless them, saying, “Blessed be Egypt my people, Assyria my handiwork, and Israel my inheritance.”
In chapter 20, we have a prophecy against Egypt and Cush (Ethiopia). It was 711 B.C. when the Assyrians crushed the Philistine rebellion at Ashdod. The support expected from Egypt had not materialized. God instructs Isaiah, in verse 2, to play the role of a slave, which he does for three years, wearing only a loin-cloth, as a sign of the coming captivity of Egypt.
Then there are, in chapter 21, three prophecies. The first is against Babylon: “An oracle concerning the Desert by the Sea” (v. 1a). The downfall of Babylon will be good news to the captives from Israel. Isaiah is appalled by what he foresees, a temporary respite for Dumah (Edom); however, Judgement would follow at later date. Not even Arabia with her remote tribes will escape Assyria’s onslaught. (This became a reality in 715 B.C. when Sargon attacked Arabia.
Chapter 22: Here we see Jerusalem described as the ‘Valley of Vision’. Jerusalem was where the prophet Isaiah was based and the place where he had his visions. He sees the future destruction of Jerusalem, which Nebuchadnezzar the 2nd of Babylon eventually took the city in 587 B.C. after a terrible siege in 587 B.C., when the walls were broken down and the temple destroyed. As verse 8 says: “the defences of Judah are stripped away.”
Then in chapter 23 we have a prophecy by Isaiah concerning Tyre. Tyre (modern Sour in Lebanon) dominated the sea-trade in the eastern Mediterranean for centuries. Tyre’s colonies, Cyprus being the nearest, were widespread. Her ships sailed far afield, even as far as the Indian Ocean and, would you believe it, the English Channel. Their major trade being in Egyptian grain. Verse 3 reads: “On the great waters came the grain of Shihor; the harvest of the Nile was the revenue of Tyre, and she became the market place of the nations.” However, she became a corrupted city, corrupted by her own wealth and success. Such corruption caused Isaiah to warn the citizens of Tyre of the approaching end. It happened in 722 B.C. when the city fell to the Assyrians. ‘The Lion Handbook to the Bible’, page 386, tells us: In 701 the ruler of Tyre fled to Cyprus as Senacherib approached. As Assyria declined, Tyre regained her power, only to lose it again to the Babylonians.” (End of quote)
Exercise: In what ways can wealth and success corrupt one’s life?
Alfred Martin ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah, page 47, writes: “Only the veteran student of prophecy can link up these burdens with similar passages in other prophets, notably in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. It is not the intention of the present survey to make the study burdensome. There are, however, general principles which we can learn even with the most cursory acquaintance with chapters such as these. One such principle is God’s absolute justice, the fact that He will hold every nation accountable for its actions. Another precious truth which can be gleaned from such a study is the place of prophecy as a confirmation of God’s Word. The fact that these nations of ancient times met their destinies as prophesied in the Bible is in very truth the Word of God.” (End of quote).
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 5 cont.
We move from God’s judgement on specific nations to chapters 24-27, to God’s final judgement and victory on the whole world and everything in it. Life will not go on just as it always did. The day will come when the Almighty will step in and bring an end to the world as we know it. Of this Isaiah is in no doubt. God’s purpose is not to condemn the world but to save it. Jesus Christ spoke about this Himself: (see Matthew 24-25). Whilst Isaiah 24 is about judgement, which the close of the chapter proves, verse 23 reads: “The moon will be abashed, the sun ashamed; for the Lord Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders gloriously.” Chapters 25-27 are about God’s glorious salvation.
In chapter 25, we see Isaiah opening it with a joyful song of praise, “O Lord you are my God; I will exalt you and praise your name, for in perfect faithfulness you have done marvellous things, things planned long ago.” where God makes the weak and helpless His concern (vv. 1-5), leading to a description of the joys awaiting them on the far side of judgement (vv. 6-12). In that day God’s people will be glad that they have waited on Him. What a contrast to the impatience of this restless world. The day of waiting, interminable though it sometimes seems, will have an end; the day of rejoicing in God’s completed salvation will be eternal.
Isaiah breaks into song again in Chapter 26: “In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah: We have a strong city; God makes salvation its walls and ramparts. Open the gates that the righteous nation may enter, the nation that keeps faith. You will keep in perfect peace him whose mind is steadfast, because he trusts in you.” The theme of Isaiah’s prophecy here is ‘trust’. “Trust in the Lord for ever, for the Lord, the Lord is the Rock eternal.” As we progress through this chapter we discover that in life there is a period of waiting (from verse 8), which I’m certain we all go through, also a period of suffering and failure (vv.16-18).
Exercise: How can you identify with what is said in chapter 26?
Alfred Martin ‘The Salvation of Jehovah Isaiah’, page 52, writes: “Here is a song which cannot be sung in fullness of meaning just now. It will be sung “in that day” (v. 1). Happily, though, application can be made now. The believer in any period of history can find in God the perfect peace described in the song (v.3). How many songs and hymns have been based on this passage!
Stayed upon Jehovah hearts are fully blest,
Finding as He promised, perfect peace and rest.
Best known of all, Toplady’s immortal “Rock of Ages,” the title taken from the literal Hebrew of verse 4:
For in JAH JEHOVAH is the Rock of ages.
God’s indignation and the Regathering of Israel
The indignation refers to the Day of Jehovah, mentioned so many times elsewhere in the prophets. From this tribulation the remnant of Israel will be protected (v. 20; cf. Rev. 12). Then will ensue such a regathering of Israel as has not previously been known. This is undoubtedly the regathering mentioned by the Lord Jesus Christ in Matthew 24:31:
And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect
from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. (End of quote).
In the New Bible Commentary Third Edition, page 605, we read, Chapter 27: “A people for God
27:2-6 The Fruitful Vineyard. The loving care (vv. 2ff.) and teeming fruitfulness (v.6) must be seen against the setting of ch. 5, the vineyard that failed and was abandoned. Here is the end to which God has been working. 4, 5 These cryptic verses may be understood to mean that God’s wrath is no longer against His vineyard, only against the thorns and briers (That is, His people’s
Extracts From The Prophet Isaiah, Session 5 cont.
enemies) which overran it in 5:6; and even these antagonists He would rather reconcile than destroy. 6 The fruit which will benefit the world is interpreted in 5:7 as justice and righteousness.” (There is a reminder in 37:31 that morally as well as physically, root is a precondition of fruit.) “27:7-11 Fruitful hardship, fruitless power. This section brings out the contrast between the measured hardship which would be the making of Israel (vv. 7-9), and the utter disaster which would break the tyrant (vv.10-11). ... 27:12, 13 Harvest home. The harvest depicted is that of orchard and vineyard, rather than cornfield, since the gleaning comes after, not before, the beating, as Kissane points out. Thresh out should therefore be ‘beat off’ (the fruit), as in AV, RV. The two verses show the Lord’s final triumph, in terms not of conquest or new creation (as it can be pictured) but simply of persons gathered in and brought home. This is, after all, the heart of the matter (cf. Rev. 7:9ff.). (End of quote).
Exercise: What have you found to be helpful most in this study and why?
You may like to use Toplady’s hymn as a prayer to close. (273 Hymns & Psalms).
Rock of Ages, cleft for me, let me hide myself in thee;
Let the water and the blood, from thy riven side which flowed,
Be of sin a double cure, cleanse me from its guilt and power.
Not the labour of my hands can fulfil the law’s demands;
Could my zeal no respite know, could my tears forever flow,
All for sin could not atone: thou must save, and thou alone.
Nothing in my hand I bring, simply to thy cross I cling;
Naked, come to thee for dress; helpless, look to thee for grace;
Foul, I to the fountain fly; wash me, Saviour, or I die.
While I draw this fleeting breath, when my eyes shall close in death,
When I soar through tracts unknown, see thee on thy judgement throne,
Rock of ages, cleft for me, let me hide myself in thee.
Luke, Chapter 14, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Welcome to our study of Luke 14. It’s quite a short chapter about Jesus at the home of a Pharisee.
There is, however, some great teaching to be found there. May the Holy Spirit guide you in your study and bless you richly.
Read Luke 14:1-6. Q.1. Why were the Pharisees keeping a close watch on Jesus?
Q.2. Why didn’t they answer Jesus’ question (v. 3)?
Q.3. Why couldn’t the answer Jesus’ question (v. 5)?
Read Luke 14:7-11. Q.4. What was the purpose of Jesus telling this parable?
Read Luke 14:12-14. Q.5. Why do you think Jesus spoke to His host in this way?
Read Luke 14:15-24. Q.6. What is the meaning of this parable?
Read Luke 14:25-27. Q.7. What is Jesus really saying in these verses?
Read Luke 14:28-30. Q.8. What is Jesus implying in this important section?
Read Luke 14:31-33. Q.9. What is your take on this statement of Jesus?
Read Luke 14:34-35. Q.10. What your understanding of this section?
Q.11. What did you find most helpful in this chapter?
Luke, Chapter 12, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Again we have quite a lengthy chapter, not all of which is easy to understand. I suggest one spends a little time reading it through before attempting to give your answers. Jesus is presenting before this vast gathering various warnings and encouragements. What applied to those gathered then, apply equally to us today. May the Lord bless you by His Spirit throughout your study.
Every Blessing in Christ Jesus,
Read Luke 12:1-7. Q.1. Why do you think Jesus addressed his disciples in this way?
Read Luke 12:8-12. Q.2. What is important regarding Jesus’ teaching here?
Read Luke 12:13-21. Q.3. What must we guard against and why?
Read Luke 12:22-34. Q.4. Why should the disciples of Jesus Christ not worry?
Q.5. Why is seeking God’s kingdom so important?
Read Luke 12:35-40. Q.6. Why do you think Jesus is giving such advice?
Read Luke 12:41-48. Q.7. What do you think of Jesus’ reply to Peter’s question, give the reason
for your reply?
Read Luke 12:49-53. Q.8. What baptism did Jesus have to undergo?
Q.9. Why would Jesus bring division?
Read Luke 12:54-59. Q.10. What’s the truth indicated by Jesus in these closing verses?
Luke, Chapter 11, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Today we look at chapter 11. Again, it is quite lengthy but I hope it will give you something to think about and work through. You may well find that you will have think long and hard in parts, but with prayer and the guidance of the Holy Spirit, I’m sure the Lord will bless you as progress through.
Every blessing in Christ Jesus,
Luke 11:1-4. Q.1. When did you first learn the Lord’s Prayer and what does it mean to you?
Luke 11:5-13. Q. 2. What is Jesus really saying here?
Luke 11:14-28. Q.3. Why do you think some falsely accused Jesus?
Q.4. How do you feel about Jesus’ explanation?
Q.5. What caused the woman (v. 27) to call out like she did?
Luke 11:29-32. Q.6. What did Jesus mean here?
Luke 11:33-36. Q.7. How can one apply this to one’s own life?
Luke 11:37-41. Q.8. What can we learn from what Jesus is saying here?
Luke 11:42-46. Q.9. What can we learn here, to help us live good Christian lives?
Luke 11:47-53. Q.10. What impression does this passage leave and why?
Luke, Chapter 10, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
I pray that the study of this tenth chapter of the ‘Gospel According to Luke’ will be beneficial to you. May the Lord guide you through it by His Holy Spirit, and help build you up in the faith.
Read Luke 10:1-7. Q.1. What did Jesus mean in verse 2?
Q.2. What is the pattern for evangelism here, how might we apply it?
Read Luke 10:8-16. Q.3. What is Jesus implying here?
Q.4. What do you make of the rest of this section?
Read Luke 10:17-24. Q.5. Read verse 17 again. Why do you think that was?
Q.6. What do you make of the rest of this section?
Read Luke 10:25-28. Q.7. What do these verses mean to you personally?
Read Luke 10:29-37. Q.8. What was Jesus’ point in telling this story?
Q.9. In what way does this apply to you today?
Read Luke 10:38-42. Q.10. What can we learn from this section?
Luke, Chapter 9, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Again we have quite a lengthy chapter, covering important stages in the life of Jesus and His disciples. I expect it covers some of your favourite topics; it certainly does for me. May the Holy Spirit guide us and enlighten us in our study of Luke Chapter 9.
Read Luke 9:1-9. Q.1. Why were the twelve able to preach the gospel and heal so many?
Q.2. Why was Herod so perplexed, and what was his reaction?
Read Luke 9:10-17. Q.3. Why do you think Jesus replied (v.13) “You give them something to eat.”?
Read Luke 9:18-27. Q.4. How did Peter know that Jesus was the Christ?
Q.5. What did Jesus mean (v.25) and how does it apply in your life?
Read Luke 9:28-36. Q.6. What was wrong with what Peter suggests in verse 33?
Read Luke 9:37-45. Q.7. Why could the disciples not drive out the evil spirit?
Read Luke 9:46-50. Q.8. What was Jesus teaching His disciples in this section?
Read Luke 9:51-56. Q.9. What is your take on this section?
Read Luke 9:57-62. Q.10. What is the cost of discipleship, according to Jesus?
Q.11. In what ways has this study helped your discipleship?
Luke, Chapter 8, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
This Chapter is quite a long one; however I trust you will enjoy reading it and receive much blessing and inspiration through it. May the Holy Spirit guide you throughout.
Read Luke 8:1-9. Q.1. Why do you think the women mentioned were supporting Jesus?
Q.2. What did Jesus mean by “He who has ears to hear, let him hear”?
Read Luke 8:9-15. Q.3. What was Jesus getting at in verse 10?
Read Luke 8:16-18. Q.4. Jesus spoke these words for a reason. What was it?
Read Luke 8:19-21. Q.5. Was this an insult? If not, what was Jesus really saying?
Read Luke 8:22-25. Q.6. If you went through a similar experience, what would your reaction be?
Read Luke 8:26-39. Q.7. What were the people afraid of that they asked Jesus to leave?
Q.8. How can we apply verses 38-39 to our lives, even to oneself?
Read Luke 8:40-56. Q.9. How do you think Jairus must have felt, when Jesus was delayed?
Q.10. In what ways might the healing of this woman apply to you and me?
Q.11. How often do we bear testimony as this woman did?
Q.12. What do these verses tell us about Jesus’ dealings with people in need, and how can we apply it in our lives?
1 & 2 Peter Session 9
Peter, the shepherd of Christ’s flock, appointed by Jesus Himself (John 21:15-22) has dealt at length with false teachers. He is ever so concerned about the damage they have done within the churches, and will do in the future if allowed to have their way. He now turns his readers’ attention back to the importance of their growth in holiness, from which he has digressed in the previous chapter.
(Read 2 Peter 3:1-2).
Here, Peter stresses the unity of this letter with his previous one (1 Peter) and the consistency of his teaching with the Old Testament prophets and that of the other apostles: “I want you to recall the words spoken in the past by the holy prophets and the command given by our Lord and Saviour through your apostles” (2 Peter 3:2). The NIV Study Bible says: “Peter places the O.T. prophets and the N.T. apostles on an equal plane. Both are vehicles of God’s sacred truth. Peter, being one of the apostles, can speak with knowledge and authority as a representative of the apostolic group.” (End of Quote)
(Read 2 Peter 3:3-10)
Exercise: What do these verses say to you?
J R Dummelow, The One-Volume Bible Commentary, p. 1051, writes: “This Second Epistle is a reminder of what prophets and apostles have said. Those who would understand it must first know that, though mockers will deny this, there will be an end to the present world by fire, as once it was overwhelmed by water. This will be a day of judgement and destruction for the ungodly. ... As for the delay, which induces some to doubt this, time to God is not what it is to us, and His delay is due to His longsuffering will that men” (and women) “should be saved. When the day does come, it will be sudden, and since it is surely approaching, we ought to be preparing the way for it by holy living.” (End of quote)
Matthew Henry, in his Commentary, p. 750, says similar: “There will be scoffers, men who will make a mock of sin, and of salvation from it. God’s way of saving sinners by Jesus Christ is what men will scoff at, and that in the last days, under the gospel. The spirituality and simplicity of New Testament worship are directly contrary to the carnal mind of man. This is mentioned as a thing well known to all Christians.” He goes on to say: “What sort of persons they are: they walk after their own lusts, they follow the devices and desires of their own hearts. ... They will scoffingly say, Where is the promise of his coming?” (v. 4) (End of Quote) Such people will laugh at the very mention of it and much more.
David Pawson, in his Commentary, p. 207, writes: “The second letter of Peter might be subtitled “a school for Christians”. We have been studying it from this point of view. In 2 Peter 1 we looked at various lessons that Christians need to learn in the school for Christians. In chapter 2 we considered the teachers in the school for Christians. Chapter 3 tells us that one day the school will end.” (He goes on to share a little humorous story that I’ll share with you.) “I heard a lovely story of a little boy who was sent off to school at the age of five for his first day, and at four o’clock the teacher said, “You can go home now.” He stared in disbelief and then he said, “My Dad said I was here for ten years!” When you are at school it seems to stretch ahead, homework seems eternal, and you think you will never get away from it. But one day school ends. At the end of school there is usually an examination. Therefore the more you think of the end of school, the more you will prepare for your finals.” ... “There will come a day then, when school closes down – this world as we know it will disappear and we will have finished our learning. God will test us to see how much we have learned while we have been in the school for Christians. But how will school end? Ringing a bell? Well, a trumpet is going to sound. But there is also a disaster that is going to end
1 & 2 Peter Session 9 cont.
school. The school of this world is going to end tragically, disastrously, unexpectedly, and Peter is
talking about this and telling us to be ready for the day the school goes.” (End of Quote) see v. 10.
So one day ‘the day of the Lord’ will come, and catch many unawares. There are many warnings of this in the Old Testament by the prophets and also in the New Testament. In the past every person will have had their day, whether believers or not; but the time is coming when God will have His day and what He says will be obeyed and come to pass. On that day the Lord will come, Jesus will return! The question is: Are we, am I, are you, ready and, prepared, to meet Him?
Exercise: Think seriously about this: Am I ready for my Saviour’s return?
There was a time when the very thought of the end of the world would have been laughed at by most people, it seemed a ridiculous idea; however, with the state of the world today: hatred, greed, jealousy, conflicts, poverty, climate change, plastic pollution, pandemics and much more, many can see things building up to a huge crisis and disaster. One wonders how long it will be before God says: enough is enough, I’m Stepping in, the time has come for a new heaven and a new earth.
Read Revelation 21:1-5.
In the first chapter of Genesis we read how God created the heavens and the earth; however, because the people he created fell into sin and spoiled His creation, God promised a Saviour. That Saviour, Christ/Messiah, came in the person of Jesus, the son of Mary. Jesus’ teaching was “You must be born again.” Jesus came with the promise of ‘new life’, not only in this world but the next, which He would prepare for us on His return to the Father. The regeneration begins in this life, having been redeemed through the shed blood of the crucified and risen Christ, and born anew and counselled by the Holy Spirit, the Father accepts us into His promised kingdom. The universe, as we know it, will pass away, and there will be “a new heaven and a new earth”. He, Jesus, “who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” (Revelation 21:2).
In the days of Noah, (see Genesis 6-8) the world of that time “was deluged and destroyed by water,” (1 Peter 3:6). Peter tells us in verse 7: “By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgement and destruction of ungodly men.” (I hasten to add women are not exempt).
Pawson adds, page 211: “One of the frightening things about the Bible is God means what he says. Now here is the second group of scoffers who say “Oh it will never happen – it’s all right, you can’t go on forever; the world will always be there” – but it won’t. (End of Quote).
If we want to spend eternity with Jesus Christ, who is ‘the Way, the Truth and the Life’ then we must abide by His rules. Jesus came to save us from destruction and if we want to spend eternity with Him, we must abide by His teaching. (Read John 3:16-21).
Read 2 Peter 3:11-13.
Exercise: How do these verses make you feel, and why?
We have God’s word that it will happen, that the old will be destroyed and the new will come. In the beginning God spoke with such power that the world came into being (Genesis 1-3). The world, as we know it, will pass away and a new heaven and a new earth God has promised in all its perfection. God is going to make ‘everything new’ (Revelation 21:2). The question many people ask is: ‘But when!’
1 & 2 Peter Session 9 cont.
In The Lion Handbook to The Bible, page 639, one reads: “If God ‘delays’ it is out of mercy, not weakness. The certainty that Jesus will come, and that it could happen any day, is our strongest incentive to Christian living. We want to be ready. We want him to be pleased with what he finds – and we may have only today.
So by delaying the day of destruction, our loving heavenly Father is being merciful to the human race; however, one day the end will come and we must be ready, prepared for Him to receive us into His eternal home, so that we might dwell with Him and enjoy Him forever.
Read 2 Peter 3:14-18.
Here, Peter is encouraging the Christians to whom he is writing, who are precious in his sight, and in the sight of Jesus their Redeemer, Saviour and Lord, to keep the faith at all costs. He calls them ‘Dear friends’. They are to make every effort to keep the faith. The significance for Christians of the ‘second coming’ is repeated. Peter stresses, yet again, the importance of ‘holy living’, if they are to be ready for Christ’s return. Chapter 3:14-15 reads: “So then, dear friends, since you are looking forward to this, make every effort to be found spotless, blameless and at peace with him. Bear in mind that the Lord’s patience means salvation, just as our dear brother Paul also wrote to you with wisdom that God gave him.” Both Peter and Paul agree on this matter (see Romans chapter 6). One must be prepared for the ‘Second Coming’ of the Saviour.
Peter concludes by encouraging those to whom he is writing (us included) to “be on your guard so that you may not be carried away by the error of lawless men and fall from your secure position. But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever! Amen. (2 Peter 3:17-18).
Exercise: How has this session helped you?
I’d like to close with a hymn that doesn’t appear in any of our ‘modern’ hymn books. It’s one we used to sing many years ago; however, it can be found in Redemption Songs, number 679. I trust you will find it helpful and encouraging.
Yield not to temptation, for yielding is sin; each vict’ry will help you some other to win;
Fight manfully onward, dark passions subdue; look ever to Jesus, He will carry you through.
Chorus: Ask the Saviour to help you, comfort, strengthen, and keep you;
He is willing to help you, He will carry you through.
Shun evil companions, bad language disdain, God’s name hold in rev’rence, nor take it in vain;
Be thoughtful and earnest, kind hearted and true; Look ever to Jesus, He will carry you through.
To him that o’ercometh, God giveth a crown, Through faith we will conquer, though often cast down;
He who is our Saviour, our strength will renew; Look ever to Jesus, He will carry you through.
Such is God’s love for us that He has given us a Saviour in Jesus Christ, in whom we have abundant life. Keep the faith, by placing your life in His hands, and you will have nothing to fear in this life or the next.
The Lord bless you and keep you safe in His love, both now and always,
1 & 2 Peter Session 8
I expect all of us have at some point used the expression: ‘To be forewarned is to be forearmed’. This is precisely what Peter is doing in 2 Peter Chapter 2. Peter is taking great pains to warn his readers against false teachers who, if not already, will soon be disrupting Christian fellowships that go to make up the Church. Read 2 Peter 2:1-3.
David Pawson writes in his commentary, page 193: “Now in this chapter Peter is teaching: you are pupils in God’s school; choose your teachers; choose the good ones, sit under them, and avoid the bad ones. For from the very beginning, where the truth of God has gone, the lies of Satan have very quickly followed. Wherever God’s truth has been preached, Satan sends along a man to twist it and pervert it. There are two ways that Satan attacks the church of Christ. One of them is dealt with in the first letter of Peter; the other is dealt with in the second letter. The first way is persecution from the outside. The first letter of Peter is all about the sufferings that come when the church is attacked from outside. The other way the devil attacks the church, which is usually more effective, is by perversion within rather than persecution from without – by planting within the very church of Christ those who will take the Word of God and twist it and preach what is not God’s truth.” (End of quote).
Exercise: You may have experienced such teachers. What do you think motivates them?
One often finds that they have little or no respect for authority, self-gratification their main interest, exploiting others for profit. Sadly, they are not always easy to detect, leading people away with false hope. Not only do they destroy themselves, they also destroy others in the process. Such people are to be avoided at all cost, is Peter’s warning here. False teachers of Peter’s day tended to argue that it did not matter how Christians behaved – ‘once saved always saved’ – that because they had given their lives to Christ, it didn’t matter how they lived from that point on, Christ would still receive them into His kingdom.
As in pre-Christian times, there were false prophets as well as true prophets, and it still is so. J R
Dummelow, in his One-Volume Commentary, pages 1050-1051, writes: “These teachers, who had
doubtless been baptised, claimed, it would seem, to be prophets, and therefore to be outside
ordinary rules and discipline: they put a ‘private interpretation’ on such matters. Hence they fell
into the sin of pride, and rebelled against official authority; and of lust and covetousness, despising
the laws of morality. The Apostle shows, by the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, that sure
punishment is ready for them, but that God will preserve the faithful from their seductions.” (End of
Read 2 Peter 2:4-10.
Tom Wright, in his Bible Study Guide for Everyone, page 47, writes: “The stories in verses 4-8 are
drawn from the early chapters of Genesis, and they reflect subsequent Jewish traditions in which
the plots and the characters are developed a bit further. Peter’s readers would be more familiar
with these stories than we are. Notice that the wickedness which God judges is not so much
offbeat teaching about theoretical matters, but the practices which give the game away: sin,
ungodliness, and shameful and unprincipled behaviour. Nonetheless, Peter doesn’t simply
highlight the dangers of false teaching and behaviour and the fact that God will bring judgement
upon such things. He is more encouraging than that.” (End of Quote)
Exercise: This is strong stuff, and difficult to accept. What is your take on it?
What is devastating about false prophets and teachers is: when one listens to them in the first instance, they can be quite impressive, leaving one with the feeling, ‘this is good, we need to hear more of this. I like the sound of this, even though it is not quite what I expected.’ Peter is saying, ‘Beware, what they are teaching is very dangerous, while it may sound good, they are leading you astray!’
1 & 2 Peter Session 8, cont.
Paul Gardner, in his book, Focus on the Bible 2 Peter & Jude, page 58, writes, regarding Peter: “He has been speaking about the truthful testimony to the gospel, to Christ and to the Second Coming which is to be found in the message of the apostles and in the writings of the Old Testament prophets. They have spoken the mind and will of God on the matter. The apostles were able to do so because they had seen the glorified Lord and heard the Father pronounce on the matter. The writers of the Old Testament were able to do so because they had been moved by the Spirit of God to record and speak out the mind of God. Peter has thus defended biblical authority and the specific content of the message which has been challenged by false teachers.” (End of Quote). See 2 Peter 1:16: “We did not follow cleverly invented stories when we told you about the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eye-witnesses of his majesty.”
During the whole history of God’s people there have been false teachers and false prophets, and this will no doubt continue until Jesus Christ returns in glory.
Read 2 Peter 2:10-22.
Tom Wright writes again on page 47: “It’s a pity we today don’t reflect more on angels, on what they are and what they do. They turn up all over the place, of course – on calendars, on Christmas trees, on greetings cards and so on. We rather like the idea of angels, but we have made them cosy and domestic. They are safe like that. We don’t need to take them seriously. But in fact God’s creation is peopled with all kinds of beings, and it seems that the angels have a hand in running the world, so that people who want to cast off authority begin by rubbishing the God-given invisible powers that stand behind human authorities.” (End of Quote)
Exercise: What have you experienced, regarding the presence of angels in your life?
Most people have no regard for angels, apart from Christmas time as they act out the story of Jesus birth, especially in schools. The appearance of the angel to Mary, telling her that she is going to have a baby and she must name him Jesus, and a handful of children acting as the heavenly host appearing to the shepherds in the fields near Bethlehem. Then there is the expression ‘Oh, you’re an angel’, when someone does one a favour or some deed of kindness.
However, angels are spiritual beings who do God’s bidding. I think of the account in Genesis 19, when two angels arrive at Sodom one evening when Lot was sitting in the entrance to the city. They warn Lot of the city’s destruction, telling him to flee the city with his immediate family and not look back. Verses 16-17 read like this: “When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two daughters and led them safely out of the city, for the Lord was merciful to them. As soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, “Flee for your lives! Don’t look back, and don’t stop anywhere in the plain! Flee to the mountains or you will be swept away!
Peter refers to the story of Balaam, a classic example of a false teacher, in verses 15-16. He was doing his best for financial gain from Israel’s enemies by cursing Israel, that is until his own donkey spoke up and rebuked him. His donkey saw the angel of the Lord standing in the road ahead of them with drawn sword, and she reacted by crushing Balaam’s leg against a wall. She had already turned off the road into a field and received a beating from Balaam. After several attempts to move forward past the angel and being severely beaten by Balaam, the Lord opens the donkey’s mouth and she speaks to her master. Then the angel reveals himself to Balaam, telling him what he must do. (Read the account in Numbers chapter 22)
Exercise: 1. What happenings can you recall in the Old Testament where God uses angels?
Exercise: 2. Can you recall some occasions when God uses angels in the New Testament?
1 & 2 Peter Session 8, cont.
Regarding false teachers, these have been involved in ‘love feasts’, in the sacred feasts that in the early church accompanied the Lord’s Supper. It appears that these false teachers injected their carousing into these holy observances, delighting in their shameless acts.
David Pawson writes, pages 202-203: “their degradation, shown in a number of horrible pictures. Peter gives us an image first of a waterless spring – what a contradiction! It means people will come thirsty and want a drink and they will go away parched. There is nothing to drink, nothing to refresh. There is another picture: a mist driven by the wind. So fleeting, so passing. The idea of the false teacher will be gone in two year’s time. Philosophy will have moved on. The hungry sheep look up and are not fed. Here are two things a false teacher does: he sends people back to the life they came from when they came to Christ; and he puts them in a worse state, because having gone back to it they are twice as hard to win again. A false teacher, in the name of liberation and freedom, says now that you are a Christian you can do anything you like. Now that you are a Christian you can do again the things you did before you knew Christ. He is saying to a dog, “Go back to your own vomit.”’ (End of Quote)
Peter states (verses 17-20): “These men are springs without water and mist driven by a storm. Blackest darkness is reserved for them. For they mouth empty, boastful words and, by appealing to the lustful desires of sinful human nature, they entice people who are just escaping from those who live in error. They promise them freedom, while they themselves are slaves of depravity – for a man is a slave to whatever has mastered him. If they have escaped the corruption of the world by knowing our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and are again entangled in it and overcome, they are worse off at the end than they were at the beginning.”
In those days of course, only men were in leadership, women were completely disregarded; but as time progressed and the Church realised that all were equal in God’s sight, women also took up leadership roles. So this scripture applies to both men and women today.
The closing verse of 2 Peter 2, reads like this: “Of them” (that is those who have turned “their backs on the sacred command that was passed on to them.”) “the proverbs are true: “A dog returns to its vomit, and, A sow that is washed goes back to her wallowing in the mud.”
Peter is saying that it is better never to have come out of one’s old ways, turning to Jesus Christ than to have turned to Him, then teach people to go back into it in the name of liberal ideas, liberal thinking and behaviour. That sort of freedom should never be taught because it is false and destructive, destroying the truth of the good news of salvation. The freedom we have in Jesus Christ is not freedom to sin but right the opposite: freedom from sin and the power of it’.
2 Peter 2 is a very difficult passage to take on board but take it on board we must!
I suggest one uses 785 Hymns & Psalms by Charles Wesley as a closing prayer of commitment.
A charge to keep I have: A God to glorify;
A never-dying soul to save, And fit it for the sky;
To serve the present age, My calling to fulfil;-
O may it all my powers engage To do my Master’s will!
Arm me with jealous care, As in thy sight to live;
And O thy servant, Lord, prepare A strict account to give!
Help me to watch and pray, And on thyself rely,
So shall I not my trust betray, Nor love within me die.
1 & 2 Peter Session 7
The evidence of the second letter itself leaves us in no doubt that the author is Simon Peter, the disciple whom Jesus Christ called and commission to Shepherd, nurture, feed and tend His sheep. Following the pattern of his previous letter, Peter begins by introducing himself: “Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ,” At the same time, stating the identity of those to whom he is writing and sending to them his Christian greetings: “To those who through the righteousness of our God and Saviour Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours: Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.” (Read 2 Peter 1:1-2).
Tom Wright , in his Bible Study Guide on 1 & 2 Peter, p. 39, writes: “My Grandson, aged one-and-a-half, was taken the other day into a big toy shop. From floor to ceiling, from one end of the shop to the other, and all over the tables and stands in the middle of the shop, there were many exciting things to see that he didn’t know where to start. He looked quickly this way and that, then around, then up and down. He was in happy shock at this overload of delight. All he could say - one of his few words, but most expressive – was “Wow!”
That’s a bit how I feel on reading quickly through the beginning of the letter we call 2 Peter. Every sentence, every word almost, glitters and flashes. Every idea beckons and says, “Look at me! This is fascinating!” And it is. But if we are to make a start, it will be good to see the big picture within which all this cluster of exciting and challenging ideas means what it means. The big picture is what God wants for his people. (End of Quote)
In his letters, Peter deals with two different aspects of the Christian life. 1 Peter seems to deal more with the enemies of Jesus Christ outside the church; whereas 2 Peter deals more so with the enemies within the church, such as false teachers, who teach false doctrines, which tend to lead the flock astray, causing problems within the fellowships. Here he is dealing with passions and wrong desires that rise up and cause us to struggle within. In his first letter Peter deals with ‘suffering’; whereas in the second he concentrates more on ‘knowledge’. He wants the recipients of his letter to grow in the knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Exercise: How easy or difficult do you find coping with struggles within? What helps you?
Peter walked with Jesus during His earthly life, although at times he failed miserably. Now, blest by the Holy Spirit, he knows that he has to be on his guard if he is to be faithful to his calling in Christ Jesus, to shepherd and build up the flock.
Washington Gladden wrote 802, in Hymns & Psalms, of which I believe Peter would have approved:
O MASTER, let me walk with thee in lowly paths of service free;
Teach me thy secret; help me bear the strain of toil, the fret of care;
Help me the slow of heart to move by some clear winning word of love;
Teach me the wayward feet to stay, and guide them in the homeward way.
Teach me thy patience, still with thee in closer, dearer company,
In works that keeps faith sweet and strong, in trust that triumphs over wrong,
In hope that sends a shining ray far down the future’s broadening way,
In peace that only thou canst give, with thee, O Master, let me live!
Read 2 Peter 1:3-4.
What we have already received from Jesus Christ should encourage us to ask for more. All that has any influence upon the true spiritual life and the power of godliness are from our Saviour. Knowledge of God and our faith in Him are channels whereby all spiritual support and comforts come, as Peter writes: “His divine power has given us everything we need for life and godliness through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness. Through these he
1 & 2 Peter Session 7 cont.
has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature and escape the corruption in the world caused by evil desire.”
So Peter encourages the believers to flee from the corruption of the world with all its lust, so that they may become partakers of the divine nature. This divine nature is not of ourselves, it is the gift of God. Try as we might we cannot earn it. I remember the time, before I came to accept Jesus Christ as my Lord and Saviour. I saw such a difference in my friends who had accepted Jesus into their lives, and it made such an impression on me that I wanted what they had. For months I prayed at my bedside each day: ‘Lord, have mercy on me, a sinner’, asking Him to come into my life; seemingly to no avail. My problem was I wanted Jesus to come into my life privately, then if it didn’t work out no one would know about it. Nothing happened until at a service one Sunday evening, moved by God’s Spirit, and in front of all the people gathered there, I found myself kneeling at the communion rail pouring my heart out to God. I gave myself freely to Jesus, receiving His grace and peace. ‘Lord Jesus, give us grace on earth to love Thee more; in heaven to seek Thy face, and with Thy saints adore.’ It’s the only way to “participate in the divine nature and escape the corruption in the world caused by evil desires.” More grace, Lord, more grace!
Read 2 Peter 1:5-11.
Exercise: What is Peter really saying in these verses?
One thing we really do need to remember is that we are all equal in God’s sight. Remember the story Jesus told about the owner of the vineyard. How in the morning he went to the marketplace and recruited workers who worked in his vineyard for an agreed wage; at noon he did the same; then he went and recruited more who worked just one hour at the end of the day, again for an agreed wage. All the workers received their wages at the close of the day, with everyone receiving the same amount. This just didn’t seem fair to those who worked longer hours. The truth of the matter is the reward for becoming a disciple of Jesus Christ, and faithfully completing the course, is ‘eternal life’. Eternal life means a timeless existence with Christ our Saviour and nothing less. One cannot have a little bit of eternal life. Eternal life means eternal life.
John Wesley taught the ‘Four Alls’ of Methodism: All need to be saved; All may be saved; All may know that they are saved; All may be saved to the uttermost. God sent Jesus into the world for a purpose, that the people of His creation might not be condemned. i.e. “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” (John 3:16). Read Daniel 7:13 -14. Jesus promised that all who received Him and walked with Him in this life would inherit eternal life.
Peter is saying, this is by the grace of God and his divine power alone. We are what we are by the divine nature of Christ and we poor human beings must progress in the faith. “For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; and to knowledge self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness.” (V.5).
So, we are all equal in God’s sight, there is not one who doesn’t need to receive the grace and mercy of God through Jesus Christ. Peter mentions many other qualities that will bring glory to God and warns us not to be ‘short-sighted and blind,’ we must never forget that we have been cleansed from our past sins. God’s grace in our lives will result in good works, as long as we do not cease following Jesus. It may be a gradual process, laying aside worldly desires, as God’s grace works in our lives, revealing what must cease. This requires a diligent examination of oneself and this can only be as He reveals it to us by His Spirit. This is why Peter reminds us in verses 10-11: “Therefore my brothers, be all the more eager to make your calling and election sure. For if you do these things, you will never fall, and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.”
1 & 2 Peter Session 7 cont.
I remind you once again of what Gerrit Gufstason wrote, which I think is quite applicable:
Only by grace can we enter, only by grace can we stand;
Not by our human endeavour, but by the blood of the Lamb.
Into Your presence You call us, You call us to come;
Into Your presence you draw us, and now by Your grace we come.
Now by your grace we come.
Lord, if You mark our transgressions who would stand?
Thanks to Your grace we are cleansed by the blood of the Lamb.
The ‘Lamb of God’, of course, being Jesus Christ, Himself, the Son of God, whom God the Father sacrificed on the cruel cross for your salvation and mine. He actually gave His life that we might live!
Exercise; How does this make you feel?
Read 2 Peter 1:12-21.
It is clear from these verses that Peter intends to keep on reminding the recipients of his letter of the importance of allowing the grace of God to work in their lives. He knows that his time is short, that he’ll soon be leaving this world. Until that time arrives he will keep on reminding them. What he is declaring is the truth. He goes on to say something of what he and other disciples experienced on the ‘Mount of Transfiguration’, when they received a foretaste of what Jesus’ coming would be like when He returns to establish His eternal kingdom. (Read Matthew 17:1-8).
In the NIV Study Bible we read Peter’s message rests on two solid foundations: (1) The voice of God at the transfiguration (vv. 16-18) and (2) the still more significant testimony of Scripture (vv. 19-21). An alternative, but less probable, view is that the apostles’ testimony to the transfiguration fulfils and thus confirms the Scriptures that predicted such things. (End of quote).
Peter goes on to express the importance of prophecy in the closing verses of this chapter, telling them to “pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.“ He then stresses that true prophecy comes only from God: “For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”
Exercise: Has Prophecy had an impact on your life, if so, what was the result?
So once again we look at those two important words, grace and peace. Grace is the gift of God, and from it springs forth peace. David Pawson, p. 160, in his commentary on 1 & 2 Peter, writes: ‘You cannot have the grace of God without the peace of God resulting. You cannot have the peace of God until you have found the grace of God. You found both when you became a Christian. But do you think you’ve found it all? Oh no, you have only just begun to find a bit of it. God can multiply his grace and peace. How does He do it? By the knowledge of Jesus. That is why teaching has always been a ministry in the church. But there is a danger that we learn about Jesus without learning Jesus.’ (End of quote).
I knew about Jesus because I was taught about him from my time as a little child; however, I only got to know Him in a personal way when, at the age of sixteen, I invited him into my life. He became not only a personal friend, but I knew Him as my Saviour and my Lord. I know I can converse with Him any time night or day. He is always present with me, my ‘forever friend’. Along with Brian Doerkson (825 Mission Praise) I can sing:
Faithful One, so unchanging; ageless One, you are my rock of peace.
Lord of all, I depend on You, I call out to You again and again,
I call out to You again and again.
1 & 2 Peter Session 7 cont.
You are my rock in times of trouble, You lift me up when I fall down;
all through the storm Your love is the anchor – my hope is in You alone.’
Exercise: A time to pause for prayer before we close with a song, acknowledging Jesus Christ for who He truly is, written by Jarrod Cooper, (1000 Mission Praise).
King of kings, majesty, God of heaven living in me,
gentle Saviour, closest friend, strong deliverer, beginning and end,
all within me falls at Your throne.
Your majesty, I can but bow. I lay my all before You now.
In royal robes I don’t deserve I live to serve Your majesty.
Earth and heaven worship You, love eternal, faithful and true,
who bought the nations, ransomed souls, brought this sinner near to Your throne;
all within me cries out in praise.
Your majesty, I can but bow. I lay my all before You now.
In royal robes I don’t deserve I live to serve Your majesty.
I live to serve Your majesty.
Like Peter, let us never forget that by God’s abundant grace we have been chosen and called into His service. The peace of the Lord be with you now and always.
1 & 2 Peter Session 6
Peter, who identified himself as an apostle at the beginning of his letter, now chooses to identify himself as an elder as he addresses the elders of the churches, which would be heartening to them in the light of their huge responsibilities and the difficulties faced by the churches, for which they had responsibility. As we know, Peter had been with Jesus from the early days of His ministry and was a witness to all that entailed, from the calling of the first disciples, of which he was one, to the death, resurrection and ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ, and was looking forward to the time of His triumphant return. So he could write with confidence: “To the elders among you, I appeal to you as a fellow-elder, a witness of Christ’s sufferings and one who will also share in the glory to be revealed:” (1 Peter 5:1).
Read 1 Peter 5:1-4.
David Pawson, in his commentary on 1 & 2 Peter, writes, p. 145: “1 Peter 5 is a ‘love song’ for those who love the Lord. You know that life does not consist of possessions but of people. Life does not consist of achievements but of attitudes. Life does not consist of reputation but of relationships. That is why at the end of this letter Peter draws together a number of threads about attitudes and relationships. There are four of them in this chapter: Your attitude to the church and relationships within it; your attitude to God; your attitude to the devil, and your attitude to suffering.” (End of quote).
Exercise: What do you think of these four statements? Give your reasons?
Peter instructs the elders “Be shepherds of the flock that is under your care”. They, like him, are to oversee the work in hand. They are to build up the church of Jesus Christ. Those coming to faith in Jesus need to be fed and watered, they need to be given the opportunity to grow in the grace and knowledge of their new found Lord and Saviour. They need to be nursed along, nurtured, loved. Peter is doing the task for which he was commissioned by Jesus at the close of ‘The Gospel According to John’, chapter 21, shepherding, caring, leading and building up the Christian flock, the Church. The word ‘elder’ is a title given to someone who has been called by God, matured spiritually and, therefore, able to lead and encourage others in their Christian development, shepherding the flock under their care. Such people have been recognised and ‘set apart’ by the church for this vital task. (What a responsibility!) Peter doesn’t boast about his position but, in all humility, describes himself simply as a ‘fellow-elder’.
One needs to remember that our Lord Jesus Christ is the ‘Chief Shepherd’. Those called to lead in the church are simply ‘under-shepherds’, who have been given this responsibility by Christ, Himself, empowered by God’s Holy Spirit. Just as these shepherds have to have a deep love for their sheep, so the sheep have to have love and respect for those who shepherd them. The flock, the church, will consist of people of all ages, young and old alike, so the leaders desire is that they learn to talk together, pray and witness together, this will only happen and be truly effective as they learn to love each other, becoming one in Christ Jesus.
As the song says, 151 Mission Praise by Dave Richards:
For I’m building a people of power and I’m making a people of praise,
That will move through this land by My Spirit, and will glorify My precious name.
Build Your Church, Lord, make us strong, Lord,
Join our hearts, Lord, through Your Son;
Make us one, Lord, in Your body, in the kingdom of Your Son.
Those of us who are in leadership of any kind within the church, the ‘Body of Christ’, have a tremendous responsibility and we are answerable to no one but Jesus Christ, the Chief Shepherd.
(Read verses 1-4 again).
1 & 2 Peter Session 6, cont.
The apostle Paul said, in writing to the church at Corinth, 2 Corinthians 5:20: “Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come! All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation: that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men’s sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation. We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us.”
This, I feel, is what Peter is trying to impress upon those to whom he was writing. After we commit our lives to Christ, it is not all ‘done and dusted’. Just like a child in its journey to adulthood, new Christians have to grow and develop in their Christian walk, as they experience new things in their relationship with Jesus Christ. There is, however, a reward at the end of the journey. “And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will never fade away.”
Exercise: Think of your own development as a Christian. How does it compare with Peter’s expectation?
Read 1 Peter 5:5-11.
In a way we have considered the first attitude that David Pawson mentioned: ‘Our attitude to the church’. It’s all about growing in grace, encouraging each other, looking out for one another, learning to live with one another and embracing one another with all our faults and failings, as we develop into what our Lord and Saviour would have us be, His true and faithful witnesses.
Then there is secondly ‘our attitude to God’. David says, p.149, ‘When we are accepted through Christ, God is our Father, and he does two things which every good father does. Number one, he disciplines; number two, he cares. It is because of the Father’s discipline and care that you can trust him.’ (End of quote).
Do you remember when you were a child growing up? As a child I remember how care-free my life was. We children were aloud the ‘freedom’ of Porthleven. We played in the streets, roamed the cliff-tops and the downs. We knew most people in the village and as long as we were home at five o’clock in time for tea, we could more or less please ourselves what we did. Food was always on the table. This was all possible because we knew somebody cared for and loved us. That was because true parents care for their children. God is a true Father and because of this all who are ‘born again’, through the shed blood of Christ, are His children and can simply cast their care on Him. “Cast all your anxiety on him because he cares for you.” (v. 7).
The third attitude is ‘our attitude to Satan’. Sooner or later, after committing one’s life to Christ, Satan, the great deceiver, will rear his ugly head, usually when one least expects it. Problems and temptations will come one’s way, often catching one off guard. The worst of enemies, he will accuse you of all sorts. How does one deal with him? One must try to be alert, remember the prayer Jesus taught his disciples, part of it goes like this: “Give us today our daily bread and lead us not into temptation but deliver us from the evil one.” Never forget the devil, he’s around the whole time, waiting to pounce. Don’t let him catch you off guard. This is why Peter says, “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, stand firm in the faith, because you know that your brothers throughout the world are going through the same kind of suffering.” (Vv. 7-8).
Fourthly we come to ‘our attitude to suffering’. The Lord Jesus never did promise His disciples an easy comfortable life, although one may have periods of ease. On the contrary He spoke of them suffering persecution, even death because of their faithfulness to Him. (See John 16:1-4). Peter suffered much as a disciple of Jesus, as have a multitude of Christians throughout the world, even those they once recognised as friends turn against them after they confessed their faith in
1 & 2 Peter Session 6, cont.
Jesus Christ. No matter how low you sink God has promised to restore you and establish you in
His love and make you a solid Christian. He promises to strengthen you, which He will do by His Spirit. After a time of testing you will become a stronger and better person for it.
Exercise: Think of times when you had to call upon the Lord for extra strength and give Him thanks that He was there for you.
Peter speaks of a reward for those who suffer for Christ’ sake: “And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered a little while, will himself restore you and make you strong, firm and steadfast. To him be the glory for ever and ever. Amen. (Vv. 10-11).
When Jesus first called Peter, he was known as Simon. The name Simon means ‘reed’, that which blows about in the wind, and as Simon he was a bit like that, impetuous, unreliable, in that he put his own safety before others, denying that he knew Jesus when he thought his own life was in danger. However, Jesus saw his potential, and renamed him Peter, which means ‘rock’, telling him “on this rock I will build my Church.” Then after Pentecost and the coming of the Holy Spirit on the disciples (Acts 2) that’s what happened. Peter would shepherd Christ’s flock and the church would grow and prosper, thus fulfilling Jesus’ prediction.
Read 1 Peter 5:12-14.
Peter concludes his letter with a few personal comments. Peter sends personal greetings via Silas, or Silvanus, from what he calls ‘Babylon’, a nickname by the early Christians for Rome. He is writing at the time of Emperor Nero, knowing that he will die in the arena in a few months. A storm of persecution is breaking out in Rome and he is preparing the Christians in Asia Minor for what the near future holds. In the light of this Peter concludes this letter by blessing them with the peace of Christ: “Peace to all of you who are in Christ.” Through it all two key words stand out for Peter, they are ‘grace’ and ‘glory’. ‘Grace’ comes at the beginning of the Christian’s life, at the moment a person accepts Christ as Saviour – We are saved by the grace of a loving Heavenly Father. - ‘Glory’ comes at the close. Saved by grace we enter God’s glory, when He calls us home.
Running through Peter’s letter is ‘humility’. In verses 5-6 he says, “All of you, clothe yourselves with humility towards one another, because, “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.” Humble yourselves, therefore, under God’s mighty hand, that he may lift you up in due time.” Humility is essential in the life of every Christian. The way forward in Christ’s service only truly begins when I humble myself under the mighty hand of God and cast all my care upon Him.
We have a perfect example of this in John 13. There appears to be no servant to wash Jesus and His disciples’ feet, as they arrive at the house where they are to eat their meal. None of the disciples seem to take much notice; however, Jesus gets up, takes off his outer garment, wraps a towel around His waist and, pours water into a bowl and washes the feet of His disciples! When, in truth, they should be washing His!
Once he finished, Jesus asked if they understood what he had done for them. He, as their Lord and Master, had given them an example; they must learn to tend to each others’ needs. He concludes (Vv. 16-17) “I tell you the truth, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.” What an amazing lesson in humility! As Christians we are here to serve those around us, to build each other up. You could say we are His hands and feet.
Exercise: How do you feel about this?
1 & 2 Peter Session 6, cont.
In conclusion, I draw your attention to a hymn, written by H. E. Fosdick, 712 Hymns and Psalms (682 Singing the Faith) which you might like to use as a prayer:
GOD of grace and God of glory, on thy people pour thy power:
Crown thy ancient church’s story; bring her bud to glorious flower.
Grant us wisdom, grant us courage, for the facing of this hour.
Heal thy children’s warring madness; bend our pride to thy control;
Shame our wanton, selfish gladness, rich in things and poor in soul.
Grant us wisdom, grant us courage, lest we miss thy kingdom’s goal.
Lo, the hosts of evil round us scorn thy Christ, assail his ways!
Fears and doubts too long have bound us; free our hearts to work and praise.
Grant us wisdom, grant us courage, for the living of these days.
Gerrit Gufstason wrote:
Only by grace can we enter, only by grace can we stand;
Not by our human endeavour, but by the blood of the Lamb.
Into Your presence You call us, You call us to come;
Into Your presence you draw us, and now by Your grace we come.
Now by your grace we come.
Peter is reminding us that all we achieve for Christ, our Saviour, is in His strength, by the grace of God alone, and nothing of ourselves. Thanks be to God, by grace we are saved through faith! More grace, Lord, more grace!
The blessing of the Lord be upon you.
1 & 2 Peter Session 5
The first verse of 1 Peter, chapter 4, refers directly back to chapter 3 v. 18 (For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the Spirit). The aspect of Christ’s suffering stressed in these passages, is suffering unjustly for the good one has done. It is physical suffering. Those who are dedicated to Jesus Christ must be prepared to suffer and to endure it with the same attitude as that of their Saviour. Hence Peter can say: “Therefore since Christ suffered in his body, arm yourselves with the same attitude,” (v. 1a).
Read 1 Peter 4:1-6.
Exercise: Why do you think Peter wrote these words and how should they affect our lives?
Tom Wright, in his Bible Study Guide, p. 29, writes: “Sometimes someone who has had a potentially fatal stroke or heart attack makes a remarkable recovery. In such cases people often say that they have rethought their whole lives, and now realize much more clearly what matters and what doesn’t. In the same way, someone who has suffered for the gospel may attain a new kind of clarity. They see more sharply the kind of world that sin produces, and they know that they are done with it. And they see, far more gloriously, that God’s will is the only thing worth following. It is not pleasant to be persecuted. But if, and when it happens, you can see it as a road sign telling you that you are on the right path, that may make all the difference. Like the Messiah, we must put on the mental armour that will make us strong to face the suffering which we may have to face.” (End of quote).
If we are to follow the example of Christ, suffering in the flesh, to some degree, is to be expected, and such behaviour makes it easier for those who suffer such to follow God’s will, especially because the one who suffers for Christ’s sake is more closely at one with Him. After all, did not our Lord say to His first disciples: “They will put you out of the synagogue; in fact, a time is coming when anyone who kills you will think he is offering a service to God. They will do such things because they have not known the Father or me.” (Read John 16:1-4).
Timothy Dudley-Smith, composed 428 in Mission Praise – 470 Singing the Faith:
Lord, for the years Your hand has kept and guided,
urged and inspired us, cheered us on our way,
sought us and saved us, pardoned and provided:
Lord of the years, we bring our thanks today.
Lord, for ourselves; in living power remake us -
self on the cross and Christ upon the throne,
past put behind us, for the future take us:
Lord of our lives, to live for Christ alone.
Therein lies the secret, if it is a secret! One must be born anew by the Spirit of God, if one is to ‘live for Christ alone’. The second verse of the hymn captures it: “Lord, for the word, the word of life which fires us, speaks to our hearts and sets our souls ablaze, teaches and trains, rebukes us and inspires us: Lord of the word, receive Your people’s praise.” God’s Holy Word, the Bible is there to educate us in the things of God and it is down to us to read and meditate upon it, if we are to be the witnesses Christ wants us to be.
In the Lion Handbook to The Bible, p.637, we read: “Peter anticipates a time of suffering and persecution for his readers. When it comes, they must be ready – level-headed, alert, prayerful and unfailingly to others. It should come as no surprise to Christians to suffer for Christ’s sake. It is
1 & 2 Peter Session 5 cont.
a cause for joy, not discouragement! Christ’s suffering was the prelude to glory. So it is for the Christian. God always keeps his promises. (End of quote).
So Peter encourages those to whom he writing, to leave their past way of life and to concentrate on the new life they have found in Jesus Christ: “For you have spent enough time in the past doing what pagans choose to do – living in debauchery, lust, drunkenness, orgies, carousing and detestable idolatry. ... but live according to God in regard to the spirit.”
Exercise: But how are they going to do this?
Read 1 Peter 4:7-11.
It’s all about suffering for being a Christian. Peter tells them not to be surprised if they have to suffer painful trials for the sake of the gospel. If they are to be true disciples of Jesus Christ it can be expected. The main thing is that they remain faithful to Him. We need a lot of grace to withstand physical suffering. Peter calls his Christian brothers and sisters, friends. On the night which He was betrayed Jesus said to His disciples, “Greater love has no-one than this, that he lay down his life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command. I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master’s business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you.” (John 15:13-15).
In the very next verse (16) Jesus tells them that they didn’t choose Him, He chose them for the purpose of ‘bearing fruit’. The fruit of the gospel would not fade away but last throughout eternity, in this world and the next. Great spiritual blessings would abound. Peter was writing to all whom Christ had chosen, that they remain faithful at all cost.
Frances Ridley Havergal captured it beautifully when she wrote the hymn: ‘Who is on the Lord’s side?’ (722 in Hymns & Psalms). The fourth verse reads:
‘Chosen to be soldiers in an alien land,
Chosen, called, and faithful, for our Captain’s band.
In the service royal, let us not grow cold;
Let us be right loyal, noble, true, and bold.
Master, thou wilt keep us, by thy grace divine,
Always on the Lord’s side, Saviour, always thine.’
Exercise: I suggest one reads the whole hymn. What a challenge! Are you; am I really, on the Lord’s side? Are we disciples in the true sense of the word. Spend a few moments thinking it through.
Read 1 Peter 4:12-19.
In The New Bible Commentary, Third Edition, p.1246, we read: “Peter now returns to his theme of suffering, and suggests further factors which will enable the Christian not merely to endure, but actually to rejoice in it. In the first place, it is a test to prove the reality of faith, and we should expect God to try (and thereby strengthen) this. It is also a sharing in Christ’s sufferings, which were His pathway to glory, and so they will be for His follower. For that reason the Spirit of God will, even in persecution, be radiating the sufferer’s life with glory; when persecution as a Christian is nobly born by the innocent, his behaviour is a means of bringing glory to God. Such suffering is a reminder to His people that God is beginning His judgement with them, and they can at least look beyond the persecution to a glorious future, in the light of which they can commit the issues of life in full confidence to the One who gave them life. By contrast the unrepentant sinner has nothing to look forward to here or hereafter once God begins to act in judgement.” (End of quote).
(Whilst this was written in the masculine, it applies equally to women).
1 & 2 Peter Session 5 cont.
We must never forget that the Lord Jesus, Himself, suggested the possibility of suffering for His name sake. (See above). Peter is reminding those to whom he is writing that various trials will come their way. They will be tested like gold tried in the fire. Suffering and reproach for Christ’s sake are blessings indeed. Some of those to whom Peter was writing would be burnt alive, thrown to the lions and tortured for their faith. This is the background lying behind these passages. “If you are insulted because of the name of Christ, you are blessed, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you. If you suffer, it should not be as a murderer or thief or any other kind of criminal, or even as a meddler. However, if you suffer as a Christian, do not be ashamed, but praise God that you bear that name.”
Many Christians have been mocked for their faith in Jesus Christ the world over, persecuted, families and homes destroyed, treated cruelly, even put to death rather than turn away and reject their Saviour.
David Pawson in his commentary on 1 & 2 Peter, p. 136-7, writes: “Bear in mind that first of all judgment begins in the household of God. It is God’s way of chastising his people and purifying them and getting them ready. How many members of a congregation would there be if the police were waiting for you outside and you knew it? Would you be in church if you knew that you might be taken away from your family and never see them again because you worshipped with others? God has a way of using suffering to refine his church, to make the believer what he wants that believer to be. Therefore, we should not resent it because God is beginning to deal with the household of God. ... Don’t be resentful if you suffer as a believer more than the unbeliever next door. ...
‘Don’t be discouraged’. I suppose that this is one of the biggest difficulties a Christian has to fight. I will confess freely to you that one of my biggest besetting temptations is discouragement, to be discouraged in the Lord’s work. When things don’t go right, when things don’t go as you would hope they would go, to be discouraged.
That is why one of the greatest ministries mentioned in the New Testament church is the ministry of encouragement. Barnabas was a man like that – a son of encouragement. What a lovely ministry. You could exercise a great ministry in your church if you did nothing else but encourage other people.” (End of quote).
I recall attending a Lay Worker’s Conference once, when I was struggling in my work as a Pastoral Assistant. Things were a bit of a struggle and I was wondering what the future might hold, whether I might continue or not. On going for a cup of coffee, as I stepped into the place where it was being served, there before me was a large poster of a cat hanging on by one paw to a branch of a tree. The caption on the poster read ‘Hang In There’. It was just what I needed at that particular time.
Peter goes on to mention (v. 18) a version of Psalm 11:31: “If it is hard for the righteous to be saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner? He then concludes with: “So then, those who suffer according to God’s will should commit themselves to their faithful Creator and continue to do good.”
What a transformation from the Peter who denied his Master! This is the Peter who was commissioned by Jesus to take care of’ His flock, by Jesus just before Jesus ascended into heaven, to feed His lambs, those who would come to the faith in Christ, new Christians, to take care of His sheep, to shepherd and feed them through and in the power of the Holy Spirit. This is precisely what Peter was doing in and through his letters. The writings of the Old Testament prophets were An inspiration to Peter and I can identify him with the prophet Joshua. (Read Joshua 1:6-9). The apostle, Peter, like Joshua, knew that the Lord Jesus would be with him in his ministry come what may. (See v. 9).
1 & 2 Peter Session 5 cont.
The same promise is for you and me. When we are truly sorry for our waywardness and come to the Lord Jesus Christ giving ourselves to Him, holding nothing back – as the song says: “I surrender all.” - God our Father can really use us, just as he used Peter, because when we give ourselves freely to Jesus, He washes away our sin and baptises us in Holy Spirit, the Counsellor, who leads us into all truth. As true disciples of our living Lord, we cannot help but spread the gospel, good news, of salvation by word and deed to others around us.
Exercise: In what ways has this study helped you?
I suggest that we use a hymn by Isaac Watts to bring our study to a close. One which I’m sure the Apostle Peter would have approved. It is 677 in Hymns & Psalms:
I’m not ashamed to own my Lord,
Or to defend his cause,
Maintain the honour of his word,
The glory of his cross.
Jesus, my God, I know his name,
His name is all my trust;
Nor will he put my soul to shame,
Nor let my hope be lost.
Firm as his throne his promise stands,
And he can well secure
What I’ve committed to his hands
Till the decisive hour.
Then will he own my worthless name
Before his Father’s face,
And in the new Jerusalem
Appoint my soul a place.
If you are anything like me you will want to sing the chorus that was added at a later date. I’m not sure who wrote it.
At the cross, at the cross, where I first saw the light
And the burden of my heart rolled away,
It was there by faith I received my sight,
And now I am happy all the day.
As disciples of our Lord Jesus Christ, it is our duty to be faithful to Him and to live out the gospel. If we are to remain faithful to Him, like Peter, we must seek to bring others into the fold and we must feed His little lambs, those who have just been ‘born again’, nurture them. We too must learn to shepherd the sheep, leading and encouraging them in the things of God. That way we will be fulfilling our duty, as we walk in the footsteps of Jesus. More about that next time.
Luke, Chapter 7, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Again, we have quite a lengthy chapter here, with some amazing things happening. Jesus is well into His ministry at this point, gaining many followers. He has just spoken, in the previous chapter, about how everyone should build on a solid foundation and the value of doing so. May the Spirit of the Lord Jesus guide you in the study of this chapter.
Read Luke 7:1-5. Q.1. Explain how you think this centurion might have heard about Jesus?
Read Luke 7:6-10. Q.2. The centurion had faith to believe; what did Jesus mean by verse 9?
Read Luke 7:11-17. Q.3. Was Jesus “A great prophet”? Explain your answer.
Read Luke 7:18-28. Q.4. Why do you think John sent two of his helpers to ask Jesus for his true identity (see verse 20)?
Q.5. Explain what you think Jesus meant by verse 28?
Read Luke 7:29-35. Q.6. Why do you think the Pharisees and experts in the law refused to be baptised by John?
Q.7. How would you describe Jesus’ remarks, concerning them, in this passage?
Read Luke 7:36-38. Q.8. Why should this woman think of doing such a thing?
Read Luke 7:39-43. Q.9. How did Jesus know what Simon was thinking, and what do you think of Jesus’ response?
Read Luke 7:44-50. Q.10. What can we learn from these verses?
Q.11. If there is anything else you would like to comment on, please do so?
Luke, Chapter 6, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
This chapter, although very interesting, is quite lengthy; however, I will do my best not to overload you with too many questions. I hope you will enjoy it and find it both interesting and very helpful in your Christian journey.
Read Luke 6:1-11: Q.1. What did Jesus mean when He said, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”?
Q.2. Of what were the religious leaders trying to accuse Jesus and why?
Q.3. Jesus teaches them a lesson by doing what?
Read Luke 6:12-16: Q.4. What can we learn from this section about the importance of prayer?
Read Luke 6:17-23: Q.5. Why do you think Jesus addressed His disciples in the way He did?
Read Luke 6:24-26: Q.6. Who do you think Jesus was addressing in this section, and why?
Read Luke 6:27-36: Q.7. What is Jesus speaking about here?
Read Luke 6:37-42: Q.8. If this is a warning, what’s it all about?
Read Luke 6:43-45: Q.9. What is your understanding of this section?
Read Luke 6:46-49: Q.10: What is Jesus getting at here, what’s it all about?
Q.11. In what ways have you benefitted from the study of Luke Chapter 6?
Luke, Chapter 5, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
As we have already seen, Jesus is already about His Father’s work, teaching and healing. In this chapter we see its progression, as he begins the task of building a team of disciples to progress the work.
I hope you will enjoy chapter 5. Every blessing.
Read Luke 5:1-3. Q.1. Why do you think Jesus taught them from the boat?
Read Luke 5:4-11. Q.2. Why do you think Jesus told Simon to go out again and let down their nets, when they’d caught nothing shortly before?
Q.3. What effect did this great catch have on Simon and his partners?
Q.4. What did Jesus mean “from now on you will catch men”?
Read Luke 5:12-16. Q.5. Why do you think the news of this healing spread so rapidly, after Jesus ordered the man “Don’t tell anyone.”?
Q.6. What was Jesus’ reason for this (v. 16)?
Read Luke 5:17-26. Q.7. This is an amazing event (reminds me of how I came to faith). What does the faith of these men say to you, or remind you of?
Q.8. Why did the Pharisees etc. accuse Jesus of blasphemy?
Q.9. What was the reaction of the people?
Read Luke 5:27-32. Q.10. Why did the Pharisees etc. complain, and what did Jesus mean by His reply?
Read Luke 5:33-39. Q.11. What did Jesus mean by this parable?
Q.12. What have you gleaned from this chapter that has helped you in your faith journey?
Luke, Chapter 4, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Luke chapter 4 is quite a long one. I hope you will find it helpful as you explore the passages and answer the set questions. May the Good Lord bless you richly.
Read Luke 4:1-2. Q.1. What was the importance of Jesus being full of the Holy Spirit?
Q.2. Have you ever experienced being led by the Holy Spirit, if so, in what way?
Read Luke 4:3-8. Q.3. What did the devil hope to achieve through these temptations?
Read Luke 4:9-13. Q.4. The devil quotes Psalm 91:11-12. What does this tell you?
Q.5. How did Jesus respond?
Read Luke 4:14-19. Q.6. What did the power of the Holy Spirit enable Jesus to do, and how important was it?
Read Luke 4:20-24. Q.7. What impression did Jesus make on those who listened to Him in the synagogue?
Q.8. What did they want to see ?
Read Luke 4:25-27. Q.9. What was Jesus implying here?
Read Luke 4:28-30. Q.10. Why do you think Jesus was able to walk away like he did?
Read Luke 4:31-37. Q.11. Why do you think the man, possessed by a demon, recognised Jesus as “the Holy One of God”?
Q.12. Why did the news about Jesus spread so quickly?
Read Luke 4:38-41. Q.13. Why do you think people waited until the sun was setting, before bringing others to Jesus for Him to heal them?
Read Luke 4:42-44. Q.14. Why do you think Jesus went out to a solitary place at daybreak?
Luke, Chapter 3, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
In Luke chapter 3 we see John the Baptist preparing the way for Jesus’ ministry among the people, by preaching the importance of their repenting and being baptised in readiness for the arrival of their long awaited Messiah.
May the Lord bless you, as you study this chapter.
Read Luke 3:1-3. Q. 1. What happened in the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign?
Q. 2. Who was Zachariah’s Son and what did he teach?
Read Luke 3:4-6. Q. 3. What did the prophet Isaiah have to say about John?
Q. 4. Who would see God’s salvation?
Read Luke 3:7-9. Q. 5. How would you feel if you and your friends were addressed as a ‘brood of vipers’?
Q. 6. What is John’s opinion regarding God?
Read Luke 3:10-14. Q. 7. How would you interpret John’s reply to verse 10?
Read Luke 3:15-18. Q. 8. Why do you think the people wondered if John might have been the Christ/Messiah?
Read Luke 3:19-20. Q. 9. What do you think of Herod’s attitude to John and why?
Read Luke 3:21-22. Q. 10. What effect do you think heaven opening had on the people gathered, when Jesus was baptised, and why?
Read Luke 3:23-37. Q. 11. How many generations were there from Jesus back to Adam?
1 & 2 PETER, Session 4
Peter has come a long way since his denial of Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane. Forgiven and commissioned by Jesus his Lord, on the shores of Lake Galilee, he is now taking care of the sheep, Shepherding the flock, he is dedicated to serving his Lord and Master, bringing others into a living relationship with Jesus Christ, who is the ‘Chief Shepherd’. Empowered by the Holy Spirit, Peter guides the Christians to whom he is writing (see 1 Peter 1:1) in the ‘paths of righteousness’.
Tom Wright in his ‘For Everyone’ Bible study guide, p. 21, puts it like this: “Peter has glimpsed a deeper truth, behind the moral quagmire. He invites followers of Jesus to inhabit Jesus’ extraordinary story: to embrace it as their own, and, being healed and rescued by those events, to make them the pattern of their lives as well.” (End of quote).
In the latter part of the previous chapter, the emphasis is on accepting authority and giving or showing respect, giving loyal service to one’s Master/Mistress where it is due, no matter what that person is like, whether good, bad, or indifferent. If one should suffer unjustly, then we have Christ’s example: “To this you were called, because Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in his steps.” (1 Peter 2:21).
In his Commentary on 1 & 2 Peter, p.69, David Pawson writes: “a Christian has this duty of giving his allegiance to the powers that be. The interesting thing is that Peter wrote this when Nero was the emperor, and it was as a result of Nero’s persecution that Peter was to die in Rome. Yet he said: “Give respect and allegiance.” It is for this reason that the early Christians could say when they were hurled before the courts to the emperor, “Christians are your best citizens.” Does that mean that a Christian must never disobey the authority? No, there comes a line, and I will tell you what it is. When a government tells you not to do something that God has told you to do, A Christian has no choice. A Christian must then say, as Peter said in his own lifetime, “We must obey God rather than men.” God has said, “Go and spread my word everywhere,” and if a government says you must not preach about Jesus and you must not spread his Word, then a Christian has to say, “We must obey God rather than men.”
Read 1 Peter 3:1-7.
Exercise: How do you explain Peter’s teaching through this passage?
I hear, so often, people saying, “It is within my rights!” One has to be very careful how one interprets this. In the days of the early Church, for approximately three centuries, the vast majority of the population were slaves. There was no day off; it was a seven day week! Church services were held at four in the morning and ten at night, before and after the slaves’ duties began! Yet the Church grew at a rapid pace in those days. A slave had no rights, no leisure but belonged to their master/mistress full stop! Something like two thirds of the population were slaves. Peter was saying it is your duty to be submissive to those in authority over you.
In those days women, like slaves, were looked upon as ‘inferior beings’, even in the family. Christianity changed all that. All were equal in God’s sight. See what the apostle Paul had to say: (read Galatians 3:26-28). Peter understands this. Christian women were often married to unbelieving husbands and Peter stresses the importance of Christ-like behaviour if they are to win their husbands for Jesus Christ. Although wives were looked upon as the ’weaker sex’, Christianity lifts marriage to its highest plain, by the call for husbands to respect their wives on the basis of their shared faith. They are to be a praying partnership, sharing God’s inheritance together, the gift of eternal life. The lives of the wives should be seen to be marked by a purity that springs from a deep reverence towards God. Their beauty should not come from the wearing of fine jewellery and fine clothes. Peter reminds them that, ”Instead, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight.” (v. 4). Christian women should not rely on such extreme adornment to adorn themselves but on God’s Spirit within.
1 & 2 PETER Session 4, cont.
The grace of life is the loveliness, partaking of the divine, which God gives to those who follow Him through Jesus Christ. Regarding wives and husbands, in every case Christians are to do that which is right and not to insist on their own rights. Love and respect is the sheer quality of life and is the surest way of winning over one’s non-Christian partner, and a genuinely good Christian character is more important by far than a woman adorning the latest fashion. An atmosphere of friction is disastrous in any marriage. So, according to Peter, the Christian husband has to play his part also.
The New Bible Commentary, Third Edition, p. 1242, reads: “Peter stresses the spiritual equality of man and wife as joint heirs, while maintaining the wife’s subordination to her husband within the economy of God, demonstrated by her physical weakness and the example of Sarah. ... Finally marriage is lifted to its highest plane by the call to husbands to treat their wives with consideration and respect, on the basis of their shared faith, and with the practical purpose of being a praying partnership, which must not be hindered by any misunderstanding between them. These last instructions are obviously directed to Christian couples, graphically described as sharing the inheritance of God’s gracious gift of eternal life.” (End of quote).
Read 1 Peter 3:8-12.
Exercise: How easy, or difficult, do you find it to live up to Peter’s instructions in these verses
and why do you think that is?
Peter has been living and preaching, fighting and suffering for his Saviour for nigh on thirty years
by the time he writes this letter. His desire is that those Christian to whom he is writing set an
example, so he instruct them as to how to live in harmony as part of the family of God.
I’m reminded of a song which goes something like this:
‘I love this family of God, so closely knitted into one,
They’ve taken me into their heart, and I’m so glad to be a part
of that great family.’
There is another which goes like this: ‘Jesus taught us how to live in harmony’.
It was Jesus Christ who said to His disciples, ”By this shall all men know that you are my disciples,
that you love one another.”
Love conquers many unpleasant feelings. It is Paul who writes in 1 Corinthians13, “If I speak in the
tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging
cymbal.” He goes on to say: “Love is patient, love is kind. ... It always protects, always trusts,
always hopes, always perseveres. Love never fails.” I suggest one reads the whole chapter.
Surely this sums up the life of the Christian. I believe Peter is pointing the recipients of his letter to
the Life of Jesus, their Saviour, encouraging them to follow His example by building their lives on
Him. After all, how can they expect to win others for Christ if they cannot agree among
themselves? There is nothing better than seeing men and women, husbands and wives living in
harmony. Truly this is Gods’ purpose for us, not to be ‘individual Christians’ but to be bound
together as the church of Christ Jesus. A true family is a united family, and we are the ‘Family of
God’. Peter quotes some verses from Psalm 34:12-15: “Whoever would love life and see good
days must keep his tongue from evil and his lips from deceitful speech, He must turn from evil and
do good; he must seek peace and pursue it. For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous and his
ears are attentive to their prayer, but the face of the Lord is against those who do evil.”
Read 1 Peter 3:13-17.
Exercise: How difficult or easy do you find Peter’s instructions to live up to in these verses and why do you think that is?
1 & 2 PETER Session 4, cont.
David Pawson, in his Commentary, p. 101, says: “Things will be done to you and said about you
that are not deserved. What do you do with what they do to you? You remember three things that
Peter said. He says you can’t be harmed, you will be blessed, and you needn’t be afraid. Next time
you are suffering unjustly, just say to yourself - I can’t be harmed, I will be blessed, and I need not
be afraid because God says so. You can’t be harmed. Jesus says don’t be afraid of those that can
kill your body and do nothing worse than that. ... They can touch you physically but they can’t
touch you spiritually.” (End of Quote)
Christians may well undergo persecution; however, such experiences may well lead to blessings.
God watches over His own, and also those who persecute all who believe in Him. He alone has
power to change the heart of a person. It seems that Peter is saying that there is a positive
antidote to fear, and it is giving Jesus Christ that special place in our hearts that makes Him the
Centre of our lives. “But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an
answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have.” Peter goes on to
remind Christians that there is a right way of doing this: “keeping a clear conscience, so that those
who speak maliciously against your good behaviour in Christ may be ashamed of their slander.”
The Wesley brothers, John and Charles, were the founders of Methodism. They preached
courageously before great crowds in the open air, in market places, village squares, in prisons
and wherever the opportunity arose, offering Jesus Christ to the people. Not only did they preach
faithfully and with great fervour, even when they were persecuted for it at great cost, many times
their lives were in danger as they suffered abuse, were pelted with various objects and, on
occasions, driven out of villages and towns. Through it all they remained faithful, giving the reason
for the hope they had in Jesus Christ, their Saviour. Through it all they were prepared to suffer for
Today we hear of many Christians, in a number of countries, who not only suffer great persecution
but are killed because of their love of Jesus. Their hope is built on nothing less than Jesus’ blood
and righteousness. Firmly anchored in Christ, they will receive their reward.
I’m certain, that as a fisherman, Peter would have approved of Priscilla Owen’s hymn:
‘Will your anchor hold in the storms of life,
When the clouds unfold their wings of strife?
When the strong tides lift and the cables strain,
Will your anchor drift, or firm remain?
We have an anchor that keeps the soul
Steadfast and sure while the billows roll;
Fastened to the Rock which cannot move,
Grounded firm and deep in the Saviour’s love.’
Peter knew that his faith was firmly anchored in Jesus, the solid rock. No longer impetuous Peter,
He could say with confidence: “Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his
great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ
from the dead, and to an inheritance that can never perish, spoiled or fade – kept in heaven for
you.” (etc.) (See 1 Peter 1:3-7).
Read 1 Peter 3:18-22.
This is not an easy passage to understand. The New Bible Commentary, Third Edition, p. 1243,
makes the following suggestion: “It is not easy to follow the thread of the argument here: so
anxious is the writer to bring out the fact that suffering was purposeful in the case of Jesus,
that he adduces two consequences of His death. The first is familiar to all Christians: it opened for
man the way to God. The second is not so familiar, but it appears from this verse that when, by
death, Christ’s spirit was separated from His body, He was enabled to go and preach in the spirit
1 & 2 PETER Session 4, cont.
world. Reference to this sphere links the writer in thought with Noah, whose experience of
salvation is a striking parallel with that which baptism symbolizes. The faith which is the believers
response to God in baptism is made possible by the resurrection from the dead, and Peter is now
linking both strands of thought together again by seeing the glorification of Jesus not only as the
divine sequel to His sacrificial death, but the compelling reason for men to respond to Him in faith.”
(End of quote).
Just as the flood water destroyed the world, but Noah and his family were saved as they floated in
the ark, so, in a similar way Peter sees baptism in water as a symbol of rescue from death. Just as
it was the ark that saved Noah and his family. So it is the risen, glorified Christ, not baptism in
itself, who saves all who trust Him and are cleansed from their sins.
I recall an old chorus we used to sing, 818 in Songs of Fellowship:
‘IN THE NAME OF JESUS, in the name of Jesus,
We have the victory.
In the name of Jesus, In the name of Jesus,
Demons will have to flee.
Who can tell what God can do?
Who can tell of His love for you?
In the name of Jesus, Jesus,
We have the victory.’
This is what Peter was trying to impress upon the believers that victory is in Christ alone! He who
has passed through death and raised to glory, will raise up the faithful to be with Him and share in
eternal life with Him. Thanks be to God for His unspeakable gift!
We close with John Newton’s hymn, 257 Hymns & Psalms, as a prayer:
‘How sweet the name of Jesus sounds in a believer’s ear!’
Exercise: Meditate on this hymn for a few moments, then, give thanks for your privileged position as a disciple of Jesus Christ.
1 & 2 PETER,
In our last session, Peter concluded by quoting a passage from Isaiah 40:6-8, speaking of how our lives are like grass, which blossoms for a brief while, then withers and decays, coming to its end. Our life-span is very minute compared to that of our Creator. One might say like a puff of smoke. He who was in the beginning and always will be, from eternity to eternity, has so planned it that, if we choose, we to can live and share eternity with Him; however, there are conditions. We must recognise our sinful mistakes and start all over again. Easier said than done, one might say.
When I left school, I took up an apprenticeship as a carpenter and joiner. Placed under the care of someone who was fully qualified, I watched, listened and followed his instructions. If I was uncertain I would ask for guidance. I attempted little jobs at first, then, as my confidence grew bigger ones. My apprenticeship was for five years, with a further year as an ‘improver’. When I was qualified as a carpenter and joiner, did that mean I knew it all? Certainly not! One is constantly learning new things. Being a Christian is very similar. It’s starting from scratch, beginning all over again, starting a new apprenticeship as a Christian, having been chosen by God to walk in his ways, putting oneself in the hands of the Master Craftsman, Jesus Christ Himself. Listening to Him and obeying Him, enables me to grow in grace. What happens when I forget or am distracted in some way, and make a mistake? I then need to come to Him, repent and say how sorry I am, ask His forgiveness and begin walking with Him again.
Exercise: How would you describe what your life has been as a Christian?
Just as Peter was saying in chapter 2:1-3, I have to come clean, like a new-born and “crave pure spiritual milk”, if I am to grow up in my salvation. Keeping in touch with the Master, without whom I am lost. I am reminded of John Henry Sammis’s hymn (687 Hymn & Psalms):
‘WHEN we walk with the Lord in the light of his word,
What a glory he sheds on our way!
While we do his good will, He abides with us still,
And with all who will trust and obey:’
I will always remember my children, their birth and their development as they grew and matured. Their first words: ‘Da da’, ‘Ma ma’. The first time they crawled, stood up, took their first faltering steps. They were on milk and then a little soft food, until eventually they were able to eat solid food, learning the difference between right and wrong, and they didn’t always get it right – sometimes deliberately! -. Thankfully, they matured into responsible people. It is very much like that in the Christian life, having received Jesus Christ as Saviour, like a newborn babe we are ‘born again’ into God’s kingdom. In one’s growth, mistakes will be made but, thankfully, our Father God provides a comforter, a councillor, an enabler in the Holy Spirit, so that we might grow and mature in His love and reflect His love, revealing His salvation to others.
Read 1 Peter 2:4-8.
Tom Wright has something to say about stones in his ‘For Everyone Bible Study Guide’, page 17: “For gardeners, stones are simply a nuisance. They get in the way. But for a first-century Jew who knew the scriptures, the very word stone carried a double promise. First, the great hope of Israel was that the true God, Yahweh, would return to Zion (Jerusalem) at last, coming back to live forever in the temple, once it had properly been rebuilt as a suitable residence for him. There was a long tradition of speaking about the temple being built on the “rock”, on the “cornerstone.” Find the right “stone” and you may be on the way to building the new temple ready for God to return.” (End of quote).
In these verses Peter quotes the prophet Isaiah, Isaiah 28:16: “See, I lay a stone in Zion, a chosen and precious cornerstone, and the one who trusts in him will never be put to shame.”
1 & 2 PETER, Session 3. Cont.
Exercise: In these verses Peter describes Jesus Christ as ‘the living Stone’. What did he mean by that and why was this ‘stone’ so important?
Stones have an amazing life-span, invincible strength and duration. Houses built with quality stone
last for hundreds of years or more. So Jesus as ‘the living Stone’ denotes His invincibility. He is
the living Stone, the foundation on which they are to build their lives because He alone has eternal
life, that life is found only in Himself. All who come to Jesus Christ are united to Him, becoming
one body. He may be despised by some in society, but He has been chosen by God, for the
salvation of all who will turn to Him and find grace to help in time of need. Jesus Christ is the very
foundation of all our hopes, our future depends on Him. We receive mercy and forgiveness from
God when we come to Jesus who, as our Redeemer, laid down His life for us; however, we come
to Him only by God’s amazing grace.
David Pawson puts it like this, page 58 in his Commentary: (He refers to how they build in the
Middle East) “They use a lot of stones of all different shapes and sizes, but they begin to build by
laying one stone, which is squared off and beautifully carved. They lay that at the bottom corner of
the building. It holds everything else up. They lay another stone on top of that on the corner and
then another smaller one. Then they take other stones of odd shapes and they build them against
that, with a brick corner ... the stone that is vital to it all is the bottom one called the chief
cornerstone and if that is not truly laid, then the building is going to be shaky because the stones
are irregular. They all rest on and are held up by the cornerstone and the stones built on the
cornerstone.”(End of Quote)
So, Jesus Christ is the life-giving stone, and as the Son of God has life in Himself. Peter is
Instructing these young believers to build their lives on Him, Christ, the ‘Solid Rock’. They are
“being built into a spiritual house ... a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to
God through Jesus Christ.” Believers are living stones that make up a spiritual temple in which, as
a holy priesthood, they offer up spiritual sacrifices that are pleasing in God’s sight.
Samuel John Stone wrote: (515 Hymns & Psalms)
‘THE church’s one foundation is Jesus Christ her Lord;
She is his new creation by water and the word;
From heaven he came and sought her to be his holy bride;
With his own blood he bought her, and for her life he died.”
‘On Christ the solid rock I stand, all other ground is sinking sand.’ Whatever people’s reactions
whether they come in faith to the living Stone, or reject Him as some have and still will. God has
also made Him the ‘capstone’, the head of the corner, the ‘Keystone’ of the building, which holds
all things together. ‘Rock of Ages, cleft for me, let me hide myself in Thee’.
Read 1 Peter 2:9-12.
As Israel was called God’s chosen people in the Old Testament, so in the New Testament
believers are designated as ‘chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation’ a people belonging
to God, and chosen for a purpose: “that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of
darkness into his wonderful light.”
Exercise: What else is Peter saying here and why in the Old Testament?
1 & 2 PETER, Session 3. Cont.
God kept saying saying that Jesus Christ is that cornerstone. Build your life upon Jesus, it takes
time, patience and that He was going to lay a corner stone in Israel. Peter is skill to build according to the architect’s design and in this case the architect is our Father, God. Your life and mine will not succeed if we are not building on Jesus. When we build on Jesus we become ‘living stones, rocks. As more and more people accept Jesus Christ, together they are built into a spiritual house. A house is built for people to live in and make it their home. Believers are that spiritual house, a house built for the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who comes to live in
us by His Spirit. You and I are built for a purpose to be: “a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people
belonging to God, and the reason, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of
darkness into his wonderful light.” No longer living in the darkness of sin but in His wonderful light,
all by God’s amazing grace. We are to live as aliens and strangers on earth, our citizenship is in
heaven. Peter is saying that those to whom he is writing (us included), that Jesus is the
Foundation Stone, the foundation on which we build our lives, no longer in darkness but in the
‘Light of Life.’
David Pawson writes, p. 62: “Do you know that before you became a Christian, you walked in
mental darkness? You could not understand or see things. If somebody talked to you about the
Bible, you would have said, “I just don’t see it. I can’t see what you’re getting at.” But as a believer
you have stepped out of mental darkness into mental light. There was another sort of darkness
you walked into-moral darkness. By this I mean you did not realise how bad you were. You
couldn’t see that either. You were groping around in the shadows, doing things that are best done
in the dark, things that you wouldn’t have like everybody else to know, thinking thoughts that you
wouldn’t have liked everybody to see. Which of you would like all the words you have said taken
down on a tape recorder and played through to everybody. We were once in darkness, but the
marvellous love of God lifted us out of the darkness, switched the light on, and we saw mentally
and morally – we realised where we were and the light showed us the way out.” (End of quote).
God is a God of justice; however, in Jesus Christ we can receive mercy. Justice means that I get
what I deserve; mercy means that I get what I don’t deserve. Thankfully, our God is also a merciful
and forgiving God to all who place their faith in Christ as Saviour and Lord, who pours out His Holy
Spirit, enabling those who believe this great truth to walk in His ways. H E Fosdick wrote:
‘GOD of grace and God of glory, on thy people pour thy power;’
When this happens, we will be doing exactly what Peter says: “Live such good lives among the
Pagans that, though they accuse you of doing wrong, they may see your good deeds and glorify
God on the day he visits us.”
Read 1 Peter 2:13 – 25.
Peter is not imagining for a moment that submission to Rulers and Masters is going to be easy, whether
they are Christian believers or not. Not everyone will respect those who are followers of Jesus Christ, far
from it. Many will be called to suffer in different ways for Jesus’ sake. “Slaves, submit yourselves to your
masters with all respect, not only to those that are considerate, but also to those who are harsh.” In the
ancient world almost everything was done by slaves. It appears to me that Peter is saying expect to suffer,
even as Christ suffered, even though “He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth.” ... He
did not retaliate; ... He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for
righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.” Peter understands that sin is put behind us because
we, along with those to whom he writing, have committed ourselves to the great Shepherd and Overseer of
our souls, in and through whom we have become ‘Living Stones’, “being built into a spiritual house to be a
holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices to God through Jesus Christ.” (v. 5). So be it Lord Jesus.
Exercise: What sort of reaction did you receive when people realized for the first time that you
are a Christian and how did it affect your ongoing relationships/job prospects?
Use 712 (Hymns & Psalms) by H D Fosdick, as a prayer to close:
“God of grace and God of glory, on thy people pour thy power;”
1 & 2 PETER,
In our introductory session, we saw Peter writing to groups of Christians in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, all parts of what is now modern Turkey. After embracing the gospel, they had given their allegiance to Jesus Christ as Saviour and Lord but persecution was beginning to increase. It appears that some Christians were beginning to wonder why these things were happening. Some felt that the death and resurrection of Jesus had ushered in the kingdom of God and that they were in the ‘last days’. Why, then, were those who had no belief in Jesus Christ still in control, if Jesus was on the throne? Some were beginning to lose heart as others scoffed at and ridiculed them. The world, itself, hadn’t seemed to have changed, evil things were still happening, Satan appeared to be having the time of his life. In the light of this, some of the believers were beginning to wonder whether they ought to be listening to some new teaching, instead of the original gospel message they had received.
We can learn a lot from what is taking place here. Peter draws from his own experience. It is so easy to forget the basis of our identity as Christians and so he reminds them that by the grace of God they have been chosen for the particular purpose of making Christ known, as have we. To do this they and we have to remain faithful to our calling. Through Jesus’ sacrificial death and in the power of the Holy Spirit, God has set us apart for His purpose, our lives having been transformed. We have become a new people. A new life has begun! What our Father God did for Jesus on that resurrection morn, he has also done for the Christian believer. Peter is reminding these Christians that grace and peace is theirs in abundance and that they must use it wisely.
Read again 1 Peter 1:3-9.
When you are born again, through the shed blood of Jesus and of the Holy Spirit, it doesn’t mean that your troubles are over, that everything is going to be plain-sailing from now on. Real faith is going to be tested. It is not going to be easy, far from it. Do not believe anyone who says, “If you come to Jesus your troubles are over”, because it is not true. In fact, when you come to Jesus your troubles begin. In fact, it was Jesus who said the opposite. He told his disciples, and that includes us, that in the world we will have much tribulation. If we are faithful to Jesus Christ we will be tempted, tested, tried. It is the trials that make us strong.
Exercise: What sort of trials has your faith had to go through?
I don’t know exactly what inspired Richard Jukes to write the following hymn, 403 in the Methodist Hymn Book, but it may well have been Peter’s words from 1 Peter 1:3-9, that had some influence:
“My heart is fixed, eternal God, Fixed on Thee:
And my immortal choice is made, Christ for me.
He is my Prophet, Priest, and King, Who did for me salvation bring;
And while I’ve breath I mean to sing: Christ for me.
In Him I see the Godhead shine; Christ for me
He is the Majesty Divine; Christ for me
The Father’s well-beloved Son. Co-partner of His royal throne,
Who did for human guilt atone; Christ for me.
In pining sickness or in health, Christ for me.
In deepest poverty or wealth, Christ for me.
And in that all-important day, When I the summons must obey,
And pass from this dark world away, Christ for me.”
I question why this amazing hymn has been left out of our modern hymn books?
1 & 2 PETER, Session 2 cont.
Peter loved his Lord, but he had to go through some very testing times, during which his faith was
challenged and tested, sometimes very severely, and at times found wanting, as Jesus said it would be. (Read Luke 22:24-32). Eventually, Peter gave his life out of love for his Lord. (Read John 21:15-19). In these verses from 1 Peter 3-9, we see Jesus Christ by faith (v. 8) working his purpose out in our lives, so that one day we will see Him as He is in all His glory as we enter His presence.
Read 1 Peter 1:10-12.
Exercise: What is Peter really saying in these verses?
David Pawson, in his commentary on 1 & 2 Peter, p. 24, writes: ‘“When God looked down on the world he could have said, “Oh I wash my hands of such a mess. I can’t do anything with it.” Martin Luther once said, “If I were God I’d have kicked the whole world to pieces long ago.” But when God looked down, he said, “I’m going to salvage those people – those useless people, those people who can’t do anything for anybody else, those people whom I made to serve me; they just can’t serve me, they are no good at it. I’m going to salvage them; I’m going to give them a new hope, a new faith, and a new love and I will make them useful. I can use them because I want them.” That is salvation and God is doing this the world over. He will salvage thousands of people this very day, and from being useless people they will become useful to God in his service. He can do it for you if you only let him.”’ (End of quote).
This salvation was the subject of careful investigation by the Old Testament prophets who foretold it, and they believed that the things they were proclaiming would be understood only by those to whom the good news of Jesus Christ was preached. In fact, this salvation was so wonderful that it was not yet fully revealed to the angels (see Romans 8:18-21). Those who are united with Jesus Christ, after suffering, will also enter His glory. So it is by the Holy Spirit, sent by Jesus Christ, Himself, first at Pentecost (Acts 2) that the almighty will accomplish great things that “Even angels long to look into”.
This was no new doctrine! The prophets of old searched diligently, “trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow.” The prophets in the Old Testament certainly had a message for their own generation; however they also looked to the future when their Messiah would come. Amazingly, the same Spirit of God, who guided the prophets of the Old Testament, also guided the New Testament preachers, Peter included, as they declared the good news of salvation in Jesus Christ the only Saviour. i.e. Isaiah 52:13 – 53:12; Zechariah 9:9-10, are just two examples from the Old Testament and are worth reading and taking on board.
Read 1 Peter 1:13-23.
Exercise: What is Peter really trying to get across to the people here?
J R Dummelow writes the following in his ‘One-Volume Bible Commentary, page 1042: “Such faith and hope belong to your life of sanctification; but so does obedience. Sanctification indeed means a holy life. Christ’s redemption has allowed you to call the Judge of all men Father; but you may not therefore fear Him less; indeed life becomes more awful when you think of the price and mystery of that redemption, which has been designed from eternity to direct your faith and hope to God Himself.” (End of quote).
So Peter is stressing that Christians must prepare themselves in this life, if they are to reap the blessing of eternal life in and through Christ Jesus, the reward that awaits them in their heavenly home. What it meant in the first century is a call for action! The reader was meant to gather up his long flowing garments and be ready for physical action. Here Peter was calling them to, “Prepare
1 & 2 PETER, Session 2 cont.
your minds for action”. They had to do something if they were to receive the blessings their Father
God had in store, and longed for them to receive. It meant setting their hearts and minds fully on Jesus and to be self-controlled. The old life had passed, the new had come! They were now children of the Light and they were expected to live as such. Born into the family of God, chosen and adopted by Him, they were to be obedient children, reflecting His goodness to all around them. “As obedient children, do not conform to the evil desires you had when you lived in ignorance. But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do.” Being holy means being set apart from sin and impurity, living only for God; selfish ambitions have ‘gone out the window’, as Peter says: “live your lives as strangers here in reverent fear.” It is a huge call to answer but God has promise grace sufficient for one’s need.
I’m reminded of a song which goes something like this:
“This world is not my home, I’m only passing through.
If heavens not my home, then Lord, what will I do?
The Saviour beckons me from heaven’s open door,
And I can’t feel at home in this world anymore.”
So we are to live as strangers in the world; friends, and even more, children of God, chosen by Him to live for His glory. ‘Past put behind us, for the future take us.’ God has shown us mercy through Jesus Christ, the eternal sacrifice. It is through Jesus’ sacrifice we are redeemed. All praise to God belongs! The disciple, John, writes, John 3:16: “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” Redeemed at such a price! What more can we ask? He who was in the beginning with God and was God, through whom all things were made, came in the flesh to redeem us (see John 1:1-5). Peter is speaking from his own experience.
Read 1 Peter 1:24-2:3.
Exercise: How would you explain Peter’s teaching in these final verses?
Peter recalls verses 24-25 from Isaiah 40:6-8. Here he reminds these early Christians of the fickleness of life in this world, their lives are fleeting at best. (The same applies to all people of every generation.) They must see this in the light of God’s word, which endures forever. Peter then reminds his readers that the old life with its earthly ambitions must go: “Therefore rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, envy, and slander of every kind.” Peter is in effect saying, ‘You need to begin again, start from scratch, confess your short-comings and be born again!” Like new-born children they must draw nourishment from simple spiritual food, which the Lord Himself will give them.
The New Bible Commentary, Third Edition, p. 1240, reads: “Such a wonderful new birth calls for a consequent concern for growth, for its subjects are now spiritual babes. This is to be achieved negatively by putting away all forms of evil, and positively by fostering the desire for spiritual milk, and keeping in mind the goal of full and final salvation as the end for which new life is given.” (End of quote).
So Peter closes this session with: “Like newborn babies, crave spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation, now that you have tasted that the Lord is good.”
Close by using 215 Hymns & Psalms, as a prayer;
AMAZING grace (how sweet the sound) that saved a wretch like me!
I trust that you have found this study helpful. Every blessing,
1 & 2 PETER
1 Peter begins with: “Peter an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God’s elect, strangers in the world, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance.”
Who was this Peter? Could this be one of two brothers, the other being Andrew, who came from the little fishing village of Bethsaida? The name Bethsaida meaning ‘Home of the Fishermen’. Who, it seems, made their home in Capernaum, which was located on the northern end of Lake Galilee, which was close to the main trade route, where they set up their fishing business. Was this the Peter whom Jesus of Nazareth called to leave his nets and fishing business behind and, along with his brother Andrew, follow Him? The Peter who was forthright and outspoken, often ‘putting his foot in it’? Was this the Peter, one of Jesus’ chosen twelve who He discipled for three years or so, who witnessed most of Jesus’ miracles, the one who acknowledged Jesus as the Christ and said he was prepared to follow Him, even if it meant having to die for Him; then denied that he ever knew his Master when challenged, in the high priest’s courtyard, at Jesus’ trial, when he thought his own life was in danger?
Was this the same Peter who, after Jesus’ resurrection, was challenged by Jesus, Himself, three times as they walked along the beach as to whether he really loved Him? “Simon son of John, do you truly love me more than these? (John 21:15). Each time Peter confirmed his love for Jesus. Jesus’ response was “Feed my lambs.” “Take care of my sheep.” And “Feed my sheep.” (See John 21:15-17). This was in effect Peter’s commissioning, He would shepherd the flock in Jesus’ absence. Was this the man who after the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples on that historic day of Pentecost, stood up and addressed the crowds, “Fellow Jews and all you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say.” (Acts 2:14). Who after he’d finished speaking, had baptised “about three thousand’ people into the Christian Faith? (Acts 2:41).
In his ‘One-Volume Bible Commentary’, page 1038, J R Dummelow writes: “Only in modern times have objections been raised, on the ground that such widespread and severe persecution as the letter implies was unknown during St. Peter’s lifetime, and that the author is more indebted to St. Paul’s Epistles than St. Peter was likely to be. These objections disappear when the Epistle itself and the relations of St. Peter to St. Paul are carefully studied. ... That both writer and readers were expecting a severe persecution is the first and strongest impression which the letter leaves on us. But this ‘fiery trial’ is only expected; it is not even certain that it will come at all (3:14-17). As yet there has been suffering from slander and isolation, but now something worse is certainly looked for. What had caused this expectation? In 64 A.D. there had been a great fire at Rome, which Emperor Nero was suspected of having caused. He directly afterwards put to death a large number of Christians in order to quiet the people.” (End of quote)
Tradition has it that after a lifetime of preaching the ‘Good News’ of Jesus Christ and teaching and shepherding the new believers (possibly accompanied in his journeys by his wife), Peter was crucified upside-down during Nero’s dreadful persecution that began in 64 A.D. Upside-down because he did not feel worthy of being crucified in the same manner as his Saviour and Lord.
The following is a quote from ‘The New Bible Commentary, Third Edition’, page 1236: “It is held that the style and language, which are admittedly good, but not really so classical as some would like to make out, are far too good for Peter, who was described in Acts 4:13 as ‘uneducated’.
Objectors also point out that the OT quotations are from the LXX” (‘Septuagint’) (End of quote). (The Septuagint is the principle Greek version of the Old Testament, including the Apocrypha - that is the 14 books included as an appendix to the Old Testament, but not in the Hebrew canon.)
1 & 2 PETER, Introductory Session cont.
One must remember, however, that in Peter’s day most Galileans were bi-lingual. The Greek language would have been familiar to Peter from a very young age, after all, his brother Andrew’s name was a Greek one, and as a fisherman living on one of the main trade routes it was essential that he spoke it with those passing through. After thirty years or so of preaching and Christian teaching far and wide, most of those in the growing Church, in the vast area that it now covered, would have been of Gentile origin.
We understand that these Christians, to whom the author is writing, were groups “scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia,” (see 1 Peter 1:1). Five Roman provinces which covered a large part of modern Turkey.
However, the Christian writers, in or near apostolic times, had no reason to doubt that this Peter, one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, was the author of this Epistle, and that he was writing from Rome at the time of Nero, possibly from prison, in the year 63 A.D..
In fact, Peter was writing to a church or churches, similar to some churches today, where false teaching was on the rise. He writes warning against false teaching that denied the return of Jesus Christ, also that some leaders allowed a dilution of moral conduct. He is concerned because the real message of the gospel and the return of Jesus Christ are in danger of being neglected, or forgotten altogether. Peter bases his letters on historical facts, eye-witness accounts and truths revealed in Scripture. It appears he is writing from a Jewish background, but by this time practically all churches were mixed i.e. of Jewish/Gentile origin; however, and is full of the truth that the Christian Church is the true Israel of God.
Some of the scattered groups, to whom he is writing, have not long been Christians and his purpose is to instruct them in the practical consequences of living out their Christian faith, and how to cope with trials and suffering that may well come their way at some point in their lives.
Regarding Peter’s opening address, the ‘One-Volume Bible Commentary’, page 1239, reads: “Peter begins by declaring his identity and authority, and names those to whom the letter is addressed. These are Christians now scattered throughout the Roman provinces of Asia Minior, who have been brought by God into a relationship to each person of the Trinity. The Father has chosen them and set them apart by the Spirit that they may live a life of obedience to Jesus Christ,
being cleansed for such a walk by the sprinkling with his blood. To such Peter sends greetings for the increase upon them of the characteristic blessings of Old (peace i.e. well-being) and New (grace) Covenants.” (End of quote).
Exercise: Why is Peter addressing those to whom he is writing as ‘strangers in the world’?
So the people to whom Peter was writing were scattered throughout quite a vast area, a mix of Jewish and Gentile backgrounds. Some may well have heard him speak in Jerusalem on that historic Pentecost (Acts 2:9-11), when the Holy Spirit came, not only on Jesus’ disciples, filling them with power from on high, but through Peter’s message, upon about three thousand listeners who repented, turn to Jesus Christ, confessing Him as Saviour and Lord and were baptized into the ‘Christian’ faith.
In his letter, Peter greets his readers in the name of the Holy Trinity, reminding them that it is all in God’s plan, that all the events have their source in God’s foreknowledge. God the Father has sanctified them through the work of the Holy Spirit for a specific purpose. They have been chosen to bring glory to the Father, and the Holy Spirit will grant them all the power required to bring them to obedience in Jesus Christ.
1 & 2 PETER, Introductory Session cont.
John, in his gospel, reminds us of the night Jesus was betrayed and His teaching on the importance of the Holy Spirit in His disciples’ lives. (Read John 16:5-15). John also reveals to us a little portion of Jesus’ prayer, first for Jesus Himself, then for His band of disciples, finally for all who will believe in Him through their message. (Read John 17:6-26).
I think that this is what Peter meant when he said, ”To God’s elect, strangers in the world, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by his blood.” (1 Peter 1:1-2.). Once they were part of the world because of their human nature; now, chosen by God and ‘made holy’ through the Holy Spirit, having been washed clean through the precious blood of Jesus, they are no longer of the world but are servants of the heavenly King.
Exercise: Think back to the time when you changed from a person of the world to a child and servant of God, then share it with someone.
I can remember the date, time and place when I asked Jesus to come into my life as my Saviour and Lord, to forgive my past and help me begin a new life in Him. (Not everyone can.) It was at the old Peverell Road chapel in Porthleven, on the 25th October 1959. (Now I’m showing my age!) Some of you will have heard it before, so I’ll try to keep it brief!
It was at the 6pm service. I’d been thinking about becoming a ‘real Christian’ for some time because I saw the change Jesus Christ made in the lives of some of my friends; however, I was afraid that I might not be able to live up to such a commitment. I had been praying morning and evening, “Lord, have mercy on me, a sinner. Come into my life and change me.” I wanted to make a commitment quietly, so that if it did not work out nobody would know. The Lord had other ideas!
We were singing 669 from the Methodist Hymn Book (673 Hymns & Psalms) “Dear Lord and Father of mankind, forgive our foolish ways”. The whole hymn spoke to me and I felt myself getting warm whist we were singing. By the time I got to verse five, a burning sensation went right through me and I found myself kneeling at the communion rail, asking the Lord to forgive me and accept me as His own. Here I’ll pause to quote the last two verses of what I call my ‘Conversion Hymn’:
“Drop thy still dews of quietness, till all our strivings cease;
Take from our souls the strain and stress,
And let our ordered lives confess the beauty of the peace.
Breathe through the heats of our desire thy coolness and thy balm;
Let sense be dumb, let flesh retire;
Speak through the earthquake, wind, and fire, O still small voice of calm!
I was baptised by the Holy Spirit that evening, a disciple of Jesus Christ. I still, however, had a lot to learn and it was not easy by any means. Yes I made mistakes, many of them, but by God’s grace and mercy, through the Holy Spirit’s power, ‘I’m pressing on the upward way’. This was what Peter was encouraging the recipients of his letter to do, to press on and not to give up because a reward awaits them.
Read 1 Peter 1:3-9.
Exercise: In this reading, Peter mentions quite a few things that disciples should be thankful for. Hence he begins with the following proclamation: “Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!” How many can you discover and name?
There are so many benefits poured out upon the Christian believer here. In fact, they are so great that it is possible to pass through times of testing joyfully, by faith in one’s Saviour, Jesus Christ. A strong faith in Him is the road that leads to full salvation. In Christ our future is assured.
1 & 2 PETER, Introductory Session cont.
The ‘New Bible Commentary Third Edition’, page 1239 reads: “As Peter surveys the richness of the salvation believers enjoy, he cites its source (his great mercy), its scope (born anew; cf. John 3:1-21), its effect (a living hope), its means (through the resurrection . . . from the dead), its Agent (of Jesus Christ) and its goal (to an inheritance). In these verses salvation is seen in all its tenses: Christians have been born anew by the mercy of God, and are being guarded by the power of God and look forward to obtaining complete deliverance from all evil in the last time. 6, 7 such blessings from God should lead to rejoicing in spite of difficulties, for the purpose of earthly trials is to sift out what is really genuine in our faith. 8, 9 This triumphant faith in the unseen Christ has two results for the believer: at present an inexpressible joy even in the midst of adversity, and for the future the prospect of the fuller realization and enjoyment of salvation.” (End of quote).
Exercise: So what else can we learn from what Peter is saying?
The supreme cause that keeps the Christian on track is the power of God, it is supreme and inexhaustible! Nothing can stand against it. Trials test us like ‘gold in the fire’. Genuine faith brings glory and honour to Jesus Christ. “These have come so that your faith - of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire – may be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honour when Jesus Christ is revealed.” (v. 7). Such faith will also bring glory and honour to the one who remains faithful to Jesus, during those testing times. “Though you have not seen him, you love him; and even though you do not see him now, you believe in him and are filled with an inexpressible and glorious joy, for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls.” (v. 8).
Peter, in this introductory session, brings the good news that they have a future in Jesus Christ that is beyond compare. That no one can separate them from the love of God in Christ Jesus. Hence he can say: “Grace and peace be yours in abundance.” (1:2b)
I’ll leave you with a beautiful hymn, composed by Wendy Churchill (366 Mission Praise).
You might like to use it as the basis for a Prayer:
‘Jesus is King and I will extol Him, give Him the glory, and honour His Name;
He reigns on high, enthroned in the heavens, Word of the Father, exalted for us.
We have a hope that is steadfast and certain, gone through the curtain and touching the throne;
We have a priest who is there interceding, pouring His grace on our lives day by day.
We come to Him, our Priest and Apostle, clothed in His glory and bearing His name,
Laying our lives with gladness before Him – filled with His Spirit we worship the King.
‘O Holy One, our hearts do adore You; thrilled with Your goodness we give You our praise!’
Angels in light with worship surround Him, Jesus, our Saviour, forever the same.’
Every blessing in Christ Jesus,
Luke, Chapter 2, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Our last session concluded with statement regarding Zechariah and Elizabeth’s son, John: “And the child grew and became strong in spirit; and he lived in the desert until he appeared publicly to Israel.” Today we concentrate on his cousin, Jesus.
May the God bless you as explore further.
Read Luke 2:1-7. Q.1. Why did Joseph leave Nazareth and go to Bethlehem?
Read Luke 2:8-12. Q.2. What was the good news that the angel brought to the shepherds, and who was it for?
Read Luke 2:13-20. Q.3. Why were the ‘heavenly host’ praising God?
Q.4. What was the outcome of the heavenly host praising God?
Q.5. What was the result of the shepherds visit?
Read Luke 2:21-35. Q.6. Why did Mary and Joseph present Jesus at the Temple?
Q.7. What affect did this have on Simeon, and what did he declare?
Q.8. What did Simeon mean in verses 34-35?
Read Luke 2:36-40. Q.9. What do you glean from these verses?
Read Luke 2:41-52. Q.10. Why do you think the teachers in the temple courts were so amazed
by Jesus’ answers?
Q.11. Give your explanation of verses 49-52.
‘The Advent Hope’
It may surprise you to know that the Christian Church has had a calendar from early days. Today, for our benefit, not just a calendar but a lectionary is produced each year for the benefit of all Christians, especially preachers. The purpose: for discipline, so that none of the great themes are omitted, difficult and demanding though they might be.
The Christian year begins with Advent, followed quickly by the Christmas festival, Epiphany soon afterwards; Jesus’ baptism; Lent; Passion Sunday; Palm Sunday; Holy Week; Good Friday; the Easter Festival; Ascension Day; Pentecost and Trinity Sunday. Although there may be slight variations, any congregation following the lectionary would hear a full proclamation of the Christian Faith.
The Advent season covers the four weeks up until Christmas. The theme ‘Advent’ covers images of judgement and hope that have to be wrestled with, beginning in the Old Testament; Advent covers the four Sundays leading up to Christmas but, most importantly, reveals the coming of God, not only at Christmas but also at the end of time. Advent is an important time for Christians as it is the commencement of the Christian Year.
Reading the Old Testament, we often find alongside the pain and persecution of God’s people there is a message of hope. Even though judgement is taking place, there in the midst of it is the promise of hope for the future,
Read Isaiah 51:1-11
Exercise: How do you read this passage, what is God saying here?
God’s people, the Israelites, are captives in Babylon; Jerusalem is largely in ruins. Through the prophet Isaiah, their God, Jehovah, offers them a word of encouragement. In the past, God made Israel a great nation through Abraham, his friend. Sadly, through their disobedience, ignoring His laws, they distanced themselves from Him. Judgement had been passed upon them, Jerusalem, their homeland, had been destroyed and they were enslaved in a foreign land, however, He still calls them His people, His nation. He calls upon them to give ear and listen to what He says. His promise is: “My righteousness draws near speedily, my salvation is on the way,” (v.4). His promise is to rescue them from their oppressors. Notice also, in that same verse, that the Lord says, “my arm will bring justice to the nations.” Not just Israel!
In verse 9, the prophet is calling to God on behalf of the nation, Israel: “Awake, awake! Clothe yourself with strength, O arm of the Lord; awake, as in days gone by, as in generations of old.” He then recalls some bygone events where the mighty arm of God acted in their favour. He is about to escort His people back to their beloved city, “They will enter Zion with singing; ...everlasting joy will crown their heads. Gladness and joy will overtake them, and sorrow and sighing will flee away.” (v.11)
The prophet, Jeremiah, now an old man who remained in Jerusalem, had a word from the Lord regarding His people exiled in Babylon. Read Jeremiah 29:4-7.
The false prophets predicted a swift return but Jeremiah sees the situation differently, advising the exiles to settle down in the land and live normal lives, they are to build houses for themselves, marry and have children; to “seek the peace and prosperity of the city.” It will be seventy years before they return to their homeland. (v.10)
The people of Israel may have had all kinds of reasons for not being able to “sing the Lord’s song in a strange land”, as they sat by the rivers of Babylon (Psalm 137), but hope is not lost because Isaiah brings encouragement through another prophecy. Read Isaiah 52:7-10.
Exercise: Does anything stand out to you in this prophecy?
‘The Advent Hope’ cont.
Whilst God promises to bring His people back to their homeland and the restoration of Zion – Jerusalem -, there is something else that stands out. We see it in v. 10: “The Lord will lay bare His
holy arm in the sight of all the nations and all the ends of the earth will see the salvation of our God.”
In his book ‘Looking At Advent’ p.25, Brian Haymes writes: “It is not, of course, the actual return that the prophet is describing. He is delivering the all-important message that the King is coming. God has set out. He is on His way. Who knows how long this journey will take? The important point, however, is that He is coming. That is the truth of the matter and everything must now be seen in that light. Life is to be lived in the knowledge that out of the future, the Saviour is coming.
The message of hope comes through Jeremiah at the nation’s darkest hour. When all seemed lost, God promises forgiveness, restoration and a future (chapters 30-31).
Read Ch. 31:1-14; 31:15-20.
There is also the promise of a new covenant that would replace that made on Sinai, which they had broken. Only this time He would give them power from within that would enable them keep the new covenant: Read Ch. 31:31-34.
In a sense, both Isaiah and Jeremiah are not only speaking of the near future, in the short term, the return of the exiled, but are also looking beyond that to the new covenant that will be brought in by the Messiah, Jesus Christ, Himself, when his ”arm will bring justice to the nations. and all the ends of the earth will see the salvation of our God.”
There are many more pointers in the Old Testament but we must leave it at this point, suffice to say that God is going to fulfil His promise to Abraham, as recorded in Genesis 22:18, “and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.” The Messiah is coming, God’s personal Saviour for all mankind. His people must prepare themselves for His arrival! God’s activity in the past ensures hope for the future, out of the future God will come!
The last prophet in the O. T. is Malachi, whose name means ‘My Messenger’. Here, in this prophecy, lies the final link. Read Malachi 3:1.
Read John 1:1-8.
John, at the very beginning of his gospel message, declares that the messenger, who is to prepare the way for God’s coming to earth, will be another John. Luke informs us that he was the son of a priest, Zechariah, and Elizabeth, his wife (Luke Ch. 1).
Read John 1:9-18.
Exercise: What do you think John, the writer, is saying in his prologue, introductory verses?
John declares that the Word was God; that He took on human form and became one of us; He was of one being with the Father. He was with the Father in the beginning, the Creator of all things. He was the source of life. God had come to earth. J. R. Dummelow writes: “He is the inward Word of God, because He exists from all eternity ‘in the bosom of the Father,’ as much one
with Him as reason is one with the reasoning mind. Nothing is as close to a man as his own thought. It is within him, and is in a very real sense himself. So nothing is as close to God as His own eternal Word. It is within Him, it is one with Him, and it is divine like him. (vv. 1, 2, 18). Christ is also God’s outward Word. He expresses and explains and reveals to the world what God is. It was He who created the world.” (The One-Volume Commentary p. 774).
‘The Advent Hope’ cont.
So the promised Messiah arrives. John, known as the Baptist, baptises Him and His ministry begins. He, who was promised to Mary by the angel Gabriel, arrives as a babe in Bethlehem. Conceived through the Spirit of God, He becomes flesh, God has arrived on the scene in human form. Anointed by the Holy Spirit, the ministry of the Christ begins. Through Him God will reconcile mankind to Himself but first, He must gather together a band of disciples to assist Him in His ministry, and continue it after He returns to His rightful place. His ministry on earth will last only three brief years, until, for the sake of the human race, he will be offered up as a sacrifice for their transgressions, thus fulfilling Isaiah, the prophet’s proclamation.
Death could not hold the eternal Word because life and death were His creation. Jesus, the Christ, returns to His rightful place. Read Daniel 7:13-14.
Here we see the first reference to the Son of Man, a title which Jesus applied to Himself. “all peoples, nations and men of every language worshipped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.”
True to the angel’s word, the new King, Jesus Christ, who is King of Kings and Lord of Lords and of King David’s line arrived and the Spirit of the Lord was upon Him. Yet, even though the nation was looking and waiting for His arrival, When He came He was despised and rejected by the very people He came to save! However, God has raised him up and seated Him at His right hand in glory, where He intercedes for us. The consequence of this King’s eternal reign will be the transformation of all creation. We have a High Priest of the order of Melchizedek (see Hebrews 7) who will not only bring in the promised ‘new covenant’ but will do so through His shed blood.
Read Hebrews 8.
In Acts 1:11, a promise made by the angels to Jesus’ disciples was: “This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.” However, not until the appointed time, which is known only to the Father.
Read 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 5:1-11; 5:12-24.
The apostle, Paul, in his letter to the Thessalonians speaks of a second Advent, when Jesus Christ will come from heaven at the trumpet call “and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air.” Then comes more words of encouragement from Paul: “and so we will be with the Lord forever.” This particular event is often called the ‘rapture’, the joyful ecstasy, the transportation into the world of Light, where Christ reigns and there is no darkness whatsoever. Where, in His presence, we can gaze upon His face, safe and secure forever more.
Paul makes a wonderful statement, 1 Thessalonians 5:10-11, “He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with him. Therefore encourage one another and build each other up, just as in fact you are doing.”
Read Revelation 19:1-10.
Exercise: What do you glean from these verses?
The Bridegroom is coming for His Bride, the Church. The invitation has gone out! Who will come and partake in the Wedding Supper? The Bride is clothed in purity and grace, awaiting the arrival of the Bridegroom, whose appearance is imminent.
Read Revelation 22:1-6.
‘The Advent Hope’ cont.
In his vision, the apostle, John, describes heaven-on-earth, concerning the New Jerusalem, the heavenly city, for the redeemed of the Lord to enter and enjoy. Nothing will spoil it because God’s
presence will always be there; sin has been banished. Nothing this world offers can compare with what is yet to come, the glorious splendour and shining radiance, ultimate peace, freedom and security in the presence of the King of Kings, the Lord of Lords. Nothing will be able to spoil because all will have reached ‘perfection’s height’.
Read vv. 12-17.
One day John’s vision will come to pass. Christ’s coming is imminent! The root and offspring of David will suddenly appear and all who make up the Church must make themselves ready, so that the Bride, in all her beauty, will present herself as holy and blameless before Him.
Like the disciples of old, we, as Christians, are not called to conform to this world but to be transformed by the renewing of our minds. This we can do by the help of Holy Spirit promised by Christ Jesus, Himself, to His disciples (John 14:15-18). What do we have to do? Simply reach out and touch the hem of His garment, reach out and believe. Like the faithful of old, embrace Him, let him have control and be prepared to be transformed into His likeness.
George Rawson puts it beautifully in his hymn (19 Hymns & Psalms): “Renewed by thy Spirit, redeemed by thy Son, Thy children revere thee for all thou hast done. O Father! Returning to love and to light, Thy children are yearning to praise thee aright.”
Jesus Christ is coming again to receive His Bride, the Church. Again, the question is: Am I about the Father’s business, ready, watching for the Bridegroom’s return; or is my heart set on other things?
“The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” and let him who hears say, “Come!” Whoever is thirsty, let him come; and whoever wishes, let him take the free gift of the water of life.” (Rev. 22:17).
Read Revelation 22:18-20a
We say together: vv. 20b-21:
“Amen. Come, Lord Jesus. The grace of the Lord Jesus be with God’s people. Amen.”
Advent: ‘Hopes & Dreams’
One might say that ‘Hopes & Dreams’ began with the call of Abram.
READ Genesis 12:1-3.
God’s promise to His servant, Abram, was a sevenfold promise, which is quite clear from the snippet just read: 1) “I will make you into a great nation”, 2) “I will bless you”. 3) “I will make your name great”, 4) “you will be a blessing”, 5) “I will bless those who bless you”, 6) “whoever curses you I will curse”, 7) “all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.”
The first six promises made are solely to Abram; however, the seventh promise, although made to Abram, actually speaks of all peoples, nations and tongues receiving God’s blessing through His servant. GOD’S ORIGINAL BLESSING, found in Genesis 1:28, at the beginning of creation would be restored. “God blessed them and said to them, Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.”
Eventually, the man of God settles, along with his family, in the land of Canaan.
Read Genesis 12:4-7.
The history of the Hebrew people is rather chequered, to say the least. Time after time they disobeyed the Lord’s instructions, resulting in catastrophe after catastrophe, their falling, at various times, to the nations round about, and their being led into captivity time and again. Such is the scene when a young prophet by the name of Isaiah begins his work around 700 BC. He intervenes on God’s behalf and confronts King Ahaz, who is not willing to “put the Lord to the test.” at a crucial time in the people’s history.
Read Isaiah 7:10-14.
(The sign of Immanuel)
A couple of chapters further on Isaiah prophesied, bringing hope to the nation.
Read Isaiah 9:1-7.
This is what the people were wanting and longing to hear, good news indeed! A warrior like King David, one from David’s line and the promise confirmed with the words: “The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish it.” As one can imagine, hope soared within the nation.
READ the first two verses of James Montgomery’s hymn (125 Hymns & Psalms) ‘Hail to the Lord’s Anointed, Great David’s greater Son!”
Exercise: What is your hope?
Three hundred years latter God’s people were still awaiting their Deliverer. Another glimmer of hope dawns as the prophet, Malachi, speaks forth on God’s behalf. With this message of hope; however, there is also much more than a hint of judgement.
Read Malachi 2:17-3:1.
Who is this messenger that the prophets speak of, “who will prepare the way before” the Lord?
Read Luke 1:5-25.
Both Zechariah and Elizabeth were descendants of Aaron. There were twenty-four priestly divisions from the time of King David, Abijah being one of the priestly families. One of the duties of
Advent: ‘Hopes & Dreams’ cont.
the priest was to keep the incense burning on the alter situated in front of the Most Holy Place. As the priests were chosen by lot, most of them only had the privilege of performing this duty infrequently; some never had the opportunity to serve in this way at all. It was whilst serving as priest before God that Zechariah, chosen by lot, has a vision of “an angel of the Lord ... standing at the right side of the alter of incense”. The angel Gabriel’s message is of Elizabeth having a son who is going to be the forerunner, who will “make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”, For Zechariah this is beyond belief and, we note, he is unable to speak until his son is named John, according to the angel’s word.
However, hope is rising as God begins to work in mysterious ways.
Read Luke 1:26-28.
Read Mary’s Song: Luke 1:46-56.
Here Mary rejoices because of God’s blessings and recalls God’s promise to Abraham, many centuries before (Vv. 54-55).
This is followed by the birth of John the Baptist and the account of how the voice of Zechariah is restored, as the angel, Gabriel, said it would be. “And now you will be silent and not be able to speak until the day this happens, because you did not believe my words, which will come true at their proper time.” (V. 20).
Now Zechariah, filled with the Holy Spirit, prophesies concerning his own son. “And you, my child, will be called a prophet of the Most High; for you will go on before he Lord to prepare the way for him.”
Read vv, 67-80.
Meanwhile, the Lord has been working in the lives of His lowly handmaiden, Mary, and her betrothed husband, Joseph, who is confused and bewildered by Mary’s story and the visitation of the angel Gabriel and his message. His beloved is going to have a son and the boy is not his! He would divorce her; but ...
Read Matthew 1:18-21.
It was a dream that would change the life and destiny of the nation. It would see the fulfilment of Isaiah’s prophecy, some seven hundred years since, that brought a ray of hope to an ailing nation (Isaiah 7:14). Immanuel was on His way; then, more hope still. Read again Isaiah 9:1-7.
Where would this take place? In Bethlehem in Judea, according to the prophet Micah. Ultimately “all peoples on earth will be blessed ...” through Him. Read Micah 5:2-5a.
Matthew tells us of how the Gentile world came to know and experience the Advent Hope for themselves and how that hope was kept alive through a dream. Read Matthew 2:1-12.
Satan continues his attempt to use King Herod to thwart God’s plans; however, through yet another dream the great escape is executed; but at great expense! Read Matthew 2:13-18.
It was about three and a half years before the refugees, Mary and Joseph with the boy, Jesus, made the return journey to their homeland. Two more dreams kept hopes alive!
Read Matthew 2:19-23.
Advent: ‘Hopes & Dreams’ cont.
So, the Word, who was God, and “... was with God in the beginning” (John 1:2) and through whom all things were created, entered our world. John sums up the first advent like this: “The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” (John 1:14).
The words of the prophets are fulfilled as we read in Mark 1, with John the Baptist heralding the arrival of the Messiah and calling people to repentance, in readiness for the Good News that He will bring. Read Mark 1:1-8.
This is followed by Jesus of Nazareth’s baptism in the Jordan river, then in v. 11: “the Spirit descending on him ... And a voice came from heaven: ‘“You are my Son, whom I love, with you I am well pleased.”’
The answer to the hopes and dreams of the Hebrew people was standing there before them but, apart from a few, they recognized him not! Yet here was the One who would redeem Israel and, indeed, through His death and resurrection the whole world! Thus, fulfilling God’s promise to His servant Abraham, “all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.”
Most of the second part of Jesus Christ’s ministry was devoted to the fact that one day He will return, “like a thief in the night”, to call those who keep faith in Him unto Himself, when they will receive their reward. In contrast: those who reject Him in this life, will likewise be rejected by Him when He comes the second time to establish His eternal reign, with dire consequences.
Today, Christ’s disciples look forward to His Second Advent, or His ‘Second Coming’, with great hope and expectancy and in response to His bidding: “Yes, I am coming soon.” We respond along with the author of Revelation: “Amen. Come, Lord Jesus. The grace of the Lord Jesus be with God’s people. Amen.” (Revelation 22:20-21).
Verses 3 and 4 of Phillips Brooks’ hymn reads as follows:
(113 Hymns & Psalms)
“How silently, how silently, the wondrous gift is given!
So God imparts to human hearts the blessings of his heaven.
No ear may hear his coming; but in this world of sin,
Where meek souls will receive him still the dear Christ enters in.
O Holy Child of Bethlehem, descend to us, we pray;
Cast out our sin, and enter in, be born in us today!
We hear the Christmas angels the great glad tidings tell;
O come to us, abide with us, Our Lord Immanuel!”
Think for a moment, then in your own words, how would you describe your hopes and dreams?
Heavenly Father, we come to you in distress.
The whole world is in a mess
and we have much to confess.
We have not looked after our planet as we ought
even though we have been taught.
We continue to ignore your guidance, and distort
nature`s balance and flow.
We act as if we are the ones who know
just how everything should go.
Forgive us we pray.
Creator God, we lift these troubled times to You.
We do not really know what to do –
when – or what - or how - or who?
There seems to be no satisfactory solution
to the rapid advancement of pollution.
We all need to make a firm resolution
to humbly bring our mistakes back to our Creator.
There is nobody greater
to deal with mankind – the great dissipator.
Please help us today.
Loving Saviour, we come, knowing that you are near,
and that you will always hear
as we bring to you our troubled minds and our fear.
For too long mankind has looked away from God and His laws.
Awaken our souls we pray that we may not give you cause
to punish us further. Help us to find time to pause
before the Cross,
and to acknowledge that we are offered a new start because
the price was paid by Your blood loss.
Keep us on the Narrow Way.
Immanuel, as we continue, down your road
remind us of your Presence in hidden mode,
helping us to carry life`s load.
We do not know what lies ahead
and can only ask for daily bread.
Give us the courage to firmly tread
into the future sharing with joy
the Peace that nothing can destroy –
THE PEACE THAT NOTHING – NOT EVEN A VIRUS - CAN DESTROY!
Luke, Chapter 1, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
The Gospel according to Luke is a companion to the book of Acts. Both are addressed to the same individual, Theophilus, meaning ‘one who loves God’. Luke was believed to be a Gentile, a physician who was well educated in Greek culture. Luke accompanied Paul at various times, a loyal friend who remained with Paul after others deserted him.
May God bless you richly, as we make our way through ‘The Gospel, According To Luke’.
Read Luke 1:1-4. Q.1. How was Luke able to write an ‘orderly account’?
Read Luke 1:5-10. Q.2. What privilege did Zechariah enjoy?
Read Luke 1:11-17. Q.3. What was “Your prayer has been heard” about?
Q.4. What would the Holy Spirit cause John to do?
Read Luke 1:18-20. Q.5. What was the result of Zechariah’s response?
Read Luke 1:21-22. Q.6. What conclusion did the people come to?
Read Luke 1:23-25. Q.7. To whom did Elizabeth give credit?
Read Luke 1:26-33. Q.8. How did Mary receive the news brought by the angel?
Q.9. What was the good news that Gabriel brought to Mary?
Q.10. What did he say she must do?
Read Luke 1:34-38. Q.11. How did Gabriel’s respond to Mary’s question: “How will this be?”
Q.12. How did Mary respond to what Gabriel told her?
Read Luke 1:39-45. Q.13. What was the result of Mary’s greeting to Elizabeth?
Q.14. What was Elizabeth’s response to Mary’s news?
Luke, Chapter 1 Part 2, Tuesday Afternoon Fellowship
Last time we finished with Mary visiting her aunt, Elizabeth, with Elizabeth, inspired by the Holy Spirit, declaring: “Blessed is she who has believed that what the Lord has said to her will be accomplished!” (Verse 45) Enjoy the rest of the chapter and may the Lord Jesus bless you in your study.
Read Luke 1:46-49. Q.1. What were these words that made Mary rejoice, in response to?
Read Luke 1:50-55. Q.2. Can you recall some of the mighty deeds (v 51) if so what?
Q.3. Suggest some ways in which was God merciful to Abraham and his
Read Luke 1:56. Q.4. Why do you think Mary stayed that length of time?
Read Luke 1:57-61. Q.5. Why did Elizabeth insist that her child be named John?
Read Luke 1:62-66. Q.6. What earlier prophecy was fulfilled when Zechariah wrote, “His name is
Read Luke 1:67-75. Q.7. What is really important in these verses?
Q.8. What prophecy have you experienced? Please feel free to share.
Read Luke 1:76-79. Q.9. What stands out to you in Zechariah’s prediction?
Read Luke 1:80. Q.10. Does this verse suggest anything to you, if so what?
Acts Chapter 28, Tuesday Afternoon Bible Fellowship.
We now come to the triumphant conclusion of Luke’s account of the Acts of the Apostles. After a miraculous escape from the perilous sea, with no loss of life, they reach land on the island of Malta.
May God be gracious to you and bless you richly, as you read and study this closing chapter.
Acts 28:1-6. Q.1. What sort of welcome did Paul and those who were on the ship receive on the Island of Malta?
Q.2. What was the reaction of the islanders after the viper bit Paul’s hand?
Acts 28:7-10. Q.3. Why do you think the governor of Malta welcome them into his home?
Q.4. How did Paul act out the gospel message and what was the affect of his action?
Acts 28:11-16. Q.5. Some Christians gave Paul an invitation. What was it?
Q.6. What amazing thing is recorded in this passage?
Acts 28:17-22. Q.7. What was ‘the hope if Israel’?
Acts 28:23-28. Q.8. What does Paul spend a whole day talking about and why?
Q.9. What did the Holy Spirit declare to the prophets?
Q.10. What does Paul’s quote from Isaiah, say to you?
Q.11. Give your reason why Paul closes his address with verse 28?
Acts 28:30-31. Q.12. What is amazing about these closing verses?
EPHESIANS SESSION 8
“FINALLY, BE STRONG IN THE LORD”
Paul’s message throughout, so far, is that Christians have been chosen by God and adopted into His family, that they, us included, are made alive because of what Christ has achieved through His death on the cross. We have access to the Father by the one Holy Spirit, that all nationalities are equal in His sight. He makes known the mystery “that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.” Whilst we may have different gifts, given by the one Spirit for our mutual benefit, we are to build up the body of Christ, who is the head. Therefore, Paul urges them and us “to live a life worthy of the calling you have received ... Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace.”
To achieve this one has to live in the light of Christ, which means putting one’s old life, with all its sinful desires, behind one, making sure that one does not grieve the Holy Spirit, “with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.” The only way this can be achieved is to “Be imitators of God.” who is love, pure and unadulterated love. The wicked things of one’s past must be completely discarded and Christians must learn to “Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ.” Christians must encourage each other by giving thanks and praise “to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.” Loving as Christ loved because love is the greatest cleanser and purifier of all life and must be sought by every disciple of Christ in the kingdom of God.
As we come to the last chapter in the Letter to the Ephesians, we discover how much the Christian faith did for women and children. READ EPHESIANS 6:1-4.
EXERCISE: What do you think was behind Paul’s thinking when he wrote those words?
In pre-Christianity, children were often ill-treated and looked upon as objects, rather than people who needed to be nurtured and loved. It was bad enough in the Jewish community but in Roman civilisation it was even worse! A Roman father had absolute power over his family. He could put them to work wherever, punish them as and when he wished, He could sell them as slaves or even inflict the death penalty. In fact, as long as he lived, he had complete control over his children, if he so desired, even in their adulthood.
William Barclay records (Letters To The Galatians And Ephesians pp. 208-209): “There was the custom of child exposure. When a child was born, it was placed before its father’s feet, and, if the father stooped and lifted the child, that meant that the father acknowledged the child and wished the child to be kept. If he turned and walked away, it meant that he refused to acknowledge the child, and the child could quite literally be thrown out. ... A Roman baby always ran the risk of being repudiated and exposed.” Especially if it was a girl!
Apparently, it has been computed that, at one time there were in the Roman Empire 60,000,000 slaves. So when Paul was writing to the Christians in Ephesus, a very large number of them would have been slaves. Slaves would have made up practically all of the work force, as work was beyond the dignity of a Roman citizen. People in high positions were often slaves who served their masters diligently, some because they feared the consequences should they not! Although, in some cases, they were good masters and there was a deep bond of affection between the two; however, basically the life of a slave could be terribly grim, some probably took their own lives as the only way of escape.
READ EPHESIANS 6:5-9.
EXERCISE: If slavery was the accepted, why did Paul write in this way?
EPHESIANS SESSION 8 cont.
Barclay writes (p. 213): “Aristotle lays it down that there never can be friendship between master and slave, for master and slave have nothing in common; ”for a slave is a living tool, Just as a tool is an inanimate slave.” (Although in some cases, certain slaves were appreciated.) ... Old slaves must be thrown out on the scrap heap to starve. When a slave is ill it is sheer extravagance to issue him with normal rations. The old sick slave is only a broken and inefficient tool. ... If the slave ran away, at best he was branded on the forehead with the letter ‘F’ which stood for ‘fugitivus’, which means runaway, at worst he was killed.”
All servants were slaves. What Paul is saying here, is that a disciple of Christ must be obedient and serve his earthly master just as he would serve Christ, the master of his soul. The power of Holy Spirit in one’s life will bring this about, if one is true to one’s calling in Christ Jesus and the kingdom of God. Not just because one is being watched but because one is anxious to be the best that one can be as Christ’s disciple, pleasing one’s earthly master is part and parcel of serving Christ in this world.
Likewise, Paul is saying to Christian employers, “Masters, treat your slaves in the same way.” Respect them for they too are human beings of God’s creation, are loved by God and equal to you in His sight. You are all part of the same body with Christ as your head. He is no respecter of persons. In Him you live and move and have your being. Since you are all, slave and free, loved by God, so you must love one another. Such thought was revolutionary in those days, that all people were equal in the sight of God, that Christ came to save and deliver people from the yoke of slavery, that master and slave could sit down together and share fellowship in Christ Jesus.
EXERCISE: What are the advantages of sharing fellowship together in Jesus Christ?
READ EPHESIANS 6:10-18
EXERCISE: Why do you think Paul is writing in this vein?
The clue is in vv.11-12. Paul is saying that the battle Christians have to fight is not against their neighbours, fellow country-men and women, or people from other lands and nationalities, but against the devil and his wicked schemes. Spiritual forces, that are out to destroy the kingdom of God and of His Christ. The battle has been there since the fall of the human race. Paul, therefore, writes, not just to the Christians in Ephesus but to Christians throughout the world who face the same battle: “Put on the full armour of God so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes. For our struggles are not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.” It may surprise you that we have to fight against “spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.” But it is not until the end times that these evil forces will be cast out of heaven.
READ REVELATION 12:7-12
Nothing less than the full armour of God will suffice against these super human powers because we have no armour of our own. It is only when we come to know Jesus Christ as Saviour and are born of God that we begin our training, as it were, in Christ’s army. Christians rely wholly on the Spirit of God to train them in ‘Spiritual Warfare’ and it begins the moment we recognise and accept Christ, not just as our Saviour but also as our Captain, giving Him Lordship of our lives. Jesus Christ was tempted by Satan but He withstood all the temptations that the devil aimed at Him. He was tempted just as we are but without sin. He supplies the armour necessary for our battles; we must be prepared to wear it “so that when the day of evil comes” we may be able to stand our ground. The temptations of this world will attempt to draw us away, but we stand firm in the strength of Christ.
Remember Charles Wesley’s hymn (719 H&P):
EPHESIANS SESSION 8 cont.
Soldiers of Christ, arise, and put your armour on,
Strong in the strength which God supplies through his eternal Son.
Strong in the Lord of hosts, and in his mighty power,
Who in the strength of Jesus trusts is more than conqueror.
Stand then in his great might, with all his strength endued;
But take to arm you for the fight, the panoply of God;
That, having all things done, and all your conflicts passed,
Ye may o’ercome through Christ alone, and stand entire at last.
Leave no unguarded place, no weakness of the soul;
Take every virtue, every grace, and fortify the whole:
Indissolubly joined, to battle all proceed;
But arm yourselves with all the mind that was in Christ, your Head.
From strength to strength go on, Wrestle, and fight, and pray,
Tread all the powers of darkness down, and win the well-fought day;
Still let the spirit cry in all his soldiers: come!
Till Christ the Lord descend from high, and take the conquers home.
READ AGAIN EPHESIANS 6:13-18
The Apostle is preparing the Christians at Ephesus for a battle which is already raging. He desires that none loose their inheritance and he knows, because of persecution, that the easy way out would be to give up, or even compromise their faith. Somehow they must stand firm and Paul knows, from experience, that it means they must wear the full armour God, supplied through His eternal Son, if they are to withstand the fiery darts of Satan, the devil; so Paul uses the imagery of a soldier to make his point.
The belt of truth (the righteousness of the Messiah) must be in position. The prophet Isaiah says: “Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash round his waist.” (Isaiah 11:5). Paul also speaks of the breastplate of righteousness being in place, in reference to Isaiah 59:17: “He put on righteousness as his breastplate and the helmet of salvation on his head.” A person clothed in righteousness is impregnable. There is only one who is righteous and that is Christ Jesus. Thank God, His righteousness covers our sin. A Christian should always be prepared to take the gospel to others. The gospel shoes should always be on our feet because the gospel we take to others is good news for all, the gospel of peace. Peace with God and goodwill to all people.
In ancient warfare, one of the most dangerous of weapons was the fiery dart or flaming arrow; a shield was essential to protect one from it. Paul calls it the shield of faith. Without faith we don’t stand a chance. Faith with Paul is complete trust in Christ. I am reminded of William Cowper’s hymn (494 CMP): “O for a closer walk with God, a calm and heavenly frame, a light to shine upon the road that leads me to the Lamb.” Faith is when one puts one’s hand into the hand of God and walks along with Him, when one is willing to be led by Him at all costs.
The helmet of salvation is our living hope, what Christ has promised to all who follow Him, our heavenly heritage, the prize kept in heaven for all who are faithful to the only Saviour, Christ Jesus, Himself. Remember Paul’s words: (READ EPHESIANS 1:13-14.)
EPHESIANS SESSION 8 cont.
The sword of the Spirit is the word of God. Remember, our Lord Jesus was tempted just as we are, yet without sin. He used the sword of the Spirit to defeat the enemy, Satan himself, before He began His ministry. READ LUKE 4:5-13.
We are called to pray in the Spirit on all occasions, to use the word of God to defeat the evil one. The Spirit of God and His Christ, Holy Spirit must guide, inspire and lead us, if we are to stand on the victory side.
But there is more. Paul’s instructions are: “And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the saints.” (Eph. 6:18). We are not in this alone! We are on a journey together, we need each other! Each of us must have the interest of others at heart. We are responsible for one another’s welfare as brothers and sisters in Christ Jesus. In the London Marathon and also in The Olympic Marathon, There was a television recording of a competitor who almost collapsed near to the finish line, in both cases another competitor stopped and helped the ones who were in a state of collapse over the line. If it hadn’t been for the goodwill of the stronger, the other would not have completed the race. Likewise we are called to help one another in our discipleship, thereby ensuring that we complete the race of life together. “Keep praying for all the saints”.
EXERCISE: What are your thoughts on this?
Prayer is the greatest weapon of all for the Christian, constant, sincere, daily prayer for others with their difficulties and struggles; amazingly from which one receives great strength one’s self. Barclay writes (Letters To The Galatians And Ephesians pp. 218-9): ‘“The Jews had a saying, “Let a man unite himself with the community in his prayers.” “I think that often our prayers are too much for ourselves, and too little for others. We must learn to pray as much and as intensely for others and with others as for ourselves.”
READ EPHESIANS 6:19-20.
Finally, Paul asks them to pray also for him, not for comfort or ease, neither is it for freedom nor peace but that he will continue to “make known the mystery of the gospel, for which” he is “an ambassador in chains.” He continues: “Pray that I may declare it fearlessly, as I should.” He is deeply conscious of his need for prayer
After this comes the final greetings and blessing. Tychicus was obviously an experienced minister in the Lord, one on whom Paul knew he could depend to encourage the Ephesians in the faith. Paul’s desire, that the church established in and around Ephesus might prosper and grow despite all opposition and become strong in the Lord. He then closes his letter with a blessing, the blessing of peace. The peace he is blessing them with is the highest one could afford. The peace Jesus gave to His disciples when he stood among them on the evening of His resurrection and declared, “Peace be with you!” This peace is complete only when trusting and resting in Christ alone.
READ EPHESIANS 6:21-24.
Notice: “Grace to all who love our Lord Jesus Christ with an undying love.”
Close with 1072 CMP:
In Christ alone my hope is found ... Here in the power of Christ I’ll stand!
EPHESIANS SESSION 7
‘TO BE LIKE JESUS, THIS HOPE POSSESSES ME’
Here in chapter 5 the apostle, Paul, sets before his hearers the highest possible standard in the whole world. READ EPHESIANS 5:1-2.
He is not just challenging them he is telling them how to please God, their heavenly Father. If they want to please God, they must imitate Him!
EXERCISE: How does one do that?
We, as they, are dearly loved by our heavenly Father. In fact, He loved us so much that He came in the person of Jesus Christ, despised and rejected by the very ones He loved, was beaten ever so severely, nailed to a cross of wood and in deep humiliation was left to die a cruel and barbaric death. The amazing thing is that He did it out of love! Love for you, me and all humanity. His final cry from the cross was: “It is finished!” It was a cry of triumph, meaning ‘I have accomplished it!’
“This is love: not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.” (1John 4:10) Charles Wesley proclaimed “Amazing love! how can it be that Thou, my God, shouldst die for me!” (CMP 33) It is beyond human understanding. Paul is saying, that’s how you should love. “live a life of love, just as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.” It leaves that nagging question: How does one do that?
This imitation can only be in one direction. One must imitate the love and forgiveness of God, love and forgiveness go together, they cannot be separated. Hard, though it may be, if I cannot forgive, I do not love. The “fragrant offering and sacrifice to God” that Paul speaks of, was none other than the sacrifice of the beloved Christ. Strangely enough, it was a sacrifice in which God took delight. Both the Father and His Son had one aim in view: to save a lost race! Here we see displayed absolute love, love in its entirety. Knowing how much Jesus Christ would be ridiculed and suffer at the hand of those whom He loved, with an everlasting love, those He wanted to redeem from sin and the power of Satan, He did not hold back but willingly came to die in their place so that they would be set free to worship the Godhead. READ ISAIAH 53.
Those who choose to follow Jesus Christ are no longer under the yoke of bondage because they have been set free by the His priceless blood. Charles Wesley put it like this (805 H & P):
To save what was lost, from heaven he came;
Come, sinners, and trust in Jesus’s name;
He offers you pardon, he bids you be free:
If sin be your burden, O come unto me.
Then let us submit his grace to receive,
Fall down at his feet and gladly believe;
We all are forgiven for Jesus’s sake;
Our title to heaven his merits we take.
Paul is saying, just as God loved and continues to love you with a perfect love, so you must learn to love others as He loves you. You must have the same kind of love, firstly for Him and secondly for others. One cannot love others completley, until one loves God. To do this one has to be like Christ Jesus, prepared as Studdert Kennedy wrote: (588 MHB). “To give, and give, and give again, what God hath given thee; to spend thyself nor count the cost, to serve right gloriously the God who gave all worlds that are, and all that are to be.”
I am reminded of a little song that I haven’t heard for a while, and I don’t know who wrote it:
‘To be like Jesus, this hope possesses me.
In every thought and deed, this is my aim, my creed.
EPHESIANS SESSION 7 cont.
To be like Jesus, this hope possesses me.
His Spirit helping me, like Him I’ll be.’
Therein lies the secret, only by His Spirit can a Christian be like Him. His Holy Spirit brings with Him the power and authority to live life in the fullness of God. Only then can we love as He loved. Only then can one reach one’s full potential as a disciple of Christ Jesus.
READ ACTS 1:4-8.
Paul’s letter is a wake-up call, to the Christians in Ephesus, some of who are drifting back into their old ways. Having experienced the cleansing power of God, in Christ Jesus, they are in danger of loosing their inheritance because they are reverting back to the things and way of life from which God, out of his abundant grace, had delivered them.
READ EPHESIANS 5:3-7.
William Barclay, in his commentary, ‘Letters to The Galatians And Ephesians’ (p.191) writes: “It is certainly true that the ancient world regarded sexual immorality so lightly that it was no sin at all. It was the expected thing that a man should have a mistress. In places like Corinth the great temples were staffed by hundreds of priestesses who were sacred prostitutes, and whose earnings went to the upkeep of the Temple.” Barclay goes on to say, speaking of brothels, common place in those days: “and with the profits of the new trade a new temple was built to Aphrodite, the goddess of love. Nothing could show the Greek point of view better than the fact that the Greeks saw nothing wrong in building a temple to the gods with the proceeds and profits of prostitution.” This was their way of life and reflected the custom of the day.
So, in a way, it is understandable, to a point, how, in Paul’s absence, many tried to combine their old way of life with the new. Paul is telling them that these long established habits and immoral attitudes have no place within the church, they must be abandoned or they will incur God’s wrath. They are totally out of bounds! READ EPHESIANS 5:8-21.
The apostle reminds them of the state they were in before they discovered and walked in the Light of Christ, the time when they stumbled and fell in the darkness of sin. Their lives have been illuminated by Christ, why fall back into darkness after they have experienced for themselves the light of the love of God in Christ Jesus? Paul encourages them to “Live as children of the Light (for the fruit of the light consists in all goodness, righteousness and truth) and find out what pleases the Lord. Have nothing to do with the fruitless deeds of darkness, but rather expose them.”
ERERCISE: What does one have to do to find out what pleases the Lord?
Behave wisely, is what Paul is saying, “Be filled with the Spirit”, encourage one another in your worship, give thanks to God always, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. Learn to submit to one another, having each other’s interest at heart.
“The Spirit lives to set us free, walk, walk in the light;
He binds us all in unity, walk, walk in the light.
... Walk in the light of the Lord.”
This, surely, is what Paul is saying.
“The Spirit lives in you and me, walk, walk in the light;
His light will shine for all to see, walk, walk in the light.
... Walk in the light of the Lord.”
(Composed by Damien Lundy, 664 CMP)
Paul spent 3 years in Ephesus preaching and teaching the Good News about Jesus Christ and it was far from easy, he was severely tested, especially at first; however, under the guidance and protection of the Holy Spirit he gained a following.
EPHESIANS SESSION 7 cont.
READ ACTS 19:1-7.
The Church was established there and for 3 months, in the synagogue, he spoke about the kingdom of God. Unfortunately, because there was much opposition to his preaching, he went to a lecture hall nearby, where he was heard, taking the new disciples with him. READ ACTS 19:8-12.
Some Jews there, tried to imitate Paul. We’ll read about it and the result in ACTS 19:13-20.
About the time Paul decides to move on, there is a riot in the city. READ ACTS 19:23-41.
Paul’s intentions are to go to Jerusalem and then on to Rome; when Paul arrives at Miletus he sends for the elders of the church at Ephesus, there he addresses them in a farewell speech.
READ ACTS 20:17-38.
The apostle knows that Ephesus is a hard place. What will happen now he is absent? Evil crouches near and because of this Paul advises them: “Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood. I know that after I leave, savage wolves will come in among you and will not spare the flock. Even from your own number men will arise and distort the truth in order to draw away disciples after them. So be on your guard! Remember that for three years I never stopped warning each of you night and day with tears.” With this understanding he commits them to God: “Now I commit you to God and to the word of his grace, which can build you up and give you an inheritance among all those who are sanctified.” Paul knows that he’ll never see them again.
It was whist under house arrest in Rome, Paul heard the devastating news that many who began to follow Christ Jesus, have been deceived by some and are compromising their faith and some of them have turned away completely. This is why he is writing the way he is in Ephesians 5, that they will rediscover what the Lord’s will is, “to be filled with the Spirit” and to encourage each other by giving thanks to God and “Submitting to one another out of reverence for Christ.”
READ EPHESIANS 5:22-33.
EXERCISE: What is this passage saying to you?
Unfortunately, there is a school of thought that believes Paul to be giving authority for the husband to have control over his wife in all things, that, at all costs, she must be controlled by him; however, this is not what Paul is saying.
Matthew Henry writes in his Commentary (p.654): “There is a mutual submission that Christians owe to one another ... Where there is mutual submission, the duties of all relations will be the better performed.”
Whilst the husband may be the head of the wife, Christ is the head of the Church and, therefore, of the husband. It is the duty of the husband to love his wife, just as it is the duty of the wife to love her husband (mutual submission). In a marriage ceremony the two become one that is one body in Christ, who is the head. In such a promiscuous society as Ephesus, where anything goes, Christ’s disciples are to be faithful to and have love and respect for each other. They are to love as Christ loves. “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy ... For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife and the two will become one flesh.” This is what submission means for the Christian, often swimming against the tide, and remaining faithful to one’s calling in Christ Jesus, who binds us together in the perfect love of God, through the power of the Holy Spirit, to His praise and glory!
Use Samuel John Stone’s hymn (515 H&P) as a prayer to close
“The church’s one foundation is Jesus Christ her Lord;”
EPHESIANS SESSION 6
‘GROUNDED FIRM AND DEEP IN THE SAVIOUR’S LOVE’
In the first three chapters of his letter to the Ephesians, Paul deals with the central truths of the Christian faith and the purpose of ‘The Church’ in God’s great design of things; the purpose for which it was conceived and executed. Although, regarding Ephesus, mainly made up of Gentiles, we also discovered God’s intention to mould both Jews and Gentiles into one body with Christ Jesus as its Head. The apostle has in view the ideal relationship between Christ and His people.
“Paul now turns to the practical outworking of this ideal in everyday living. His writing takes on a practical purpose as he sets before his readers the guidelines of Christian conduct and deportment in the world. But before he gets to grip with details he must first give an over-all picture of what is to be the church’s calling in the world. This is the theme of vv. 1-16.” (New Bible Commentary Third Edition p.1115).
‘The Lion Handbook to the Bible’ makes a good point (p. 606):”Christian unity is a fact. We are bound together by a common faith, a common life, common loyalty, common purpose. We serve one Master. He is the head; we are the limbs of a single body. ... But we are not identical in temperament, personality or gifts. We must constantly cement the bond by a loving forbearing attitude to one another, and by using our different gifts for the common good. We have to grow up together until we are all Christ wants us to be – until we are really like him.”
READ 1 CORINTHIANS 12:7-31
So God, our loving heavenly Father, desires that all disunity, disharmony, mistrust and all such things that destroy good relationships should be abandoned, walls of separation destroyed, differences abolished. His desire is that in Christ Jesus humanity discovers a new togetherness, what one might call ‘a sacred oneness’ in Christ.
EXERCISE: How can this be achieved?
Barclay states (p. 157): “The Church must be the body through which Christ acts and the voice through which he speaks. The Church must be Christ’s instrument in bringing this divine unity into the world. But if the Church is to succeed in that great task, the people within the Church must be a certain kind of people. And now Paul turns to the character of the Christian which is necessary if the Church is to fulfil her great task of being Christ’s instrument of universal reconciliation between man and man, and man and God within the world.”
When a person joins any organisation or fellowship that person is expected to abide by the rules; not to disregard them, bringing disgrace upon the society concerned. Paul is in effect saying, Christian, don’t sell Christ short! Watch your conduct and be true to your calling.
READ EPHESIANS 4:1-6.
The Ephesians have been called by God to be Christ-like and Paul is urging them to live up to their calling. They must make every effort to do so. It should be no different for us, indeed, for all Christians everywhere.
READ PHILIPPIANS 2:1-11.
Meekness, to a Greek, was a second-rate virtue; lowliness was classed as no virtue at all; however, Christ changes things. Paul is saying that every Christian’s attitude should be like that of Christ Jesus. Are we humble enough to swallow our pride, to stop judging others and get on with the task of living in unity? The question posed by Paul to the Ephesian church is: are you prepared to “Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace”? Nothing less will do! “Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love.”
Michael Frye wrote (1076 Complete Mission Praise):
Jesus, be the centre, be my source, be my light, Jesus.
EPHESIANS SESSION 6 cont.
Jesus, be the centre, be my hope, be my song, Jesus.
Be the fire in my heart, be the wind in these sails,
Be the reason that I live, Jesus, Jesus.
Jesus, be my vision, be my path, be my guide, Jesus
Be the fire in my heart, be the wind in these sails,
Be the reason that I live, Jesus, Jesus.
Therein lies the answer to the problems Christians find today, as it did those to whom Paul wrote originally. Jesus has to be the centre because all things centre round Him and find their fulfilment in Him. Paul writes in Ephesians 4:4-5: “There is one body and one Spirit – just as you were called to one hope when you were called – one Lord, one faith, one baptism;” Just to remind you, our one hope is the glorious future all believers share in Jesus Christ, kept for us, eternal in the heavens. The one body consists of the believers who make up the Church; the one Lord being Jesus Christ the Head. The one Spirit is the Holy Spirit who inspires the one faith in God our Father, through our Lord Jesus Christ. The one baptism is the baptism of the Holy Spirit, who brings with Him all the gifts and activity necessary to be an active and influential force in the body of Christ that inspires Christian living, thus extending Christ’s kingdom on earth. (Although there is a line of thought that sees the one baptism as water baptism on confession of faith.)
EXERCISE: What are your thoughts on Paul’s statement (Ephesians 4:4-5)?
READ EPHESIANS 4:7-18.
God‘s amazing, abundant grace has been poured out upon all people through Jesus Christ’s sufferings, death and resurrection. Many have rejected God’s offer; however, all who receive what Christ has done and embrace Him will receive grace upon grace, both in this life and beyond. He equips His body, the Church, with all the gifts necessary to proclaim and extend His kingdom to the nations. These gifts operate best when His redeemed “keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace.” When Christ ascended into heaven, He did not leave His disciples as orphans.
READ JOHN 14:15-21.
Jesus Christ fulfilled His promise to His disciples and returned with the rich gift of the Holy Spirit, His spiritual presence! READ JOHN 14:23-29.
Following His ascension Christ gave gifts to mere mortals. In the words of Charles Wesley (924 Methodist Hymn Book) “Christ whose glory fills the skies, Christ, the true, the only Light,” is shining brightly in today’s world and inspiring his body, the Church, with spiritual gifts that have transforming power. Power and authority in His name, He has given to preach the gospel in its entirety. READ MATTHEW 28:18-20.
Back to Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians 4:11-13, where Paul is saying: “It was He who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God’s people for works of service, so that the body may be built up until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the full measure of the fullness of Christ.”
All Christians have been given gifts by a loving heavenly Father, through His Holy Spirit. True some are called to a particular ministry but every Christian, who truly believes and receives God’s Spirit, is equipped as a disciple of the Lord Jesus and is expected to be about His business of building the kingdom of God.
EXERCISE: What gifts do you think God has given you? How might you use those gifts?
EPHESIANS SESSION 6 cont.
READ EPHESIANS 4:17-24.
Having discussed unity and maturity as twin goals for The Church, which God brought into existence through the death of Christ Jesus, Paul goes on to show that purity is essential to all who belong to Him. In these verses he is appealing to his converts, in fact insisting, that they leave their old, sinful way of life behind them and keep to the new way that they have discovered in Christ Jesus. Some of them seem to have drifted back in their ignorance, their minds have become darkened and they have begun to revert back to indulging in their sinful nature. I am certain that Paul is saying, Beware, lest you slip back into heathen ways and get swallowed up in the insatiable lust of your desires, be careful lest you become a slave to your old way of life and your hearts become hardened to the real things of God. One can become so dominated by sin that shame is lost and decency forgotten. That way certainly does not fit in with the life of Christ your Master. Such people alienate themselves from God.
“You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires; to be made new in the attitude of your minds; and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness.” (Vv. 22-24).
The old self is no longer acceptable. Falsehood, vindictiveness, anger, theft, bad language, deception, retaliation, such things are of the old nature and must be rejected at all costs, if one is to walk in the Light of Christ. READ EPHESIANS 4:25-29.
Paul is, in effect, saying: The filthy rags of the old nature must be rejected for the sake of the ‘Body of Christ’, God has entered your life because of what Christ has done and you have pledged yourself to Him, live in the manner you ought, seek to please the Christ in whom you have come to believe and whom you serve. Serve Him faithfully and stop being double-minded.
READ JAMES 1:2-7.
I am certain Paul would be the first to agree with James’ comments. Some of these Ephesian Christians were unstable trying to keep a foot in both camps. This simply cannot go on they are becoming stumbling blocks to each other, and to the advancement of the kingdom of God on earth! Worse still, they are grieving the Holy Spirit by whom they were sealed, guaranteeing their inheritance “until the redemption of those who are God’s possession” (Ephesians 1:14).
In the closing verses of chapter 4, Paul reminds them of this again. READ EPHESIANS 4:30-32.
Those who have turned to Christ must make Christ the centre of their lives. They are called to walk in His ways, to emulate Him, to let His light shine through them unhindered, so that Christ can be seen in their actions and attitude to life in general. Christians are on a journey, like little children they take a step at a time, have to be corrected when mistakes are made and, if following their heavenly parent, they will act in like manner. This they will do if they have been born of the Spirit of God because the Holy Spirit will lead and guide them in the way they need to go, if they are to bring glory to Christ Jesus and His cause, which is to extend the kingdom of God in the hearts of people of every nation and every tongue. They are distinguished from others who have rejected God’s free gift of salvation and given preference to a worldly life, pleasing only themselves where almost anything goes, clinging to old habits and rejecting God’s ways.
Christians, reflecting the Light of Christ, have given up selfish ways and seeking unity in the bond of peace have entered a new life pattern as disciples of the living, victorious Lord Jesus Christ in whom they have the victory. Paul is implying that the love of God, implanted within them, will inspire them to greater things as they are held together by the power of the Spirit in the bond of peace. Only by His Spirit will we be able to love and serve others as Christ Jesus loves and serves us. To God be the glory! Great things He has done!
Acts Chapter 25, Tuesday Afternoon Bible Fellowship
Festus, some might say a more upright man than Felix, arrives in his province in approximately A.D. 59. After a few days he went up from Caesarea, the seat of government, to Jerusalem to meet the high priest and the Sanhedrin, a two-day journey, of approximately sixty miles.
May the Lord bless you, as you explore further.
Read Acts 25:1-5. Q.1. What was the Sanhedrin’s request and what were it’s members hoping for?
Read Acts 25:6-7. Q.2. Why could the Jews not prove the charges they brought against Paul?
Read Acts 25:8-12. Q.3. Why do you think Festus wished to do the Jews a favour?
Q. 4. Why did Paul appeal to Caesar?
Read Acts 25:13-22. Q.5. What was the Roman custom?
Q.6. What was the dispute about?
Read Acts 25:23-27. Q.7. This was not a judgement, so why were so many people gathered?
Q.8. What was Festus’ predicament?
Q.9. Does anything else stand out to you in this chapter?
Acts Chapter 24, Tuesday Afternoon Bible Fellowship
The next three chapters of the book of Acts may seem quite repetitive. They contain trials or hearings of Paul’s case. The first hearing is before Felix. Paul has been kept under guard in Herod’s palace for five days before his case begins.
The Lord bless you as you explore further.
Read Acts 24:1-4. Q.1. Who was Tertullus?
Q.2. In what manner did Tertullus present the case against Paul before Felix?
Read Acts 24:5-9. Q.3. Was this accusation true or false?
Read Acts 24:10-16. Q.4. What did Paul admit to?
Q.5. What should we strive for?
Read Acts 24:17-21. Q.6.What was Paul’s main purpose for going to Jerusalem?
Q.7.What did Paul think might have been the reason for bringing him before Felix?
Read Acts 24:22-23. Q.8.Why do you think Felix was so generous towards Paul?
Read Acts 24:24-26. Q.9. What caused Felix to stop the interview and why?
Read Acts 24:27. Q.10.What was the long-term result? Give your reason.
Acts Chapter 23, Tuesday Afternoon Bible Fellowship
We now see Paul, like his Master the Lord Jesus Christ, appearing before the Sanhedrin, the ruling body of the Jews. This is not one of their regular meetings, but a special meeting that has been called to deal with Paul’s case.
May the Lord bless you as you explore further.
Acts 23:1-5. Q. 1. Why do you think Paul called Ananias a ‘whitewashed wall’?
Q. 2. At first Paul didn’t recognize Ananias as the high priest. Give reasons why you think that might be?
Acts 23:6-10. Q. 3. What stirred up the members of the Sanhedrin, and why do you think that was?
Acts 23:11. Q. 4. The Lord stood with Paul in his time of crises. Can you describe times when He stood by you with words of comfort and assurance?
Acts 23:12-15. Q.5. What do we discover here, regarding humanity?
Acts 23:16-22. Q.6. How important was Paul’s nephew and why?
Acts 23:23-24. Q.7. How did the commander react and what action did he take?
Acts 23:25-30. Q.8. How would you describe the contents of the commander’s letter to Felix?
Acts 23:31-35. Q.9. How did Felix react when he received the letter, and why?
Q.10. What impressed you most in this session, and why do you think that is?
EPHESIANS SESSION 5
‘THE MYSTERY MADE KNOWN’
One needs to remember that Paul wrote this letter whilst a prisoner in Rome; however, he had certain privileges, although he was under arrest in his own rented accommodation and guarded by Roman soldiers, he was allowed visits from his friends. During this time Paul was chained night and day to a soldier, who was his guard, and whose business it was to see that he never escaped. All this time Paul was waiting for the Jewish prosecutors to arrive with their trumped up charges against him. The apostle, however, takes advantage of their delay by writing letters to the Christians in the various churches that he has managed to establish throughout his preaching ministry.
Paul holds his mission to the Gentiles in high regard; in fact, he sees it as a privilege and a necessary responsibility given him by Christ, Himself. Paul knows the reason Christ Jesus revealed Himself to him on the Damascus road was that he might carry the name of Jesus Christ to “the Gentiles and their kings and before the people of Israel.” Even though he would preach Christ crucified and risen from the dead, ascended and glorified, and would be an important tool in his Master’s hand by bringing many lost souls back to God, he would suffer much in doing so.
READ ACTS 9:15-18.
The Gentile members, as well as Jewish, have therefore become members of the ‘Body of Christ’, equal in every respect, in whom ‘God lives by His Spirit.’ Born by the Spirit, they must learn to live as one by the Spirit, so Paul is content with his current situation.
READ EPHESIANS 3:1.
George Matheson wrote a hymn to this effect (714 H&P):
Make me a captive, Lord, and then I shall be free;
Force me to render up my sword, and I shall conquer be.
I sink in life’s alarms when by myself I stand;
Imprison me within thine arms, and strong shall be my hand.
My power is faint and low till I have learned to serve;
It wants the needed fire to glow, it wants the breeze to nerve;
It cannot freely move, till thou hast wrought its chain;
Enslave it with thy matchless love, and deathless it shall reign.
My will is not my own till thou hast made it thine;
If it would reach a monarch’s throne it must its crown resign;
It only stands unbent, amid the clashing strife,
When on thy bosom it has lent and found in thee its life.
EXERCISE: What are Paul and the hymn writer implying here?
Paul chooses to obey Christ Jesus in spite of all opposition. He was indeed held captive by the Romans but he chose to be imprisoned in Christ’s arms of love, he wanted to be enslaved by the matchless love of his Saviour. Captivated by Jesus Christ, he could only display that love to all with whom he came in contact. However, Paul breaks his train of thought after verse 1 in an attempt to explain ‘the mystery’.
READ EPHESIANS 3:2-6.
We know that before Christ came God’s promise had been confined to the Jews and that His purpose for the rest of the world had remained a secret, except that the prophets prophesied that “the earth would be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.” (Isaiah 11:9b). Also, King David in Psalm 72 says “All nations will be blessed through him, and they will call him blessed.” (v. 17b) – This promise goes back to Abraham, see Genesis 22:18.
EPHESIANS SESSION 5 cont.
READ PSALM 72.
The apostle had also written to the church at Corinth, briefly, on the mystery made known to him by the Holy Spirit. READ 1 CORINTHIANS 2:8-16.
As Christians, we too need to understand spiritual truths if we are to make right judgements about things. If the Spirit of Christ lives in us, as Christ promised He would, then “we have the mind of Christ.” The mystery is only made known by divine revelation!
Thankfully now, as Roy Turner wrote (18 CMP):
All over the world the Spirit is moving, all over the world as the prophet said it would be;
All over the world there’s a mighty revelation of the glory of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.
All over His Church (v. 2) & Right here in this place (v. 3).
EXERCISE: What are your views on the mystery that Paul is making known?
Paul has just told the Ephesians something of God’s secret plan that has been revealed to him, a plan that was not known to previous generations, that in and through Christ Jesus God was reconciling the world unto Himself. The scope of His purpose is breathtaking, there is no class or distinction regarding those who are in Christ, all are heirs of the promises. “This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.” (Ephesians 3:6).
READ EPHESIANS 3:7-13.
In these verses Paul expands the greatness of his special mission, explaining that it was all by grace. How by God’s amazing grace he, who was so unworthy of the calling, was called to the task of bringing the gospel of salvation to the Gentile world. He sees himself as “the least of all God’s people.” once the enemy of Christ. Yet God chose him and Paul sees it as the greatest of privileges. (Like Paul, we all need the gift of divine grace, if we are to succeed in the Lord’s business. This grace of God only comes by faith in Christ who baptizes us in His Holy Spirit, equipping us for the work in hand. One cannot ‘make’ disciples until one is willing to be discipled.)
So Paul, far from being proud, humbly confesses his inadequacies, then, rejoices in God’s power which enables him to complete the task to which he has been called, taking the gospel message, the good news of salvation, to the Gentiles so that they too may experience God’s abundant grace and be included in the ‘Body of Christ’, the Church universal. To this end Paul preaches “the unsearchable riches of Christ, and to make plain the mystery, which for ages past was kept hidden in God, who created all things.” God’s plan, once concealed, is now brought to light. Through this plan, the devil no longer has control over the destiny of the human race.
William Barclay in his commentary p.147 writes:
“for he who serves Christ can never think of making others look at himself and praise himself; he must make them look at Christ. The tragic fact in Churches is that there are so many who are more concern with their own honour and prestige than with the honour and prestige of Jesus Christ; and who are more concerned that they should be noticed than that Christ should be seen.”
The apostle emphasises that God’s “intent was that through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms”. This was His intent from the beginning of time and was accomplished in Christ Jesus, the Son that He loved but for your sake and mine He did not spare! God has achieved what seemed impossible, reconciling and uniting not only Jew and Gentile but all the nations of the earth as one body, His Church, through which and in whom He displays His eternal wisdom.
EPHESIANS SESSION 5 cont.
Dummelow writes, in his Commentary, (p. 963): “It is an amazing thought that, by means of the Church, God’s varied wisdom in the scheme of redemption is made known to heavenly beings. ‘Angels desire to look into’ ‘the manifold grace of God’.” (End of Quote). Paul, in addressing the needs of the Ephesians, is saying: God has accomplished your salvation through the Lord Jesus Christ and that “through faith in him we may approach God with freedom and confidence.” Don’t let my situation discourage you because my present sufferings are for your Glory.
EXERCISE: What do you think Paul meant by this? (v. 13)
It appears that Paul continues, in the fourteenth verse, where he left off in verse one in prayer for the people he loved and cared for. READ EPHESIANS 3:14-19.
Paul has painted an amazing picture of the Church; with the world in chaos! Although the whole world owes its Fatherhood to God, its creator and sustainer; in contrast the nations rebel against the Father who loves them and desires to be loved by them. All the riches of His grace are at their disposal if only the people in this fallen world would turn from their wicked ways and come back to Him. Paul sees the need of the Church, the ‘Body of Christ’, to witness to the amazing grace of God, the Father, as experienced in Jesus Christ, the Son, in and through whom He has made atonement for their sin.
The Church as the Body of Christ must faithfully go about her business, which is to illuminate the way to the Father. This can only be achieved if the Christians to whom Paul is writing will take their discipleship to Christ Jesus seriously. Paul is desperate for the furtherance of the gospel of Christ, the good news of the Father’s offer of forgiveness through the shed blood of His Son. To this end Paul kneels before Father God, pleading for the followers of Jesus Christ, pleading “that out of his glorious riches” God would strengthen them with power through his Spirit in their inner being. He continues: “so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith.” That they will be rooted and established in love; their roots must go down deep into the soil of God’s love if they are to have “power, together with all the saints, to grasp how wide and high and long and deep is the love of Christ, and to know this love that surpasses knowledge – that you may be filled to the measure of all the fullness of God.”
For the Christian the secret of strength is the presence of Christ within our lives, reflected by the way we live. The empowering of the Spirit of God is essential if Christ is to be seen working His purpose out in one’s life. There’s a 15th century hymn, 62 in The Methodist Hymn Book:
O Love, how deep, how broad, how high! It fills the heart with ecstasy,
That God , the Son of God, should take our mortal form, for mortals’ sake.
He sent no angel to our race, of higher or of lower place,
But wore the robe of human frame Himself, and to this lost world came.
For us to wicked men betrayed, scourged, mocked, in purple robe arrayed,
He bore the shameful cross and death, for us at length gave up His breath.
For us He rose from death again; for us He went on high to reign;
For us He sent His Spirit here to guide, to strengthen, and to cheer.
To Him whose boundless love has won salvation for us through His Son,
To God the Father, glory be, both now and through eternity. Amen.
PRAYER OF COMMITMENT
Use Ephesians 3:20-21 by way of blessing each other.
EPHESIANS Session 2
‘SPIRITUAL BLESSINGS IN CHRIST’
In our introductory study, we saw how the Apostle Paul’s life was completely turned around. No longer was he in direct opposition to the gospel of Christ Jesus. Chosen by God, he was transformed into a vehement supporter and preacher of the good news that he previously fought to destroy. He had discovered that Christ Jesus was the true and perfect way to God, that in Him his sins were forgiven because of God’s abundant grace and that he had peace with God through Jesus Christ his Saviour and Lord. Jesus Christ had become the ‘centre’ of Paul’s purpose for living. His sole desire was to spread what we know as the Christian Gospel and he pledged himself to its cause. Realizing that he, on his own, was far from perfect, Paul sought to strive towards the goal of perfection, knowing that he was chosen by Christ Jesus for this purpose and that if he was successful a reward awaited him in heaven.
READ PHILIPPIANS 3:12-14.
EXERCISE: What does this passage say to you?
It begs these questions: For what purpose did Christ take hold of me? Why should He bother with me, I’m not worthy of Him? It also speaks of a new start, a new beginning. Why is there a need for me to begin again? What is the prize set before me? No doubt there are others.
Paul knows why Jesus Christ broke into his life that day on the Damascus road, to be His chosen instrument to carry my name before the Gentiles and their kings and before the people of Israel.” (Acts 9:15b).
One of the great truths that Paul has discovered is that the Church, which includes everyone who has come to know Jesus Christ as Saviour and Lord, is the Body of Christ. Another is that the Church, trusted with the message of salvation to the world, is God’s chosen instrument of reconciliation. Barclay states (The Letter to the Galatians and Ephesians p.80): “No man has ever had a greater vision of Christ than this vision which sees in Christ the one centre in whom the disunities of life are gathered into one. No man ever had a greater vision of the Church than the vision which sees in the Church God’s instrument in that world-wide and universal reconciliation. And we believe that no man other than Paul could rise to a vision like that.”
EXERCISE: What do you think regarding the suggestion that a Christian is a person who always
lives a double life?
It has been suggested that each Christian has two addresses, a human address and a divine address. Every Christian has a battle to be fought. On the one hand the Christian seeks to please Christ; however, every Christian lives in a fallen world, where temptation is rife. To say the least, mistakes are made. READ EPHESIANS 1:3-4.
In this passage Paul is giving praise to God for His wondrous grace revealed in Christ Jesus and the way the people at Ephesus have received Him. They, he says, have been blessed abundantly. They are such privileged people to have been chosen by God to serve Him in their day and to do His work. He includes Himself with them. Together they have received the blessings of heaven. God has called them through His Son and opened the heavens and poured out His Holy Spirit upon them.
No human being will ever come near to fully understanding the grace of God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Yet of this I am certain, in recognizing one’s own short comings one feels the need to cry out ‘more grace, Lord, more grace!’
Daniel Webster Whittle (1840 – 1901) wrote that beautiful hymn (279 CMP), loved and appreciated by many down through the years:
EPHESIANS, Session 2, cont.
I know not why God’s wondrous grace to me has been made known;
nor why – unworthy as I am – He claimed me for His own.
But, ‘I know whom I have believed; and am persuaded that He is able
to keep that which I’ve committed unto Him against that day.’
I know not how this saving faith to me He did impart;
Or how believing in His word wrought peace upon my heart.
But, ‘I know ...’
I know not how the Spirit moves, convincing men of sin;
Revealing Jesus through the word, creating faith in Him.
But, ‘I know ...’
I know not what of good or ill may be reserved for me –
Of weary ways or golden days before His face I see.
But, ‘I know ...’
Paul would have approved of that Hymn; and, whether we realised it or not, all blessings come from God the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Spiritual blessings from heaven are the best Christians can possibly receive. These are not temporal blessings but spiritual blessings from “the heavenly realms”, blessings from the Father above. These blessings are in and through the Lord Jesus Christ, the joy of sins forgiven, a new beginning, the transformation from sinner into saint, the assurance of a heavenly kingdom prepared through Christ, the knowledge that one day we will live in His presence for evermore, the promise of a new heaven and a new earth. In the meantime there is the promise that His abundant grace will be sufficient for all our needs through the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit in our daily living. As Fanny J Crosby put it (59 CMP):
‘Blessed assurance, Jesus is mine: O what a foretaste of glory divine!
Heir of salvation, purchase of God; born of His Spirit, washed in His blood.”
READ REVELATION 21:1-8.
So our Father God actually chose us in Christ Jesus “before the creation of the world to be blameless in his sight.” Before time began, before creation! The mind boggles! In fact, even more incredible, “he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ”.
READ EPHESIANS 1:4-10.
God’s purpose for you and me is that we should be holy and blameless in His sight. We might be able to learn from others certain trades and skills, yet because we live in a fallen world and because of our fallen nature, we cannot teach ourselves to be holy and blameless in God’s sight. We were born sinful! Therefore we remain sinful; it is the law of nature! Children mimic and thereby learn from their parents and it is amazing how quickly they fall into the same habits. (Illustrate: a young lad who kicked a ball through a neighbour’s window. – His mother had brought him up to always tell the truth, which as far as we know, he did. When kicking a ball around with some friends, he accidently kicked it through a window, and immediately owned up. I was asked to replace the broken glass, which I did. Whilst I was doing this, his mother came to me and said, words to this affect, “For once I wish he wasn’t so truthful.”) The only way we can be transformed into holy and blameless people is for God to transform us and, of course, that is His desire; however, He will not force us against our will, we must want to be transformed. The trouble is our sin has separated us from our heavenly Father and there is no way back that we can devise because the barrier of sinfulness separates us from Him.
Our holy God, in His wisdom, has, Himself, provided a way by which we may be reconciled to Him: “In love he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will – to the praise of his glorious grace,” How has He achieved this? Paul tells us
EPHESIANS: Session 2 cont.
that He has done so out of the abundance of His glorious grace. Such is God’s love for His fallen
children that, even before the creation of the world, God had decreed that He would come into the world as a human being in the person of Jesus Christ and take, on Himself, the punishment for their sin and that all who turn to Him, in true repentance, would be forgiven completely and pronounced holy and blameless.
I am reminded that under Jewish law any animal offered for sacrifice, first had to be inspected. If any blemish was found, it was rejected as unfit as an offering to God. God had to provide the perfect sacrifice. Paul tells us that this was planned even before mankind was created.
Paul says in Ephesians 1:9-10: “And he made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, to be put into effect when the times have reached their fulfilment – to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ.”
Perhaps for us to understand how this was to happen, we need to read and understand, to the best of our ability, JOHN 1:1-5, 10-14. (READ)
So, the ‘Word’ who was in the beginning with God, was God and “became flesh and made his dwelling among us.” came to us in the flesh as a vulnerable and helpless babe, yet, as the Saviour promised long. The disciple goes on to say (v.18) “No-one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father’s side, has made him known.” A little further on we read the following in John 3: READ JOHN 3:16-21.
Exercise: What does this extract from John, the disciple’s writings, mean for you?
Jesus Christ becomes what none other could ever become, the ‘Lamb of God’. Faultless, holy and blameless, the ‘Perfect Sacrifice’. On the rugged altar of the cross, on Calvary’s hill, just outside Jerusalem, the perfect sacrifice was offered up by God the Father of us all and as that sacrifice, Jesus Christ cried out, “It is finished!” (John 19:30b) the veil of separation was torn apart and access to our heavenly Father opened up to all people of all nations for all time!
READ EPHESIANS 1:11-14.
Not all are predestined, only those who acknowledge that Jesus Christ has died in their place, who in true repentance turn to Him with the desire to serve Him, who willingly become His disciples. Although of a fallen nature, but now because of the abundant grace of a loving heavenly Father, have been given the gift of eternal life through Jesus Christ, their Redeemer and Lord. God decreed that all who turn to Him, through Christ, would be predestined to all the Spiritual blessings in the heavenly realms.
Paul’s message to the Ephesian Christians is the assurance that they “were included in Christ” when they “heard the word of truth, the gospel of” their “salvation.” He goes on to say, “Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit,” The Holy Spirit living in you and me is God’s seal on your life and mine, guaranteeing our inheritance, not just of God’s presence in this life but of our inheritance set in heaven, to be received when Christ Jesus comes to receive unto Himself all, who through adoption, chosen by God, are predestined to eternal life through their faith in Christ Jesus. A new heaven and a new earth awaits the faithful in Christ Jesus, where holiness, purity and grace are the order of the day, where “only those whose names are written in the Lambs book of life” (Rev, 21:27b) will see him face to face and enjoy His presence for evermore. What greater blessing could one have than that!
Exercise: How do you feel about your adoption?
(See 128 CMP, composed by Ian Smale: ‘Father God, I wonder how I managed to exist’)